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Henry B. Cleaves

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Bradstreet Cleaves
42nd Governor of Maine
In office
January 4, 1893 – January 2, 1897
Preceded byEdwin C. Burleigh
Succeeded byLlewellyn Powers
Attorney General of Maine
In office
GovernorDaniel F. Davis
Preceded byWilliam H. McLellan
Succeeded byOrville D. Baker
Member of the Maine House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born(1840-02-06)February 6, 1840
Bridgton, Maine, U.S.
DiedJune 22, 1912(1912-06-22) (aged 72)
Portland, Maine, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnion Army
Years of service1862 – 1863
RankSecond Lieutenant
Unit23rd Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Henry Bradstreet Cleaves (February 6, 1840 – June 22, 1912) was an American politician and the 43rd Governor of Maine from 1893 to 1897.

Early life

Cleaves was born in Bridgton, Maine on February 6, 1840 to Thomas Cleaves and Sophia Bradstreet Cleaves. He had 4 siblings, including future judge Nathan. He studied at local schools and Bridgton Academy.

American Civil War

Cleaves served during the American Civil War. He enlisted in the summer of 1862, as a private soldier in Company B, 23d Maine Volunteers, under Col. William Wirt Virgin, later a justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine. Cleaves attained the rank of lieutenant by time he was mustered out of service.


After the Civil War, he returned to Bridgton and was involved in his family's farm as well as in the lumber business. In 1868, he began studying law and he was admitted to the bar in September 1869. He had a successful legal career in Portland, Maine.

Cleaves was elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 1876 and again in 1877 as a representative from Portland. He was chosen as chair of the House Judiciary Committee. Leaving the Legislature, he then served as the city solicitor for Portland (1877–1879), and as the Maine Attorney General from 1880 to 1884. At the 1892 Maine Republican Party convention held in Portland, he was unanimously selected as the Party's nominee for governor. He was elected in the September 1892 general election by a popular vote and was sworn in as governor on January 4, 1893.[1] He won the re-election in 1894. During his administration, problems resulting from the national economic depression in 1893 were dealt with. He left office on January 2, 1897.

Cleaves died on June 22, 1912 at the age of 72.


  1. ^ Chase, Henry. Representative Men of Maine: A Collection of Portraits with Biographical Sketches of Residents of the State, who Have Achieved Success ... to which is Added the Portraits and Sketches of All the Governors Since the Formation of the State ... Lakeside Press.
  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988. ISBN 0-313-28093-2

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Edwin C. Burleigh
Republican nominee for Governor of Maine
1892, 1894
Succeeded by
Llewellyn Powers
Legal offices
Preceded by
William H. McLellan
Maine Attorney General
Succeeded by
Orville D. Baker
Political offices
Preceded by
Edwin C. Burleigh
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Llewellyn Powers
This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 14:31
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