To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Heathcote, Ilkley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Heathcote's garden front, viewed from the south
Heathcote's garden front, viewed from the south

Heathcote is a Neoclassical style villa in Ilkley, West Yorkshire, England. Designed by architect Edwin Lutyens, it was his first comprehensive use of that style,[1] making it the precursor of his later public buildings in Edwardian Baroque style and those of New Delhi.[2] It was completed in 1908.

In December 2014 English Heritage designated it a Grade I listed building, raising it from the Grade II* designation which it received in 1979.[3] In its new listing for Heathcote, English Heritage called it a "pivotal" building in Lutyens's career, and "an imaginative and inventive essay in Mannerism".[4] The gardens are Grade II listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[5]

House

The north, entrance front
The north, entrance front

In 1906,[2] Lutyens was commissioned by John Thomas Hemingway (1857–1926), a wealthy self-made Bradford wool merchant, and his wife Emma Jane, to replace their existing villa, which was at the lower, southern end of a sloping site,[6] 4 acres (1.6 ha) in extent.[7] Lutyens was given a free rein in the design. He built the new villa at the top of the site, in a size and style intended to dominate the neighbouring villas.[6] Lutyens had already mixed elements of classical architecture into his earlier, vernacular and Neo-Georgian designs, and his correspondence with Herbert Baker displayed a growing enthusiasm for classical architecture.[2] Later, he acknowledged a stylistic debt at Heathcote to the 16th-century Italian architect Michele Sanmicheli. Lutyens has been criticised for using a grand style more suited to a public building than to the Hemingways' dwelling.[6] Lutyens came to call his new style "Wrennaissance", after Christopher Wren.[8]

The southeast pool in 1921
The southeast pool in 1921

The house is built of local ashlar: yellow Guiseley stone decorated with grey stone from Morley,[9] with rustication on the ground floor and on the tall chimneys. The main features of the house and gardens are symmetrical around a north-south axis.[2] English Heritage have identified a compositional influence from the 17th-century French architect François Mansart.[4] The house has a three-storey central block, set back between two flanking two-storey pavilions to east and west, each with an additional one-storey outer wing. Each of these five components has a hip roof,[4] made of red pantiles.[9]

Entry is from King's Road, via a walled entrance court, to a door in the centre of the north elevation. The central hall leads out to a terrace garden giving a view southwards towards Ilkley Moor.[7] The south, garden elevation is more elaborate than the north, with wrought-iron balconies, additional setbacks in the central bay, and Doric pilasters on the flanking pavilions.[2] English Heritage have called the south elevation a "witty reinterpretation" of Michele Sanmicheli's Porta Palio in Verona.[4]

The hall in 1921
The hall in 1921

For the interior design, Lutyens continued the classical theme.[2] The vestibule floor was white marble.[10] The hall had green Siberian marble columns, a black marble staircase and a vivid green carpet. Blue was used for some other surfaces, and for the Lutyens-designed furniture.[11] He also designed star-shaped light fittings.[2] Other interior features designed by Lutyens which remain intact include the fireplaces, cabinets and cupboards.[4]

Emma Jane Hemingway died in the house in 1937.[6] The company NG Bailey used the building as offices from 1958 to 2011. After a planning application to split it into two apartments was unsuccessful, it was converted back into an eight-bedroom house in 2012.[12]

Gardens

The gardens were laid out by Lutyens,[5] with pools and parterres, and retaining walls for the terracing, including that of the central lawn.[7] The Grade I listing of 12 December 2014 combined a number of garden and courtyard features that were individually Grade II* listed, as well as some outbuildings and a pair of cottages fronting onto King's Road.[4]

The planting of the gardens was by garden designer Gertrude Jekyll.[13]

Notes

  1. ^ Gradidge (1981), p. 44.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gradidge (1981), pp. 63–68
  3. ^ "Historic home receives upgrade in grade status". Ilkley Gazette. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Historic England. "Heathcote (1133518)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b Historic England. "Heathcote, Ilkley (park and garden) (1001219)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d Brown (1996), pp. 133–136
  7. ^ a b c Brown (1982), pp. 108–109.
  8. ^ Wilhide (2012), p. 32.
  9. ^ a b Amery (1981), pp. 108–109.
  10. ^ Wilhide (2012), p. 82.
  11. ^ Wilhide (2012), p. 136.
  12. ^ Greaves, Amanda (24 January 2013). "Call to safeguard Ilkley's Heathcote mansion after sale". Ilkley Gazette. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  13. ^ Brown (1982), p. 186.

References

  • Amery, Colin (1981). "Great Houses". Lutyens: The Work of the English Architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944). London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0304-1.
  • Brown, Jane (1982). Gardens of a Golden Afternoon. The Story of a Partnership: Edwin Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0-7139-1440-8.
  • Brown, Jane (1996). Lutyens and the Edwardians. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-85871-4.
  • Gradidge, Roderick (1981). Edwin Lutyens: Architect Laureate. London: George Allen and Unwin. ISBN 0-04-720023-5.
  • Wilhide, Elizabeth (2012). Sir Edwin Lutyens: Designing in the English Tradition. London: National Trust Books. ISBN 9781907892271.

This page was last edited on 14 February 2017, at 10:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.