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Henry Wilson Temple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Wilson Temple
Temple during his seminary days
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th district
In office
March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915
Preceded byCharles Matthews
Succeeded byWilliam M. Brown
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th district
In office
November 2, 1915 – March 3, 1923
Preceded byWilliam M. Brown
Succeeded bySamuel Kendall
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 25th district
In office
March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933
Preceded byMilton Shreve
Succeeded byCharles Faddis
Personal details
Born
Henry W. Temple

(1864-03-31)March 31, 1864
Belle Center, Logan County, Ohio
DiedJanuary 11, 1955(1955-01-11) (aged 90)
Washington, Pennsylvania
Resting placeWashington Cemetery
40°09′25″N 80°15′16″W / 40.15690°N 80.25440°W / 40.15690; -80.25440 (Washington Cemetery)
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Lucy Parr
Parents
  • John B. Temple
  • Martha Jameson
Alma mater
  • Geneva College
  • Covenanter Theological Seminary
Occupation
  • Pastor
  • College Professor
ProfessionU.S. Congressman

Henry Wilson Temple (March 31, 1864 – January 11, 1955) was a Progressive and a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Temple was born in Belle Center, Ohio. He graduated from Geneva College in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, in 1883, and from the Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, in 1887. Before his ordination to the ministry, he worked at Reformed Presbyterian congregations in and around Mankato, Kansas. After his ordination, he served as the pastor of churches in Jefferson County, Leechburg, and Washington, Pennsylvania. He worked as professor of political science at Washington and Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania, from 1898 to 1913.

Temple was elected as a Progressive to the Sixty-third Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to succeed himself in 1914. However, he was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-fourth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William Brown, and was reelected to the Sixty-fifth and to the seven succeeding Congresses. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932. He worked as professor of international relations in Washington and Jefferson College from 1933 until his retirement in 1947. He died in Washington, Pennsylvania, and is buried in Washington Cemetery.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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Transcription

After months of travel, you’ve arrived at Duonia, home to the famous temple that’s the destination of your pilgrimage. Entering from the northwest, you pass through the city gates and the welcome center, where you’re given a map and a brochure. The map reveals that the town consists of 16 blocks, formed by five streets that run west to east, intersecting five more that run north to south. You’re standing on the northernmost street facing east, with the two blocks containing the gate and the welcome center behind you. The temple’s only entrance lies at the very southeast corner. It’s not a long walk, but there’s a problem. As you learn from the brochure, Duonia imposes a unique tax on all visitors, which must be paid when they arrive at their destination within the city. The tax begins at zero, increases by two silver for every block you walk east, and doubles for every block you walk south. However, a recent reform to make the tax fairer halves your total bill for every block you walk north and subtracts two silver for every block you walk west. Just passing through the gate and the welcome center means you already owe four silver. As a pilgrim you carry no money and have no way of earning any. What’s more, the rules of your pilgrimage forbid you from walking over any stretch of ground more than once during your journey— though you can cross your own path. Can you figure out a way to reach the temple without owing any tax or walking the same block twice in any direction? Pause here if you want to figure it out for yourself. Answer in: 3 Answer in: 2 Answer in: 1 You look at the map to consider your options. Walking towards the temple always increases the tax, and walking away decreases it, so it seems like you can never reach it without owing silver. But what happens when you walk around a single block? If you start out owing four silver and go clockwise starting east, your tax bill becomes six, then 12, then 10, then five. If you looped again, you’d owe seven, 14, 12, and six. It seems that each clockwise loop leaves you owing one extra silver. What about a counterclockwise loop then? Starting owing four again and going south first, your bill changes to eight, 10, five, and three. Looping again you’d owe six, eight, four, and two. Each counterclockwise loop actually earns you one silver. That’s because any tax doubled, plus two, halved, and minus two, always ends up one smaller than it started. The key here is that while the different taxes for opposite directions may seem to balance each other out, the order in which they’re applied makes a huge difference. You start off owing four silver, so four counterclockwise loops would get you down to zero. Unfortunately, it’s not that simple, since you can’t walk the same block twice. But there’s another way to reduce your bill: walking one large counterclockwise loop through the city. From your starting position, walk three blocks south. You need to leave the southernmost street clear for the final stretch, so continuing counterclockwise means going east. Walk two blocks to the eastern wall and you owe a whopping 36 silver. But now you can start reducing your bill. Three blocks north and one block west cuts it to 2.5. You can’t go west from here —that would leave you with no way out. So you go one block south, and the remaining three blocks west, leaving you with a debt of -1 silver. And since doubling a negative number still gives you a negative number, walking the three blocks to the south wall means the city owes you eight. Fortunately, that’s exactly enough to get you through the final blocks to the temple. As you enter, you realize what you’ve learned from your pilgrimage: sometimes an indirect route is the best way to reach your destination.

Sources

  • United States Congress. "Henry W. Temple (id: T000119)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • "Henry Wilson Temple". U.S. Congressman. Find a Grave. November 29, 2005.
  • The Political Graveyard
  • His biographical sketch in an 1888 church history, page 704

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Matthews
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district

1913–1915
Succeeded by
William Brown1
Preceded by
William Brown2
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district

1915–1923
Succeeded by
Samuel Kendall
Preceded by
Milton Shreve
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district

1923–1933
Succeeded by
Charles Faddis
Notes and references
1. Brown was certified as the winner of the election, but died before he could be seated.
2. As representative-elect.
This page was last edited on 18 April 2019, at 10:01
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