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Hilduin IV, Count of Montdidier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hilduin IV
Count of Roucy
Reign1033–1063
PredecessorEbles I of Roucy
SuccessorEbles II of Roucy
Died1063
Issue
DynastyHouse of Montdidier
FatherHilduin III of Montdidier


Hilduin IV (d. 1063), Count of Montdidier and Lord of Ramerupt, son of Hilduin III, Count of Montdidier, member of the House of Montdidier. Hilduin was also Count of Roucy by virtue of his marriage to the daughter of Ebles I, Count of Roucy.

Little is known about Hilduin despite his many renowned children and grandchildren. Hériman of Tournai records that Philip I of France appointed Hilduin as an ambassador to Rome (date unknown).

Sometime between 1033 and 1054, probably closer to the latter, Hilduin was driven from Montdidier by Count Ralph IV of Valois, who continued to rule it until his death in 1074.[1]

Hildiun married Adelaide (Alice) de Roucy, daughter of Ebles I, Count of Roucy, and Beatrix of Hainaut.[2] They had nine children:

Hilduin was apparently the last Count of Montdidier, the line being continued with the Counts of Roucy.

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  • ✪ Lambert Lombart, Retable de Saint-Denis, 1533 - La Boverie (Liège, BE)

Transcription

These two panels painted at the start of the 16th century are a section of the wings of the predella of the very large sculpted retable at the collegiate church of Saint Denis in Liege. The iconography is based on episodes from the life of Saint Denis, which were reported by the abbot Hilduin in La Vita et Actus Beati Dionysii in the 13th century. Arriving from Italy in around 250, Saint Denis had the responsibility, with 6 companions, of evangelising France. Beheaded in Montmartre with two of his companions, he is reported to have walked northwards for 6 km, his head under his arm. At the end of his journey, he is reported to have given his head to a pious woman and collapsed. This is the location at which the famous Saint Denis abbey was built. Considered the first bishop of Paris, Saint Denis was likened by Huilduin with Denys the Aeropagite, a 1st century Athenian who is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and identified as the first bishop of Athens. Thus, since the Middle Ages, the hagiography of the two saints has been regularly blended or even confused, as in the Liege panels. These panels are the fruit of the work of a studio, where the master designed the compositions, executed some of them and supervised the making of others entrusted to one or more collaborators. Some experts recognize in it the hand of Lambert Lombard, making his debut. Painter, architect, man of letters and coin collector, Lombard was the archetypal Renaissance man. In 1537, he was sent to Rome by the prince-bishop of Liege, Erard de la Mark, in order to purchase works of art there and to perfect his knowledge. Having discovered the Italian artists of his time, and ancient works, he returned to Liege and shared his experience with young artists. In the LA BOVERIE panels, the Italian influence is perceptible through the Italianate decor on the reverse. Some elements are even directly inspired by works by Italian Renaissance artists which are known in our part of the world thanks to engravings. Other graphic components indicate that the author of these panels was au fait with humanist circles. The presence of hieroglyphic motifs, still an infrequent feature at the time in Northern Europe, testifies to this interest. However, despite all these innovative pictorial elements, the panels demonstrate that the author remains anchored in the medieval tradition that was still very present in our part of the world at the start of the 16th century

Notes

  1. ^ Beauvillé 1857, pp. 54–60.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Guenée 1978, p. 471.
  3. ^ a b c Guenée 1978, p. 470.

Sources

  • Beauvillé, Victor de (1857). Histoire de la ville de Montdidier. Vol. 1. Paris: Firmin Didot.
  • Guenée, Bernard (1978). "Les généalogies entre l'histoire et la politique: la fierté d'être Capétien, en France, au Moyen Age". Annales: Histoire, Sciences Sociales (No. 3 (May - Jun.)).
  • Hermann Monacii of Laon, From the Miracles of Mary (Hermanni Laudunensis Monacii de Miraculis B. Mariæ Laudunensis), RHGF XI
  • Morton, Catherine, and Muntz, Hope (editors). The Carmen de Hastingae Proelio of Bishop Guy of Amiens, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1972
This page was last edited on 29 October 2019, at 02:38
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