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Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie Logo.svg
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie Logo
Purposeresearch institute
Bernd Rech, Jan Lüning (scientific manager), Thomas Frederking (administrative manager)

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie (Helmholtz Center for Materials and Energy, HZB) is part of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres. The institute studies the structure and dynamics of materials and investigates solar cell technology.[1] It also runs the third-generation BESSY II synchrotron in Adlershof.[2] Until the end of 2019 it ran the 10 megawatt BER II nuclear research reactor at the Lise Meitner campus in Wannsee.[3]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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The Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin was created on 1 January 2009 by the merger of Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin (HMI) and Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft für Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY), thus bringing BESSY into the Helmholtz Association.[4]

The Hahn-Meitner-Institut Berlin (HMI), named after Otto Hahn and Lise Meitner, was founded 14 March 1959 in Berlin-Wannsee to operate the BER I research reactor that began operation with 50 kW on 24 July 1958. Research originally focused on radiochemistry. In 1971, the federal government took over a 90% share in the HMI.

The Berliner Elektronenspeicherring-Gesellschaft für Synchrotronstrahlung (BESSY) was founded in 1979. The first synchrotron BESSY I in Berlin-Wilmersdorf began operations in 1982.


  1. ^ HZB: Research highlights
  2. ^ Overview of HZB on the official website
  3. ^ Energie, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin. "Research at the Neutron Source BER II, The end of an era". HZB Website. Retrieved 2021-01-14.
  4. ^ Grünes Licht für die Fusion von HMI und BESSY: Official press release on the decided merger of the HMI and BESSY (German)

External links

This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 06:13
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