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Henry Bathurst (bishop)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Henry Bathurst

Bishop of Norwich
Bp Henry Bathurst.jpg
DioceseDiocese of Norwich
In office1805–1837
PredecessorCharles Manners-Sutton
SuccessorEdward Stanley
Personal details
Born(1744-10-16)16 October 1744
Brackley, Northamptonshire
Died5 April 1837(1837-04-05) (aged 92)
London
BuriedGreat Malvern Priory
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
SpouseGrace Coote
EducationWinchester College
Alma materNew College, Oxford

Henry Bathurst (16 October 1744 – 5 April 1837) was an English churchman, a prominent Whig and bishop of Norwich.

Life

He was the seventh son of Benjamin Bathurst, younger brother of Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, born at Brackley, Northamptonshire, on 16 October 1744. He was educated at Winchester College, and New College, Oxford. He became rector of Witchingham in Norfolk; in 1775 was made canon of Christ Church, Oxford; and in 1795 prebendary of Durham Cathedral.

In 1805, on the translation of Charles Manners-Sutton to Canterbury, he was consecrated bishop of Norwich. Bathurst died in London, on 5 April 1837, and was buried at Great Malvern. For many he years was considered to be the only "liberal" bishop in the House of Lords, and he supported Catholic emancipation. Bathurst was privately critical of the blood expended by the British in fighting Napoleon and in 1815 he and his son (just appointed his archdeacon at Norwich) attacked the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in France. Like his Norfolk friend Thomas W Coke ("Coke of Holkham") he admired Napoleon as an enlightened ruler and regretted his exile. In 1835, when over ninety years of age, he went to the house to vote in support of Lord Melbourne's government.

Although frequently considered to have been a rather ineffectual diocesan and to have had a lax ordination standard, ordaining men rejected by other bishops, recent work has suggested that he had firm opinions on what made a man fit for ordination and preferred to dealt with applications on a case-by-case basis, instead of applying blanket admission criteria which sometimes excluded deserving and promising candidates.[1]

Family

The bishop married Grace, a daughter of Charles Coote, dean of Kilfenora, and brother of Sir Eyre Coote. The union produced eight sons and three daughters.[2] His eldest son, Henry Bathurst, was fellow of New College, Oxford, became chancellor of the church of Norwich in 1805; held the rectories of Oby (1806), North Creake (1809), and Hollesley (1828); and was appointed archdeacon of Norwich in 1814. He wrote Memoirs of the late Dr. Henry Bathurst, Lord Bishop of Norwich, 1837; he issued in 1842 a supplement, with additional letters of his father, entitled An Easter Offering for the Whigs . . . being a Supplement to the Memoirs of the late Bishop of Norwich, 1842, in which he concentrated criticism on the injustice of the Whig party in refusing to promote his father to a richer see. Archdeacon Bathurst died 10 September 1844.

His second son, Lieut.-Gen. Sir James Bathurst, was a military commander. The bishop's third son, Benjamin Bathurst went missing in 1809 in Germany, and is believed to have been murdered; his elder daughter, Tryphena Bathurst Thistlethwayte, rewrote her father's memoirs from her eldest brother's papers.[3] His youngest daughter Caroline de Crespigny (1797-1861) was a poet and for many years a close confidante of Shelley's cousin and biographer Thomas Medwin.[4]

References

  1. ^ Slinn, Sara (2017). The Education of the Anglican Clergy, 1780-1839. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer. pp. 100–104. ISBN 978-1-78327-175-7.
  2. ^ Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, Volume 43
  3. ^ Thistlethwayte, Tryphena; Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich, Henry (1853). Memoirs and correspondence of Dr. H. Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich. Richard Bentley. p. 40. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  4. ^ Ernest J Lovell, Jr, Captain Medwin; Friend of Byron and Shelley, University of Texas, 1962 pages 303-306

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Bathurst, Henry (1744-1837)". Dictionary of National Biography. 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Charles Manners-Sutton
Bishop of Norwich
1805–1837
Succeeded by
Edward Stanley
This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 10:04
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