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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., Ltd.
Public company; State-owned enterprise
Traded asSZSE: 002415
ISINCNE100000PM8 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryVideo surveillance
Founded2001
Founder
HeadquartersHangzhou, China
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Gong Hongjia(vice-chairman)
Chen Zongnian(chairman)
Hu Yangzhong(director)
ProductsCCTV and Network Surveillance Systems
BrandsEzviz
RevenueIncrease CN¥41.905 billion (2017)
Increase CN¥10.443 billion (2017)
Increase CN¥09.411 billion (2017)
Total assetsIncrease CN¥51.571 billion (2017)
Total equityIncrease CN¥30.358 billion (2017)
Owner
Chinese Central Government
(via China Electronics Technology Group)
(41.55%)
Gong Hongjia and related parties(17.09%)
Hu Yangzhon and related parties(7.07%)
Number of employees
26,330 (2017)
Parent
CET HIK Group(direct)
China Electronics Technology Group(indirect)
SASAC(ultimate)
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese杭州海康威视数字技术股份有限公司
Traditional Chinese杭州海康威視數字技術股份有限公司
Literal meaningHangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology. Company Limited by Shares
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese海康威视
Traditional Chinese海康威視
Literal meaningHIK–vision[note 1]
Websitecctvhikvision.center Edit this on Wikidata
Footnotes / references
in a consolidated basis (net assets and net profit excluding minority interests); in Chinese Accounting Standards[1]

Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Co., Ltd. is a partially state-owned Chinese manufacturer and supplier of video surveillance equipment for civilian and military purposes, headquartered in Hangzhou, China.[2][3] Its controlling shares are owned by the Chinese government.[1] Due to its involvement in human rights violation and security concerns, the company has been placed under sanctions from the U.S. government and is prevented from receiving U.S. government contracts.[4]

History

Hikvision was founded in 2001 by Zhejiang HIK Information Technology Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 浙江海康信息技术股份有限公司) with the company having a 51% stake and Gong Hongjia (Chinese: 龚虹嘉) a 13.4% stake. Hikvision is an IoT solution provider with video surveillance market as its core competency.[5] It devotes 8% of its annual revenue to research and development[citation needed] with 40,403 employees .[6]

Hikvision has been listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange since 2010. The company provides surveillance products to the global market via more than "2,400 partners in 155 countries and regions",[7] and has its presence in 18 locations around the world.[8]

In October 2016, the company concluded a deal to use Movidius' computer vision technology.[9]

Shareholders

As of 31 December 2017

Hikvision was owned by China Electronics Technology HIK Group Co., Ltd. (HIK Group, Chinese: 中电海康集团有限公司), a wholly owned subsidiary of China Electronics Technology Group, which has a 39.59% stake.[1]:82 China Electronics Technology Group is a state-run enterprise that is owned and supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. China Electronics Technology Group holds an additional 1.96% stake of Hikvision via its 52nd research institute (Chinese: 中国电子科技集团公司第五十二研究所).[1]:82 The Chairman of Hikvision, Chen Zongnian (Chinese: 陈宗年), is also the chairman and the Party Committee Secretary of HIK Group, and Head of the aforementioned research institute.[1]:92

The firm's largest individual shareholder is Vice Chairman Gong Hongjia with a 13.4% stake.[10] The third largest shareholder is a private equity fund (Chinese: 新疆威讯投资管理有限合伙企业; pinyin: Xīnjiāng Wēixùn) which has a 7.09% stake,[1]:82 which is associated with current Hikvision General Manager Hu Yangzhong.[1]:82 According to previous filing, "Xinjian Weixun" was also associated with Liu Xiang (Chinese: 刘翔),[11]:57 former director (from 2015 to March 2018) and former deputy general manager (Chinese: 副总经理) of Hikvision, current deputy general manager of HIK Group, chairman of sister listed company Phenix Optical (SSE: 600071).[1]:92

The fourth largest shareholder is another private equity fund (Chinese: 新普康投资有限合伙企业) which had a 2.08% stake.[1]:92 The fund was partly owned by Gong's wife Chen Chunmei (Chinese: 陈春梅) and aforementioned Hu Yangzhong.[1]:83 Hu Yangzhong also owned an additional 1.33% stake personally.[1]:82 To sum up, those shareholders owned a combined 65.71% stake. Lastly, Hong Kong Securities Clearing Company owned 9.77%,[1]:82 which was the nominees of the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect and Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect.

Fidelity International is also a major investor in Hikvision.[12]

Market

In June 2019, Hikvision was ranked 800th in the 2019 edition of Forbes Global 2000.[13] As of 16 November 2016, Hikvision was also a constituent of the SZSE 100 Index, a blue chip index of the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, as well as the pan-China indexes CSI 300 Index, FTSE China A50 Index and Hang Seng China 50 Index.[citation needed]

Subsidiaries

As of 31 December 2015
Ezviz office in Hangzhou
Ezviz office in Hangzhou
  • Hikvision USA (100%)
  • HDT International (100%)
  • Prama Hikvision India Private Limited (100.00%)
  • Hikvision Europe B.V. (100%)
  • Hikvision FZE (100%)
  • Hikvision Singapore (100%)
  • Hikvision South Africa (100%)
  • Hikvision Italy (100%)
  • Hikvision do Brasil Comercio de Equipamentos de Segurança (100%)
  • Hikvision Australia (100%)
  • Hikvision International (100%)
  • Hikvision France (100%)
  • Hikvision Iran (100%)
  • Hikvision Spain (100%)
  • ZAO Hikvision (100%)
  • Hikvision UK (100%)
  • Hikvision Poland (100%)
  • Cooperative Hikvision Europe U.A. (100%)
  • Hikvision Canada (100%)
  • OOO Hikvision (100%)
  • Hikvision Korea (100%)
  • Ezviz (100%)

Controversies

Alleged attempts to conceal government ownership

IPVM.com has criticized Hikvision for allegedly obscuring its Chinese government ownership.[14] Jeffrey He, president of Hikvision North America had criticized the online blogger site for allegedly seeking financial gain.[15]

Alan West, in an interview published by The Times (and re-published by The Australian), suggested that Hikvision's ownership raised ethical and security concerns when it came to the usage of Hikvision's products by the British government.[2]

Involvement in Xinjiang re-education camps

In January 2019, the U.S. government began considering whether it should sanction Hikvision, which The Nation described as having "provided thousands of cameras that monitor mosques, schools, and concentration camps in Xinjiang."[16][17]

The U.S. government banned Hikvision from receiving government contracts in August 2019 due to security concerns.[18] In October 2019, Hikvision was formally placed under sanctions by the U.S. government for its role in surveillance of Uyghurs in Xinjiang and of other ethnic and religious minorities in China.[4][19]

In response to the bans and sanctions, Hikvision hired lobbyists including former senator David Vitter.[20]

Notes

  1. ^ See also in the wiktionary for the individual meaning of the character and ; 威視 itself have no meaning other than a compound word that sounds likes vision.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l 2017 Annual Report. Hikvision. 21 April 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via Shenzhen Stock Exchange website.
  2. ^ a b "China funded Hikvision's CCTV with eyes across globe". The Australian. 17 September 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  3. ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (2020-06-24). "Defense Department produces list of Chinese military-linked companies, 20 years after mandate". Axios. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  4. ^ a b Shepardson, David (2019-10-07). "U.S. puts Hikvision, Chinese security bureaus on economic blacklist". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  5. ^ 首次公开发行股票招股说明书摘要 [Prospectus] (PDF) (in Chinese). Hikvision. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2016 – via China Electronics Technology Group website.
  6. ^ "About Hikvision". Bloomberg.
  7. ^ "About Hikvision". Hikvision. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Global Operations". Hikvision. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ "One of China's richest men named in Hikvision securities probe". Reuters. 14 Nov 2019.
  11. ^ 2015年年度报告 [2015 Annual Report] (PDF) (in Chinese). Hikvision. 9 April 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016 – via Shenzhen Stock Exchange.
  12. ^ "Investor defends backing blacklisted Chinese firm". BBC News. 2019-12-23. Retrieved 2019-12-24.
  13. ^ "Hikvision on the Forbes Global 2000 List". Forbes. June 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  14. ^ "Hikvision And The Chinese Government". IPVM. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-10-07.
  15. ^ Karantzoulidis, Steve (2017-02-17). "Hikvision President Chats With SSI About Cybersecurity, Privacy Concerns". www.securitysales.com. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  16. ^ "How the Left Should Respond to Ethnic Cleansing in China". The Nation. 15 January 2019. Archived from the original on 2020-02-17. The United States has considered sanctioning the Chinese surveillance giant Hikvision, which has provided thousands of cameras that monitor mosques, schools, and concentration camps in Xinjiang.
  17. ^ "China Undercover".
  18. ^ Lohr, Steve (7 August 2019). "U.S. Moves to Ban Huawei From Government Contracts". New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2019. The prohibition was mandated by Congress...And it extends to other Chinese companies...including the telecom equipment maker ZTE and Hikvision, which develops facial-recognition technology
  19. ^ "Addition of Certain Entities to the Entity List". Federal Register. 2019-10-09. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  20. ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (October 29, 2019). "What a lobbyist's remarks behind closed doors tell you about Chinese money in Washington". The Washington Post (Opinion). Archived from the original on 2020-02-17. Retrieved October 30, 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 18:19
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