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Henry Grey, 1st Baron Grey of Groby

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Grey, 1st Lord Grey of Groby (1547 – 26 July 1614) was an English landowner, soldier, courtier, magistrate, county administrator, and member of parliament.[1][2]

Among many other roles, he was a member of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen at Arms and Master of the Buckhounds.

Early life

He was the only surviving son of Lord John Grey, son of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and Mary Browne, daughter of Sir Anthony Browne and his first wife, Alice Gage.[3][4] It is believed he was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where a Henry Grey graduated first with a Bachelor of Arts on 1 February 1565, followed by a Master of Arts on 18 June 1568. He was knighted on 11 November 1587.[1][5]

Career

Grey's main ambition was to re-establish his family's position in Leicestershire lost by his father's attainder. Henry succeeded to his father's estate at Pirgo near Havering Essex when aged 17. Five years later he was appointed one of the Queen's Gentlemen Pensioners and was lieutenant of the band – head personal bodyguard – from 1589 to 1603. He attended on the Queen six months of each year. Otherwise based 20 miles away at Pirgo in Essex he filled many local and county duties, was appointed deputy lieutenant of the county from 1586-1590 and was elected knight of the shire (MP) for the county of Essex in 1589.[5] He was made Master of the Buckhounds in 1596.[1]

He had been put on the commission of the peace for Essex about 1569 and in 1600 was described as the county's senior justice. His efforts for Queen and county were recognised and the completion of his court duties noted when another cousin, James I, four days before his coronation, raised him to the peerage on 21 July 1603 as Baron Grey of Groby, Leicestershire.[2]

By this time, 1603, he had managed to reacquire most of his family's estates lost by his father's attainder. Those in Leicestershire centred on Bradgate House in its manor of Groby, a few miles from Leicester. As the new Lord Grey of Groby, aged 58, he took up residence at Bradgate and devoted most of his energies to strengthening his family's position in the County. This included reviving the feud and intense competition between the Greys and the Hastings earls of Huntingdon which had enlivened and divided Leicestershire for much of the early sixteenth century.[1]

Private life

Grey married Anne (1542–1613/14), daughter of William, 2nd Lord Windsor of Bradenham, Buckinghamshire.

Henry and Anne had four sons and two daughters including:

  • Sir John Grey, who married Elizabeth Nevill, died suddenly, in October 1611 in his father's lifetime. Their son Henry Grey succeeded his grandfather as Lord Grey of Groby and was created the first Earl of Stamford;
  • Henry Grey, 'slain in Holland';
  • Ambrose Grey, father of Mary, Lady Wrottesley, wife of Sir Walter Wrottesley, 1st Baronet;[6]
  • George Grey, who left no surviving children;
  • Mary Grey, who married firstly, William Sulyard and secondly, Thomas Steward,[7] the grandson of Augustine Steward of Norwich;[8] and
  • Frances Grey, wife of Sir William Felton of Playford.[7]

Grey died at Bradgate House on 26 July 1614, newly widowed, and was buried in the family chapel there. He was succeeded in the barony by his grandson Henry, who later become the first Earl of Stamford.[1]

Arms

Arms of Grey
Arms of Grey

The arms of the head of the Grey family are blazoned Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux gules.[citation needed]

Sources

  1. ^ a b c d e Cust, Richard. "Grey, Henry, first Baron Grey of Groby (1547–1614)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Burke, John (1833). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. H. Colburn and R. Bentley. p. 475. Retrieved 9 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Douglas Richardson. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families Genealogical Publishing Com, 30 July 2005. pg 392.
  4. ^ Richard Davey. The sisters of Lady Jane Grey and their wicked grandfather E.P. Dutton and co., 1912. pg 199-200.
  5. ^ a b "GREY, Sir Henry (1547-1614), of Pirgo, Essex; later of Groby, Leics". History of Parliament online. Retrieved 16 April 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Foster, Joseph (1902). Some Feudal Coats of Arms and Others: Illustrated with 2,000 Zinco Etchings from the Bayear Tapestry, Greek Vases, Seals, Tiles, Effigies, Brasses and Heralcic Rolls. Some Chart Pedigrees. J. Parker & Company. p. 209. Retrieved 9 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ a b Collins, Arthur (1709). The Peerage of England. p. 184. Retrieved 9 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Rye, Walter; Hervey, William; Cooke, Clarenceux; Raven, John. The visitacion [i.e., visitation] of Norfolk, made and taken by William Hervey, Clarencieux King of Arms, anno 1563, enlarged with another visitacion [sic] made by Clarenceux Cook: with many other descents, and also the vissitation [sic] made. Family History Library.


Court offices
Preceded by
vacant
Master of the Buckhounds
1596–1603
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Tyringham
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Grey of Groby
1603–1614
Succeeded by
Henry Grey
This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 13:10
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