To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hekimoğlu

Ali

Portrait of a Grand Vizier (?).jpg
Portrait of Grand Vizier Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha
by Jean-Étienne Liotard
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
15 February 1755 – 18 May 1755
MonarchOsman III
Preceded byÇorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha [tr]
Succeeded byNaili Abdullah Pasha
In office
21 April 1742 – 23 September 1743
MonarchMahmud I
Preceded byNişancı Ahmed Pasha
Succeeded bySeyyid Hasan Pasha
In office
12 March 1732 – 12 August 1735
MonarchMahmud I
Preceded byTopal Osman Pasha
Succeeded byGürcü Ismail Pasha [tr]
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1756–1757
Preceded byBaltacızade Mustafa Pasha
Succeeded bySa'deddin Pasha al-Azm
In office
1740–1741
Preceded bySulayman Pasha al-Azm
Succeeded byHatibzade Yahya Pasha
Personal details
Born1689
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died13 August 1758
Kütahya, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
RelationsHatibzade Yahya Pasha (son-in-law)
OriginsVenetian
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Years of service1722–55
RankSerdar (commander; 1732–33, 1742–43, 1755)
Battles/wars

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (1689 – 13 August 1758) was an Ottoman statesman and military leader who served as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire three times.

Family

His father, Nuh, was a Venetian convert to Islam who worked in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) as a doctor, and his mother Safiye was a Turk. His epithet Hekimoğlu means "son of a physician" in Turkish.

Early years

Ali worked in various districts (and provinces) of the empire like Zile (in modern-day Tokat Province, Turkey), Yeniil (south of modern-day Sivas Province, Turkey), Adana Eyalet (in modern-day Turkey), Aleppo Eyalet (in modern-day Syria) as a provincial governor. He fought during Ottoman–Persian War (1722–27) and captured Tebriz. After the treaty of Hamedan in 1727, he worked in Shahrizor Eyalet (in modern-day Iraq) and Sivas. During the new war against Persia, he was appointed as the commander of the front (Turkish: serdar). He captured Urmia and Tebriz (second time).

He was the father-in-law of Hatibzade Yahya Pasha, who succeeded him as the Ottoman governor of Egypt the first time.

First term as grand vizier

During his first term (12 March 1732 – 12 August 1735), he tried to reform the army by establishing a new artillery corps named Humbaracı (Howitzer). For this task he employed a French convert named Claude Alexandre de Bonneval (later known as Humbaracı Ahmed Pasha). He was suspicious of the embattled Russia and tried to end the war against Persia to free up resources, but his peace policy was met with criticism, and, during a council of war held in the palace, Sultan Mahmud I dismissed him.

After the first term

After his first term, Ali Pasha continued as a provincial governor. He was appointed to Crete (in Greece), Bosnia, Egypt, and parts of Anatolia. In Bosnia, he defeated the Austrians[1] at the Battle of Banja Luka during the Austro-Russian–Turkish War (1735–39) and supported the Grand Vizier İvaz Mehmet Pasha in the siege of Belgrade (1739). In Egypt, he suppressed the uprising of the Mamluks,[2] and his governorship was reported to be largely peaceful and free of insurrections.[3]

Second term as grand vizier

During his second term (21 April 1742 – 23 September 1743), the most important problem was the new war against Persia, still led by Nadir Shah of the Afsharid dynasty. However, the Sultan refused Ali Pasha's campaign plan and dismissed him, accusing him of not taking appropriate measures in the Eastern front.[4]

After the second term

After his second term, he was appointed as provincial governor to Lesbos, Crete, Bosnia, Trikala (in Greece), Ochakiv (in Ukraine), Vidin (in Bulgaria), and Trabzon (in Anatolia) in rapid succession. In Trabzon, he was able to end the chaos created by the local leaders.

Third term as grand vizier

His third term was very short (15 February 1755 – 18 May 1755). The new sultan Osman III was under the influence of the palace courtesans. When Ali Pasha refused to obey the sultan's order to execute a young prince (Turkish: şehzade), the sultan jailed him. He barely escaped being executed by the intercession of the valide sultan (queen mother) Şehsuvar.[5]

After the third term

After being jailed in Kızkulesi (Maiden's Tower) in the Bosphorus, he was first exiled to Mağusa (Famagusta), Cyprus, and then to the island of Rhodes. He was given a pardon in 1756 and appointed as the Ottoman provincial governor to Egypt for the second time. Once again, his governorship was reported to be peaceful.[6] On 17 October 1757, for the fourth time, he was appointed the governor of Anatolia. On 13 August 1758, at the age of about 71, he died in Kütahya of a urinary tract infection.

He is buried in a small monumental tomb near the Hekimoğlu Ali Paşa Mosque at the religious buildings complex that he endowed to be built in the Davutpaşa neighborhood of Istanbul.

See also

References

  1. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt IV, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p. 15
  2. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt IV, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p. 6
  3. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 247.
  4. ^ Ayhan Buz: Osmanlı Sadrazamları,neden Kitap, istanbul,2009,ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 pp 204-205
  5. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt IV, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p. 33
  6. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 308.
Political offices
Preceded by
Topal Osman Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
12 March 1732 – 12 August 1735
Succeeded by
Gürcü Ismail Pasha [tr]
Preceded by
Sulayman Pasha al-Azm
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1740–1741
Succeeded by
Hatibzade Yahya Pasha
Preceded by
Nişancı Ahmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
21 April 1742 – 23 September 1743
Succeeded by
Seyyid Hasan Pasha
Preceded by
Çorlulu Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha [tr]
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
15 February 1755 – 18 May 1755
Succeeded by
Naili Abdullah Pasha
Preceded by
Baltacızade Mustafa Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1756–1757
Succeeded by
Sa'deddin Pasha al-Azm
This page was last edited on 25 May 2018, at 00:17
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.