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Here Comes the Sun

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Here Comes the Sun"
Thebeatles here comes the sun.jpg
Cover of the song's sheet music
Song by the Beatles
from the album Abbey Road
PublishedHarrisongs
Released26 September 1969 (1969-09-26)
Recorded7 July – 19 August 1969
StudioEMI, London
GenreFolk-pop[1]
Length3:06
LabelApple
Songwriter(s)George Harrison
Producer(s)George Martin
Audio sample
Music video
"Here Comes The Sun (2019 Mix)" on YouTube

"Here Comes the Sun" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles from their 1969 album Abbey Road. It was written by George Harrison and is one of his best-known compositions for the Beatles. Harrison wrote the song in early 1969 at the country house of his friend Eric Clapton, where Harrison had chosen to play truant for the day to avoid attending a meeting at the Beatles' Apple Corps organisation. The lyrics reflect his relief at the arrival of spring and the temporary respite he was experiencing from the band's business affairs. As of September 2019, it was the most streamed Beatles song in the United Kingdom, with over 50 million plays.

The Beatles recorded "Here Comes the Sun" at London's EMI Studios in the summer of 1969. Led by Harrison's acoustic guitar, the track features Moog synthesizer, which he had introduced to the band's sound after acquiring an early model of the instrument in California. Reflecting the continued influence of Indian classical music on Harrison's writing, the composition includes several time signature changes.

"Here Comes the Sun" has received acclaim from music critics. Combined with his other contribution to Abbey Road, "Something", it gained for Harrison the level of recognition as a songwriter that had previously been reserved for his bandmates John Lennon and Paul McCartney. Harrison played the song during many of his relatively rare live performances as a solo artist, including at the Concert for Bangladesh in 1971 and, with Paul Simon, during his appearance on Saturday Night Live in 1976. Richie Havens and Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel each had hit singles with "Here Comes the Sun" in the 1970s. Nina Simone, George Benson, Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Peter Tosh and Joe Brown are among the many other artists who have covered the song.

Composition

Hurt Wood windmill in Ewhurst, Surrey. Harrison wrote "Here Comes the Sun" in the garden at nearby Hurtwood Edge.
Hurt Wood windmill in Ewhurst, Surrey. Harrison wrote "Here Comes the Sun" in the garden at nearby Hurtwood Edge.

The early months of 1969 were a difficult period for Harrison: he had quit the Beatles temporarily, he was arrested for marijuana possession, and he had his tonsils removed.[2] Writing in Oz magazine at the end of the year, Barry Miles commented on the "isolated life" of the individual Beatles, with "George strangely upset by his bust, uncertain about his friends but singing Hare Krishna."[3]

Harrison wrote "Here Comes the Sun" at the house of his friend Eric Clapton, in response to the dark mood surrounding the Beatles.[4] Harrison states in his autobiography, I, Me, Mine:

"Here Comes the Sun" was written at the time when Apple was getting like school, where we had to go and be businessmen: 'Sign this' and 'sign that.' Anyway, it seems as if winter in England goes on forever, by the time spring comes you really deserve it. So one day I decided I was going to sag off Apple and I went over to Eric Clapton's house. The relief of not having to go see all those dopey accountants was wonderful, and I walked around the garden with one of Eric's acoustic guitars and wrote "Here Comes the Sun".[5]

Clapton's house at the time was Hurtwood Edge, in Ewhurst, Surrey,[6] and he later said the month was possibly April.[7] Data from two meteorological stations in the London area show that April 1969 set a record for sunlight hours for the 1960s. The Greenwich station recorded 189 hours for April, a high that was not beaten until 1984. The Greenwich data also show that February and March were much colder than the norm for the 1960s, which would account for Harrison's reference to a "long, cold, lonely winter".[8] Harrison completed the lyrics for the song in June, while on holiday in Sardinia.[9]

Musical structure

The song is in the key of A major. The main refrain uses a IV (D chord) to V-of-V (B chord–a secondary dominant) progression (the reverse of that used in "Eight Days a Week" and "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band").[10] The melody in the verse and refrain follows the pentatonic scale from E up to C (scale steps 5, 6, 1, 2, 3).[10]

One feature is the increasing syncopation in the vocal parts.[11] Another feature is the guitar flat-picking that embellishes the E7 (V7) chord from 2:03 to 2:11, creating tension for resolution on the tonic A chord at "Little darlin' ".[12] The bridge involves a III-VII-IV-I-V7 triple descending 4th (or Tri-Plagal) progression (with an extra V7) as the vocals move from "Sun" (III or C chord) to "sun" (VII or G chord) to "sun" (IV or D chord) to "comes" (I or A chord) and the additional 4th descent to a V7 (E7) chord.[13] The lyric here ("Sun, sun, sun, here it comes") has been described as taking "on the quality of a meditator's mantra".[14]

The song features 4/4 (in the verse) and a sequence of 11/8 + 4/4 + 7/8 (which can also be transcribed as 11/8 + 15/8) in the bridge, phrasing interludes which Harrison drew from Indian music influences.[10][15] In the second verse (0:59–1:13) the Moog synthesizer doubles the solo guitar line and in the third verse the Moog adds a counter melody an octave above.[11] The last four bars (2:54–3:04) juxtapose the guitar break with a repeat of the bridge.[11]

Recording

Harrison, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr recorded the rhythm track in 13 takes on 7 July 1969.[16] John Lennon did not contribute to the song, as he was recovering from a car crash.[17][18] Towards the end of the session, Harrison spent an hour re-recording his acoustic guitar part. He capoed his guitar on the 7th fret, resulting in the final key of A major (in fact, slightly above A major due to the track being varispeeded by less than a semitone). He also used the same technique on his 1965 song "If I Needed Someone", which shares a similar melodic pattern. The following day he taped his lead vocals, and he and McCartney recorded their backing vocals twice to give a fuller sound.[11]

An early 1970s version of the Moog 3-series synthesizer used on the song
An early 1970s version of the Moog 3-series synthesizer used on the song

A harmonium and handclaps were added on 16 July.[19] Harrison overdubbed an electric guitar run through a Leslie speaker on 6 August, and the orchestral parts (George Martin's score for four violas, four cellos, double bass, two piccolos, two flutes, two alto flutes and two clarinets) were added on 15 August.[11] He also added further acoustic guitar during the 6 and 11 August sessions.[9] The master tapes reveal that Harrison recorded a guitar solo that was not included in the final mix.[20][21]

"Here Comes the Sun" was completed on 19 August with the addition of a Moog synthesizer part.[22][23] After Harrison had used the Moog on his recent experimental album, Electronic Sound, the instrument had been installed at EMI Studios in August, with assistance from Mike Vickers of the band Manfred Mann, and became an important addition to the sound of the Beatles' final recording project.[24][25] In the description of authors Trevor Pinch and Frank Trocco, writing in their book on the history and legacy of the Moog synthesizer, Harrison uses it throughout "Here Comes the Sun", and the instrument's "increasing brilliance of timbre" on the track serves to convey "the sun's increasing brilliance".[26]

The mixing session on 20 August 1969, when the band oversaw the creation of the master tape for Abbey Road, marked the last time that all four Beatles were together in the recording studio.[23][27] At this point, "Here Comes the Sun" was sequenced as the album's opening song.[28]

Release and reception

Abbey Road was released on 26 September 1969[29] with "Here Comes the Sun" sequenced as the first track on side two of the LP.[30] In the context of the late 1960s, according to cultural commentator Steven D. Stark, the song's "promise of a new dawn after a lonely winter caught the wearied sensibility of the counterculture".[31] The song's affirmation of life through the natural occurrence of the sun was in keeping with a contemporary trend, following examples such as "Good Morning Starshine" and "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" from the popular musical Hair.[32] In her review of Abbey Road for Saturday Review magazine, Ellen Sander said that "Here Comes the Sun" was "an awakening, an exaltation of the dawn" and the start of a collection of songs that represented "the [LP's] sun side, suffused with mellowed warmth, woven together with motifs, bridging, reprises, surprises, with all the songs set within one another".[33] Lon Goddard of Record Mirror described it as his "pet track", adding: "Nice string picking backs it as the vocals approach Beach Boys or Vanity Fare. Excellent melody creates one of the best atmospheres present on the record."[34]

Along with "Something", which was issued as a single from the album, the song established Harrison as a composer to match Lennon and McCartney.[35][36][37] According to author Alan Clayson, Harrison's two Abbey Road compositions received "the most widespread syndication" of all the tracks on the album, partly through the number of cover versions they attracted.[38] In Japan, "Here Comes the Sun" was issued on a single in 1970, as the B-side to McCartney's Abbey Road track "Oh! Darling".[39] In 1973, "Here Comes the Sun" and "Something" were included on the double album The Beatles 1967–1970,[40] giving Harrison half the quota of songs representing Abbey Road on the compilation.[41] Although the Beatles never released the track on a single in Britain, new rules implemented to the UK Singles Chart in 2007 allowed any song to enter the charts based on download sales. After the group's back catalogue became available for download on iTunes in 2010, "Here Comes the Sun" charted at number 64 in late November; it returned to the chart in April 2012, peaking at number 58.[42][nb 1] The song reached number 14 on the US Billboard Hot Rock Songs chart in 2017. Two years later, it re-entered the list and became the Beatles' first top-ten hit on the Hot Rock Songs chart.[44]

Writing for Rolling Stone in 2002, Mikal Gilmore likened "Here Comes the Sun" to the McCartney-written "Let It Be" and Lennon's solo hit "Imagine", as Harrison's "graceful anthem of hope amid difficult realities".[45] In the same publication, Greg Kot described it as "simpler, but just as intoxicating [as 'Something']" and said that "Harrison's acoustic-guitar intro is a song in itself, its warmth and fragility presaging the guarded optimism of the lyric."[46] While expressing regret at having underestimated Harrison as a songwriter, Martin described "Here Comes the Sun" as being "in some ways one of the best songs ever written".[47] Harrison was one of the first musicians in the UK to own a Moog synthesizer; although the instrument had been used by many American acts since 1967, author Thom Holmes says that with Abbey Road the Beatles were "one of the first groups to effectively integrate the sounds of the Moog into their music".[48] Pinch and Trocco describe "Here Comes the Sun" as "one of the best known Beatles songs ever" and the album's "Moog pièce de résistance".[49]

In 1994, when BMI published its US radio airplay figures, "Here Comes the Sun" was listed as having been played more than 2 million times.[50] As of late September 2019, it was the most streamed Beatles song in the UK, with over 50 million plays,[51] ahead of "Let It Be" with 26 million.[42] Up to that time, it was also the most downloaded song from Abbey Road.[51] Music journalist Rob Copsey describes the track as a "staple of any summer playlist".[42]

Further releases and Harrison live performances

A man with long dark hair and beard, playing a white guitar
Harrison playing the song at the Prince's Trust Concerts, Wembley Arena, London, June 1987

In August 1971, Harrison performed the song at the Concert for Bangladesh,[52] accompanied by Pete Ham of the Apple group Badfinger.[53] Among reviews of the Concert for Bangladesh live album, Ed Kelleher of Circus described the rendition as "outstanding", while Rolling Stone's Jon Landau cited it as the best example of Harrison's "capacity for pacing and timing" in his organisation of the show, as the low-key performance provided an effective change of mood after Leon Russell's songs and before Bob Dylan's arrival on stage.[54][nb 2]

Harrison played the song during his appearance on Saturday Night Live in November 1976, as a duet with Paul Simon.[56] That same month, Harrison was displeased that EMI included "Here Comes the Sun" and six of his other Beatles songs on the compilation album The Best of George Harrison.[57] With Harrison having signed with Warner Bros. Records, EMI timed the compilation's release to steal sales from his first album for Warner's, Thirty Three & 1/3.[58] Harrison performed the song, backed by a band that included Starr, Jeff Lynne and Elton John, during his brief set at the 1987 Prince's Trust Concerts in London;[59] these shows were Harrison's first in the UK since 1966, aside from his semi-anonymous supporting role on Delaney & Bonnie's 1969 tour with Clapton.[60] A live version from his 1991 Japanese tour with Clapton appeared on Harrison's Live in Japan double album.[61][nb 3]

"Here Comes the Sun" was included on the Beatles' 2006 remix album Love,[63] which was created for the Cirque du Soleil stage show of the same name.[64] This version of the track, created by Martin and his son Giles, incorporates elements from two of Harrison's Indian-style songs with the Beatles. It begins with the tabla part from "Within You Without You"[65] and ends by segueing into a transition piece featuring Indian instrumentation from "The Inner Light".[66]

As part of the fiftieth anniversary re-release of Abbey Road in 2019, a music video was produced to accompany a new stereo remix of the song by Giles Martin. Directed by Alasdair Brotherston and Jock Mooney of Trunk Animation, the video features photographs of the individual Beatles by Linda McCartney, animated to float through Abbey Road Studios, and pictures taken from their final photo session at Lennon's Tittenhurst Park estate in 1969.[67]

Cultural references and legacy

In the early 1970s, "Here Comes the Sun" was adopted by George McGovern in his campaign for the US presidency, the initial success of which, according to author Nicholas Schaffner, was a "triumph for the counterculture's attempt to wield power via conventional electoral politics".[68] In 1977, astronomer and science populariser Carl Sagan attempted to have "Here Comes the Sun" included on a disc of music accompanying the Voyager space mission.[69] Titled the Voyager Golden Record, copies of the disc were put on board both spacecraft in the Voyager program in order to provide any entity that recovered them with a representative sample of human civilization. Writing in his book Murmurs of Earth, Sagan recalls that the Beatles favoured the idea, but "[they] did not own the copyright, and the legal status of the piece seemed too murky to risk."[70] Due to EMI's intervention,[71] when the probes were launched in 1977, the song was not included.[72] Ann Druyan, Sagan's creative director on the project, recalled in 2015: "Yeah, that was one of those cases of having to see the tragedy of our planet. Here's a chance to send a piece of music into the distant future and distant time, and to give it this kind of immortality, and they're worried about money ... we got this telegram [from EMI] saying that it will be $50,000 per record for two records, and the entire Voyager record cost $18,000 to produce."[73] In 1979, Harrison released "Here Comes the Moon" as a lyrical successor to the song.[74]

On the day after Harrison's death in November 2001, fans sang "Here Comes the Sun" at a gathering in Strawberry Fields in New York's Central Park.[75][nb 4] In 2004, Mike Love of the Beach Boys wrote "Pisces Brothers" as a tribute to Harrison and their shared experiences in India,[77] and referenced the song in his closing line "Little darlin', here comes the sun".[78] Love released "Pisces Brothers" in February 2014, to commemorate what would have been Harrison's 71st birthday,[77][79] before including the track on his 2017 album Unleash the Love.[80][nb 5]

"Here Comes the Sun" has appeared in many critics' lists of the Beatles' best recordings. Among these, the NME placed it at number 4 in the magazine's 2015 list of "the 100 Greatest Beatles Songs".[82] In a similar poll compiled by Mojo in 2006, where the song appeared at number 21, Danny Eccleston described it as "perhaps the best song – outside 'Jerusalem' – that religion can claim credit for", adding: "Those who professed surprise at Harrison's immediate elevation to Most Successful Solo Beatle status [in 1970] clearly weren't listening to this."[83] "Here Comes the Sun" appeared at number 28 on Rolling Stone's 2010 list, where the editors commented that together with "Something", "it gave notice that the Beatles now had three formidable composers."[84]

Recalling the song's creation in Martin Scorsese's 2011 documentary George Harrison: Living in the Material World, Clapton said that he himself would never walk around outside playing guitar but "this is what George brought to the situation." Clapton added: "He was just a magical guy and he would show up, get out of the car with his guitar and come in and start playing ... I just watched this thing come to life. I felt very proud that it was my garden that was inspiring it."[7]

In August 2012, the Beatles' recording was played as part of the closing ceremony of the London Olympic Games.[85][86] The performance was accompanied by sixteen dhol drummers and, in sociologist Rodanthi Tzanelli's description, given the struggles that inspired Harrison to write the song, it suitably conveyed the leisure and labour themes of Olympic competition.[86] In July 2016, "Here Comes the Sun" was played as the entrance music for Ivanka Trump at the Republican National Convention. The George Harrison estate complained about the song being used to support Donald Trump's presidential campaign, saying it was "offensive" and contrary to their wishes.[87] The Harrison family later tweeted: "If it had been Beware of Darkness, then we MAY have approved it! #TrumpYourself."[88]

Cover versions

Richie Havens, Nina Simone and other artists from the early 1970s

Richie Havens had the biggest hit of his career with the song.
Richie Havens had the biggest hit of his career with the song.

"Here Comes the Sun" has been recorded by many artists,[89] with the first cover versions appearing soon after the release of Abbey Road.[38] In 1970, Booker T. & the M.G.'s included the song, arranged as a jazz piece with a Moog intro,[90] on their Abbey Road tribute album, McLemore Avenue,[91] as did George Benson on his album The Other Side of Abbey Road.[92] A recording was issued as a single in 1970 by English singer Paul Monday, who later became the glam rock star Gary Glitter.[93][94]

In 1971, Richie Havens' version of the song peaked at number 16 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the US,[95][96] giving him the highest-charting single of his entire career.[97] Following the singer's death in 2013, Wook Kim of Time magazine described the track as a "wonderful mid-tempo interpretation" and included it among Havens' six "essential performances".[98] Among the other most notable covers, according to music critic Richie Unterberger,[89] Nina Simone recorded "Here Comes the Sun" as the title track to her 1971 covers album.[99]

Peter Tosh issued the song as a single in 1972, having recorded it to celebrate Michael Manley's win in the Jamaican general election. Tosh biographer John Masouri writes that, given the singer's frustrations with his Wailers bandmate Bob Marley, Tosh may have identified with Harrison's plight in the Beatles.[100][nb 6] Jon Dennis of The Guardian includes a 1972 recording by Charles Wright – the former leader of the soul/funk Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band – as one of the ten best cover versions of any Beatles song.[102]

Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel

"Here Comes the Sun"
Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel Here Comes the Sun 1976 Single.jpg
Single by Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel
from the album Love's a Prima Donna
B-side"Lay Me Down"
Released30 July 1976 (1976-07-30)
GenrePop, rock
Length2:55
LabelEMI
Songwriter(s)George Harrison
Producer(s)Steve Harley
Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel singles chronology
"White, White Dove"
(1976)
"Here Comes the Sun"
(1976)
"(I Believe) Love's a Prima Donna"
(1976)

In 1976, "Here Comes the Sun" was covered by the British rock band Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel, and released as the lead single from their fifth studio album, Love's a Prima Donna.[103] It was the first cover version that the band had chosen to record.[104] The song peaked at number 10 on the UK Singles Chart,[105] number 7 in Ireland,[106] and number 21 in the Netherlands.[107]

The single's success coincided with an unusually hot British summer[38] and a wave of nostalgia for the Beatles, as EMI was contractually free to promote and repackage their music without the former band members' agreement.[108][109][nb 7] "Here Comes the Sun" was Steve Harley & Cockney Rebel's last UK top 40 hit.[103][105]

Other artists

Sandy Farina covered "Here Comes the Sun" on the George Martin-produced soundtrack[112] to the 1978 film Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.[61] Cover versions have also appeared in feature films such as The Parent Trap – which includes a scene referencing the Abbey Road sleeve photo – I Am Sam, Bee Movie and Imagine That.[113]

On 29 November 2002, Joe Brown performed the song at the Concert for George tribute,[43] which was organised by Clapton and held at the Royal Albert Hall in London.[114] Brown's performance was included on the subsequent live album from the event[115] and in David Leland's concert film.[116]

Further to their 1976 duet on SNL, Paul Simon has often performed "Here Comes the Sun" in concert,[117] as a tribute to Harrison.[118] In September 2014, Simon played it live on the TBS television show Conan as part of the show's "George Harrison Week" initiative.[117][119] He also played it, accompanied by David Crosby and Graham Nash, at the 25th Anniversary Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Concerts in October 2009. Described by Christel Loar of PopMatters as "truly lovely", their version was later issued on DVD, Blu-ray and CD releases from the event.[120]

Personnel

According to Ian MacDonald, the line-up on the Beatles' recording was as follows:[17]

The Beatles

Additional musicians

Charts and certifications

Beatles recording

Weekly charts

Year Chart (2010–2019) Peak
position
2010 Netherlands (Single Top 100)[121] 52
2010 UK Singles Chart[122] 64
2012 UK Singles Chart[123] 58
2016 Portugal (AFP)[124] 96
2016 Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[125] 49
2017 US Billboard Hot Rock Songs[126] 14
2019 US Billboard Hot Rock Songs[127] 3

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[128] Gold 45,000double-dagger
United Kingdom (BPI)[129] Platinum 600,000double-dagger

double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Richie Havens version

Chart (1971) Peak
position
Canadian MLS Singles[130] 6
Canadian RPM 100 Singles[131] 12
US Billboard Hot 100[95] 16
US Cash Box Top 100[132] 15
US Record World Singles Chart[133] 14

Steve Harley version

Chart (1976) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Wallonia)[134] 49
Dutch MegaChart Singles[107] 21
Irish Singles Chart[106] 7
UK Singles Chart[105] 10

Notes

  1. ^ According to author Kenneth Womack, writing in 2014, the song is "consistently the best-selling individual Beatles track on iTunes".[43]
  2. ^ This performance also appears on the 2009 compilation Let It Roll: Songs by George Harrison.[55]
  3. ^ In a 1992 interview, Harrison said he had welcomed the tour, which was only his second as a solo artist, as an opportunity to perform many of his Beatles songs live for the first time. He added that at the relatively few shows he had given since the band's break-up, he "would always have to do 'Here Comes the Sun'".[62]
  4. ^ That same evening, 30 November, Coldplay performed the song in concert in Chicago as their tribute to Harrison.[76]
  5. ^ As a further tribute, Love included "Pisces Brothers" and "Here Comes the Sun" in the set list for the Beach Boys' 2019 concerts.[81]
  6. ^ The track was later included on Tosh's 2004 compilation album Can't Blame the Youth.[101]
  7. ^ At this time, Harrison was upset at the exploitation of the Beatles' story in the musical John, Paul, George, Ringo ... and Bert and had "Here Comes the Sun" and another of his compositions[110] pulled from the production. The song was replaced by McCartney's "Good Day Sunshine".[111]

References

  1. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  2. ^ Rowley 2013, pp. 70–71.
  3. ^ Miles (November 1969). "Abbey Road: The Beatles Come Together". Oz. Available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
  4. ^ The Editors of Rolling Stone 2002, p. 38.
  5. ^ Harrison 2002, p. 144.
  6. ^ Clapton, Eric; Sykes, Christopher Simon (2007). The Autobiography. Arrow Books. p. 112. ISBN 978-00995-05-495. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Harrison 2011, p. 368.
  8. ^ Rowley 2013, pp. 70, 71.
  9. ^ a b Spizer 2003, p. 168.
  10. ^ a b c Pollack, Alan. "Notes on 'Here Comes the Sun'". Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d e Everett 1999, p. 258.
  12. ^ Pedler 2003, p. 10.
  13. ^ Pedler 2003, pp. 249–50.
  14. ^ Everett 1999, p. 257.
  15. ^ Pedler 2003, p. 555.
  16. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 178.
  17. ^ a b MacDonald 2005, p. 356.
  18. ^ Miles 2001, p. 347.
  19. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 180.
  20. ^ "The Beatles 'Here Comes The Sun': Lost Solo Discovered". andpop.com. 2012. Archived from the original on 30 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  21. ^ Michaels, Sean (28 March 2012). "New George Harrison guitar solo uncovered". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
  22. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 190.
  23. ^ a b c Winn 2009, p. 317.
  24. ^ Shea & Rodriguez 2007, p. 179.
  25. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 185.
  26. ^ Pinch & Trocco 2002, p. 126.
  27. ^ Lewisohn 2005, p. 191.
  28. ^ Winn 2009, pp. 317–18.
  29. ^ Miles 2001, p. 354.
  30. ^ Castleman & Podrazik 1976, p. 81.
  31. ^ Stark 2005, p. 261.
  32. ^ Rowley 2013, p. 71.
  33. ^ Sander, Ellen (25 October 1969). "The Beatles: 'Abbey Road'". Saturday Review. p. 69.
  34. ^ Goddard, Lon (27 September 1969). "The Beatles: Abbey Road (Apple Stereo PCS 7088)". Record Mirror. Available at Rock's Backpages (subscription required).
  35. ^ Hertsgaard 1996, pp. 297, 300.
  36. ^ Woffinden 1981, p. 26.
  37. ^ Miles 2001, pp. 355–56.
  38. ^ a b c Clayson 2003, p. 285.
  39. ^ Womack 2014, pp. 385, 690.
  40. ^ Castleman & Podrazik 1976, pp. 123–24.
  41. ^ Spizer 2003, p. 232.
  42. ^ a b c Copsey, Rob (29 September 2019). "The Beatles' Official Top 60 most streamed songs". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  43. ^ a b Womack 2014, p. 386.
  44. ^ Sexton, Paul (10 July 2019). "'Yesterday' Prompts US Chart Revival for Five Beatles Classics". uDiscover Music. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  45. ^ The Editors of Rolling Stone 2002, pp. 38–39.
  46. ^ The Editors of Rolling Stone 2002, p. 187.
  47. ^ Hertsgaard 1996, pp. 299–300.
  48. ^ Holmes 2012, p. 446.
  49. ^ Pinch & Trocco 2002, pp. 125–26.
  50. ^ Huntley 2006, p. 245.
  51. ^ a b Myers, Justin (26 September 2019). "Abbey Road at 50: 13 facts about the Beatles' classic album". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  52. ^ Schaffner 1978, p. 147.
  53. ^ Lavezzoli 2006, p. 192.
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Sources

External links

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