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Hearst Memorial Mining Building

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hearst Memorial Mining Building
Hearst Mining Building.jpg
Hearst Mining building in 2005
LocationOxford St., Berkeley, California
Coordinates37°52′28″N 122°15′22″W / 37.87444°N 122.25611°W / 37.87444; -122.25611
Area1.4 acres (0.57 ha)
Built1907
ArchitectJohn Galen Howard
Architectural styleClassical Revival
MPSBerkeley, University of California MRA
NRHP reference #82004646[1]
BERKL #152
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMarch 25, 1982
Designated BERKLFebruary 25, 1991[2]

The Hearst Memorial Mining Building at the University of California, Berkeley, is home to the university's Materials Science and Engineering Department, with research and teaching spaces for the subdisciplines of biomaterials; chemical and electrochemical materials; computational materials; electronic, magnetic, and optical materials; and structural materials.[3] The Beaux-Arts-style Classical Revival building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is designated as part of California Historical Landmark #946.[4] It was designed by John Galen Howard, with the assistance of the UC Berkeley-educated architect Julia Morgan and the Dean of the College of Mines at that time, Samuel B. Christy. It was the first building on that campus designed by Howard. Construction began in 1902 as part of the Phoebe Hearst campus development plan. The building was dedicated to the memory of her husband George Hearst, who had been a successful miner.

From 1998 to 2003, the building underwent a massive renovation, expansion, and seismic retrofit, in which a platform was built underneath the building, and a suspension system capable of up to 1 meter lateral travel was installed. To keep the expansion distinct from the historic building, shot peened aluminium (rather than stone) and a more modern design were used in the new construction.

The Lawson Adit - a horizontal mining tunnel - is directly to the east of the building.

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  • ✪ 2018 Baccalaureate Commencement, Berkeley Engineering
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Transcription

(crowd chattering, Pomp and Circumstance playing) - [Marshal] Good afternoon. Please be seated. I am Steven Glaser and I'm honored to serve as Faculty Marshal for today's celebration. We are delighted to have you all here to share this day with our graduates. Today's ceremony is being webcast. If you'd like to share the address, it is engineering-dot-Berkeley-dot-edu-slash-BEgrad18. To anybody who's already tuned in, welcome! To begin the ceremony, I ask you to please stand for the National Anthem, which will be sung by Carl Xavier Cruz Bello, a graduating senior in civil engineering and a member of the UC Men's Octet. ♪ Oh, say can you see. ♪ ♪ By the dawn's early light. ♪ ♪ What so proudly we hailed. ♪ ♪ At the twilight's last gleaming. ♪ ♪ Whose broad stripes and bright stars. ♪ ♪ Through the perilous fight. ♪ ♪ O'er the ramparts we watched. ♪ ♪ Were so gallantly streaming. ♪ ♪ And the rockets red glare. ♪ ♪ The bombs bursting in air. ♪ ♪ Gave proof through the night. ♪ ♪ That our flag was still there. ♪ ♪ Oh say does that star spangled. ♪ ♪ Banner yet wave. ♪ ♪ O'er the land of the free. ♪ ♪ And the home of the brave. ♪ (crowd cheering) - [Marshal] Thank you so much, please be seated. This afternoon's Commencement celebrates the completion of your baccalaureate studies at UC Berkeley, the world's premier public university. This is a tremendous achievement. The College of Engineering remains among the nation's topped ranked engineering programs, public or private. (crowd cheering and applause) This is a special year, because it's the 150th anniversary of the University of California. It's also the 149th annual Commencement of the College of Engineering. We have more than 680 baccalaureate graduates here with us today, considerably more than the 12 students in UC's first graduating class. In 1868 the University began with three colleges. Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts. The latter two are the forerunners of Berkeley Engineering, so as you look to your future, we hope that you also carry with you the pride of our history. Out of respect for all our graduates, I have to ask that everyone please stay through the end of the program. With that, now please join me in welcoming Shankar Sastry, Dean of the College of Engineering. (applause) - Good afternoon graduates! I really look forward to this day the entire academic year. This year's Commencement feels special as I close out my tenure as Dean on this sesquicentennial year. That's 150th year anniversary. I know I speak for all my faculty colleagues in saying how privileged we feel to have played a role in preparing you for this day. We've asked a lot of you and you have stood up to the task. We are proud to send you off as graduates of the best engineering school in the world, Berkeley Engineering! (crowd cheering and applause) The day belongs to our graduates, it also belongs to the families who are with us here today and we congratulate you for supporting the success of our students. Thank you and congratulations! (crowd cheering and applause) Our Berkeley Engineering graduates are truly exceptional. Not only are you dreaming about a better future for all, you are inventing it. As engineers, you take up an idea, and you use your hands, minds, hearts, and a lot of trial and error to create something completely new. Now you're leaving Berkeley ready to navigate and be leaders in our interconnected and interdependent world. We need your talents more than ever. We need your vision, expertise to build a safe and healthy world for our children and grandchildren. We need your understanding of ethics and social justice as we introduce new technologies that carry complex implications for human society. We need you to answer the call of the citizen engineer. Let me send you off with a favorite quote of mine, from the most visionary engineer known to human history, Leonardo da Vinci. He speaks to both the dreamer and the inventor in all of us by saying, "I have been impressed with the urgency of doing." "Knowing is not enough, we must apply." "Being willing is not enough, we must do." Remember wherever you go, you will always be a Berkeley Engineer. Take your responsibilities seriously, stay in touch, and go Bears! (crowd cheering and applause) I'm now pleased to introduce a member of the graduating class who has been given the honor of speaking on behalf of the Class of 2018. Andrew-Ian Gonzales Bullitt graduates today with a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering. Ian's achievements as a student are a great representation of the ideals of the citizen engineer I referenced moments ago. When he's not working in research labs studying biomechanics and bio printing, he is looking for ways to serve. He traveled to Carancas, Peru, to set up a rainwater catchment system as a part of Engineers Without Borders. He has spoken out about the need to increase the representation of students of color in STEM fields, both as a member of the Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos in Engineering and as a senator for the ASUC. This past year he served as the Academic Affairs Vice President for ASUC, advocating for more mental health support of students, among other topics. Ian insists that he never walked across the Berkeley Seal, in his entire four years here. He only pulled one all-nighter while at Berkeley and that was in the basement of Etcheverry Hall. Among the many highlights of Ian's time here is having his photo with a stress-reducing llama at Memorial Glade published a couple weeks ago, you might remember, in The New York Times. I can attest to it because my daughter, a little preschooler was in the background there. Please join me in welcoming our student speaker, Andrew-Ian Gonzales Bullitt! (crowd cheering and applause) - Thank you Dean Sastry. Good afternoon friends, family, esteemed faculty and staff and fellow graduates of the Class of 2018! (crowd cheering and applause) Graduates, we have pushed ourselves past our own limits time and time again. Become some of the most resourceful students on the planet. And learned how to lift ourselves and the people around us through our shared struggles. Class of 2018, give yourselves a round of applause for your kindness, dedication, and resilience. (crowd applause) There have been several moments when we've all stopped to think about what it would feel like in May 2018. How we would change, how our circumstances would change, and what we'd be stepping forth into. We've spent the last four or more years making the engineering library our second home, downing hundreds if not thousands of Yerbe Mattees, Americanos, and Tao bubble milk teas with half sugar and almond milk. And praying for the day when we'd be free from our frankly terrible WiFi source, Air Bears Two. Well, today's that day. But to fully reflect on this moment let's rewind more. To exactly four years ago, when we committed to this university. And how we've changed since then. I can vividly remember the moment I decided to choose UC Berkeley. I was moments from committing to another school solely for my own comfort, when I told my mother this she shared something with me. She reminded me that as an immigrant from the Philippines, with no family in the States, she deprioritized her own comfort to provide a better opportunity for herself and her children to have experiences just like this one, right now. She knew it'd be extremely difficult to move to a small city in Texas, yet she did so unflinchingly and to better support her own family back home. It was then when I fully realized what type of opportunity UC Berkeley was and decided to choose Cal. To my parents in the crowd, who flew in from Texas, you grew up with much less than me, but devoted your lives to my education. Thank you and I love you. (crowd applause) Okay. But, once at Cal we all experienced different levels of mmm, what's the word? Difficulty. A lot of us were awestruck by being here until we got that first email from B Courses saying your midterm one has been graded, click here to view the grade. And we slyly backed up and made sure that none of our friends saw our phone screen while we checked that grade. But our struggles have also been more serious. Through my time as the Vice President of the Associated Students of UC Berkeley, I've seen our engineering students struggle through courses, midterms, the passing of loved ones, unprecedented amounts of hunger and homelessness and the fight for the education of undocumented students and friends who so deserve to be here. (crowd applause) We've overcome seemingly insurmountable challenges to get to this very moment, yet we've never stopped growing and showing that we are resilient. But in this growth there were definitely some memories that only Cal could let me experience. I remember being asked to stay after class by Professor O'Connell, not to talk about my project, but to talk about what it means to be an underrepresented minority in STEM. There was the night when I bought pizza for a homeless woman, named Mama Jude outside of Cafe Strata at midnight and ended up talking to her about her life, her traumas and how she hadn't seen her son in five years. And one time a Kiwi bought one of campuses many tiny autonomous food delivery vehicles started rolling towards me with Xs in its eyes and literally made me jump out of its way before it hit me. AI. But jumping would be the least of my struggles here. As I gave just about all I had to get through Berkeley Engineering. There were times when I wasn't able to handle the rigor of this program and my hope dwindled. This program pushes you and sometimes breaks you. At the end of my junior year, I didn't think I could continue anymore. So I went to my advisor and asked to swap my major to a minor in mechanical engineering and to major in literally just about anything else. Luckily, who can relate? Luckily, I had a problem set to the next day, so I literally just forgot to turn in the forms and one thing led to another, and here I am today about to receive a degree in mechanical engineering, so. Life imitates art. But on a serious note, it was only through the support of my parents, friends, professors, graduate student instructors, advisors, and therapists that I remembered why I chose engineering in the first place. And I learned that the most important lesson in engineering is the need for us to engineer a better and more equitable world. A lot of us will become leaders of cutting edge industries, such as machine learning, cellular manipulation, and now technology. We will walk out of this theater and into the industry, startups, graduate schools, the Peace Corps, the armed services, and more. Let us remember the power we hold as engineers to effect our most vulnerable peoples. Let us produce work for the betterment of our poor and hungry and challenge ideas that engineering is completely separate practice from politics and social welfare. (crowd applause) Thank you. Let us not create meaningless technology, just because we can and let's ask ourselves, are the walls we're building providing shelter or separation? Are the machines we're creating bolstering the employment rate? Or just replacing jobs? And do our ethics and our hearts align with what we're working on? And the powers that control our projects. Let us use our talents to fix our communities and environments and make intentional decisions on the work you pursue and how it will effet the greater society. Let us remember that engineering was embedded in the industrial revolution of the 1870s as a means for more efficient mass production and does not inherently promote equity, justice, or world peace. But also let's not forget that we are the 150th class of Berkeley Engineering. And we encompass the practice that now amalgamates engineering, with social good. But I shouldn't even have to be saying all of this. Because I'm confident we're gonna do all of these things. I've seen clubs like Enable Tech tirelessly work on projects for those with disabilities. I've seen Robotics at Berkeley change their creed for robotics for the social betterment. And I've seen the Cal Solar Tar Team tirelessly prove the effectiveness of solar energy and their many award-winning vehicles. Even at a social level I've seen our many honor societies like Pi Tao Sigma and Tao Betta Pi offer hundreds of free tutoring hours to help their peers. Engineering for Kids and Pioneers for Engineering teach STEM to local community youth. And Engineers Without Borders leave life changing projects abroad. Class of 2018, we must continue to use this kindness, talent, and ambition to ensure that our engineering is truly making the world a better place for the most disadvantaged among us. We are acutely aware of the societal issues we face and the issues that we face personally. We walked into this theater as students, but must walk out as professionals, advocates, and world leaders. So now, Class of 2018, without further ado, it's time for us to engineer a better world through our intelligence, kindness, and degree from the number one public university in the world! Thank you, (foreign language) and Go Bears on three. One, two, three! - [Crowd] Go bears! - Thank you. (crowd cheering and applause) - Thank you Ian, we are very proud of you. I am now delighted to introduce Yoky Matsuoka, a Berkeley Engineering alumna, who will deliver today's Commencement Address. Yoky is the chief technology officer at Nest, a smart-home subsidiary of Google's parent company, Alphabet, and one of the founding members of Google X, the moonshot factory known for ambitious, far out projects like self-driving cars, delivery drones, the AI you talked about, and Google Brain. But before Yoky burst into the tech industry scene, she was making her mark in academia. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at Berkeley Engineering and then headed across the country to MIT for her Masters and Ph.D. degrees. She held faculty positions at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Washington, leading research in health and medical applications for robotics. Her projects have included the use of virtual environments to help stroke patients recover function during physical therapy. And she applied her knowledge of neuroscience, computer science and biomechanics to create sophisticated, lifelike prostetic devices such as a robotic hand with responsive motors and tendons. Her insights and talents in the burgeoning field of neurorobotics earned her a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, called a P CASE, in 2004 and the MacArthur Genius Award in 2007. The MacArthur Foundation cited her work for transforming our understanding of how robotic technology can enhance the mobility of people with disabilities. We are thrilled that Yoky could join us today. Please join me in welcoming Yoky Matsuoka as she delivers the 2018 Commencement Address! (audience applause) - Well, thank you, Dean Sastry. Actually following Andrew's gonna be really, really hard, so let me see what I can do. So, esteemed faculty, proud parents, delighted friends and family, and most importantly, the graduating class of 2018, congratulations, you've made it! (audience applause) Y'know it's a little bit surreal to be right here in the Greek Theater. I was sitting right there 25 years ago. Just like you, fiddling with that weird robe, that I was wearing and then sort of figuring out if it goes from right to left, or left to right kind of thing. And y'know just to put it, 25 years in a context. Pearl Jam and Sting was performing on this stage. Hillary Clinton was just getting settled into the White House. Microsoft was releasing Windows 3.11, which it's 16 bit operating environments. And Soda Hall was a hole on the ground. But Dean Sastry was still teaching. And. (audience laughter) Hey. That's great, I learned a lot from him. But to be honest I can remember that day. I remember looking up at the sky from my seat. And looking at the clouds. And I still remember that color. But you know what, to be honest I can't remember the Commencement speaker. Nothing personal. I was just really thinking about how did I even get here? And maybe a little bit of a hangover, too. Seriously. The truth is, the truth is, I didn't come to Berkeley to study engineering at first. I came here to play tennis. All my life my dream was to become a professional tennis player. And everything I did was geared toward that. So and I actually also went to the qualifying round of Wimbledon. But when injuries prevented me from pursuing my dream my life felt like it just fell upside down and I didn't know what to do. So what I did here at Berkeley is something all failed athletes would do. I decided to major in electrical engineering and computer science. Not being able to pursue tennis as my life felt like a total setback. But you know what looking back now I think it was an unexpected gift. And this was the beginning of my professional journey. And all of that started just from knocking on a professor's door. Just like a lot of things happen around here at Berkeley. I tapped on Professor Ferring's door and explained that I wanted to build a tennis robot for myself. Why tennis robot? Well, because I wanted to have that robot to play tennis with every day for the rest of my life. But at the same time I wanted to have that passion that I had for tennis somehow incorporate into my career and my life. To Professor Ferring's credit, he opened the door, let me in, and listened to my story and he nodded and he said please go to Cory Hall, third floor, to my lab and you can start working. Y'know I didn't know what to do. But that turns out to be the first day of my career in robotics. Unfortunately Professor Ferring couldn't have been here, but I'm extremely thankful for that little gesture that he did for me. Even though I have no idea if he liked my idea or he just wanted to kick me out of his office door. As a tennis player I learned to approach each point with fresh mind. Whether I just hit the incredible shot or totally just embarrassed myself, I had to be able to reset and give everything I had for the next point. And graduates you've just hit an amazing shot you came to Berkeley and you made it your own. You defeated your last finals, or most of you. I had two finals to go at this time, too. And now you're about to embark on careers, career as some of the best educated engineers in the world. And that's really exciting. But you know what? This is just the beginning. You just hit one amazing shot and a ton more to come, for the rest of the match. And as you embark on the rest of the game, I like you to take away three points from what I say. Even if you're worried about how you're gonna get off on the stage, gonna receive the diploma, and not really thinking who's talking, what she's saying, three points, that's all I ask for today. Okay, so first point, let me challenge you to make sure to find that passion. For me that was that robotic tennis buddy. I was so passionate about this. I couldn't even get out of the bed in the morning like just had to go on and do this. And I couldn't go back to sleep, I had to stay up and think about this. Something that I felt so passionate about and I want you to find that passion in the next thing that you do. And that passion, it's okay to change that a little bit. I started with a tennis passion and that led me to build a tennis robot that led me to MIT to pursue my Ph.D. I clocked hours instead of sleeping on building this robot. And it was all about tennis. And on that love. That got me going at first. But then I started to change, I started to love the technology. I started to push the envelope of the science. As well as I started to challenge myself and say how far I could really go. And that was really exciting and I couldn't stop doing that. Well, but turns out building a tennis robot was really hard. At that time the understanding of how to replicate those human movements into robot, was nearly impossible. How can we build a robot if we couldn't even understand how human brain controls our body? So, that actually allowed me to think, well maybe instead of building a robot I should build a computational model of human brain. So that's what I ended up doing for my Ph.D. (audience applause) Thank you. But as I learned how the human brain works, I also realized that when the brain doesn't work perfectly, it is devastating. And that's that realization moment that happened to me. Said, wait, building a tennis robot for myself? How self-serving is that? There's something bigger than that. Maybe there's something I can do for those hundreds of millions of people out there who are having disabilities that make simple, everyday life difficult. So that comes to the point number two. One, two, three, this is the second one. First one was passion. This one is mission. I want you to remember to find something that is bigger than anything else. A personal mission and an inspiring goal, a larger purpose. That mission. In fact, it's right there in engineering schools mission, it's called serving society. And I'm sure you memorized all the engineering school's mission by now, so ace your next serve, you're the best trained engineer embarking on a career that can make not only your life better, but the world around you better and the people around you a little more whole. And of course many of you probably chose engineering for that exact reason. You came here wanting to change the world. Or some people said you know I happen to be good at math and physics, maybe I'll go to engineering for a little longer. Or maybe I like solving hard problems and engineering seems hard enough and then that's kind of exciting. But whatever and wherever you might have come from, pick that big thing, something that's daunting and something you might not win this tennis game. You might not win it. And I can tell you I didn't always win. As a matter of fact, I lost a lot. And that brings me to the third point. Ta-da. So passion, mission, the last point. Don't sweat if you lose some points. Even Serena Williams, who I admire like crazy, lose lots of points in every match. The results of the matches are really the string of points lost and won. And without losing some, you will not be learning anything. My first startup was on stroke rehabilitation robot. That was going to be in people's homes and then do exercises remotely so they didn't have to go to hospital to do this. I was raising kids around then, three kids under four year old, and I was a professor and I was a little busy, but I didn't sleep all night and I just built this company. It was amazing, the robot was really, really good. The idea was great. But you know what? It failed, miserably. Because of something so simple. Around then, people's homes didn't have WiFi. Dun, dun, dun. So there are some houses with WiFi, but the homes that I wanted to go and install robots didn't have WiFi. And my company became all about installing WiFi in people's homes and I was not equipped to do so. So, I lost. I lost this point. I felt like a total loser. Not seeing this very simple thing ahead of time. I cried and moped around and thought maybe I'll just hide for a little while. But I picked up myself. And refocused on my passion and mission. And started the next point very fresh. And you know what? That was really great. It ended up working out all right. That mistake that I made taught me that I need to built the infrastructure for everything that I do, on top of that. I do that for every job I had and every product that I built. So since then I co-founded Google X, helped Nest get started in a garage before Google bought it three and a half years later. As well as worked at Apple. Twice. So I was living what people sometimes call Silicone Valley Dream. But I came to understand that winning points isn't everything. Sometimes you have to choose the matches you want to play. Just a few years ago I had a pretty serious health scare. I'm fine now, but experiencing such an uncertain future made me think everything in a different way. It was a reminder to reconnect to my mission, to make other people whole. To make this world better. And I didn't have time to waste on pointless projects or puffed up titles. And that's what led me back to Nest at Google. Nest's mission is to create a home that takes care of the people inside it and the world around it. Now I ask myself every morning, this is serious, every morning when I wake up, I ask myself this, am I helping people? And if the answer's yes, I keep going. So whatever you end up picking next, you probably won't be working on it 10 years from now. But whatever you end up picking, please make sure that you put everything into it. It's really important that you find your version of this robotic tennis buddy or start up that might fail, or even an idea that will serve society. And don't worry too much about that winning trophy that shiny thing at the end of the road. Because if you worry too much about that winning trophy, you are not gonna get there, because you forgot to play that current point in a way that's gonna allow you to get there. To summarize, three points. If you fell asleep, three points. Ready, passion, find that robotic tennis buddy or whatever it is for you. Number two, mission driven. Serve society, do something amazing. And number three, it's okay to lose some points. As a matter of fact, please take some risks and lose some points, that's the way for you to learn. And along the way don't be afraid to ask some help. Maybe knock on some doors and ask to do something crazy and they might invite you to work in their lab and it might just change your life. Your parents, your professors, and your friends and colleagues in the crowd helped you to get here. Please don't take that for granted. It's time to dust off your rackets, focus your eyes on the ball, and give your best for the next point of your match. And speaking of my robotic tennis buddy, if anything has any ideas of how to build this robot, with an amazing backhand with a top spin, come and see me, I'm still building that. Thank you. (audience applause) - Thank you, Yoky. Hey you know, you said I was teaching this Introduction to Robotics 25 years ago. But I think after your speech I'll do an introduction to brain modeling, just like your Ph.D. thesis, eh? So anyhow, moving on. Many members of the Class of 2018 have been involved in projects supporting the College of Engineering. To show their pride in Berkeley, the seniors have come, have given a class gift to the College to benefit their successors for the years to come. The Class of 2018 Senior Gift Committee is here on stage to present their gift on behalf of the entire graduating class. We've invited Committee Chair Briana Niu to say a few words. (audience applause) - Hello. Graduates, family, friends, esteemed faculty, and staff. Congratulations. Dean Sastry, on behalf of the Berkeley Engineering Senior Class of 2018, we are honored to present this check for $8,556 to the College of Engineering. (audience applause) As we transition to the workforce or further education, we will always remember that these achievements and the many more to come began with our Berkeley Engineering education. From the cherished friends sitting beside us, to the invaluable knowledge, unforgettable experiences that we gained, we will take many elements of the Berkeley community with us, as we venture out to make a difference in the world. So please consider this check an expression of our gratitude for all that Berkeley Engineering has done for us, as well as our commitment to continuing excellence. We are honored to become a part of Berkeley Engineering's 150 year academic and innovative legacy and are proud to help support the many more generations of Berkeley Engineers to come. Thank you Dean Sastry and all of our incredible faculty and staff, for an incredible four years. Best of luck to the Berkeley Engineers following in our footsteps, let's go out there and change the world! Go Bears! (audience applause) - Thank you. And congratulations to the Class of 2018, for a successful Senior Gift campaign. We encourage you to keep supporting your alma mater with your generous gifts once you launch your career. Future generations of Berkeley Engineers will be counting on you. I understand that our seniors engaged in some friendly competition this year, to see which department could reach the highest participation rate, in the Senior Gift that is. We totaled up the numbers just yesterday. The winning department, with 49% of its seniors giving to the campaign is, the Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research. May I ask Department Chair Ken Goldberg to step up to the lectern? Congratulations, here you are. - [Ken] Thank you. - I'd now like to recognize some remarkable members of the Class of 2018. Seated here on stage are recipients of this year's Departmental Citation, an award that recognizes the highest level of achievement in the major. Please stand as I introduce you, and remain standing for a collective round of applause. First one, Tong Zhang, Bioengineering, not here. Alex Sundt, Civil and Environmental Engineering. Yuxiang Yang, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Sinho Chewi, Engineering Science. Tyler Maxey, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research. Skye Phuong Ngo, Materials Science and Engineering, not able to attend. Vatsal Patel, Mechanical Engineering. Zirui Jiang, Nuclear Engineering. And Jacob Bergquist, who is the Outstanding Student Award winner for Operations Research and Management Science. That's the L and S degree. Please join me now in congratulating all of them on their high achievement! (audience applause and cheering) Please be seated. I would now like to recognize the collective accomplishments of the Class of 2018. Every one of you is an exemplar of the Berkeley Engineering mission to educate leaders, to create knowledge, and to serve society. In your studies, you have pursued excellence of the highest order. You have volunteered as mentors to students in K to 12 schools. In labs and the field, you have joined faculty and graduate students to discover new solutions and create innovative technologies. And you have helped build a stronger college community and a better world, by taking on leadership roles in our many student organizations, competition teams, professional societies, and service programs. You know the student societies are just amazing. You may not know and it will be in the papers real soon, that one of these student groups has built a rocket, that's ready to be launched in August. All just in the garages here. I invite the entire class to stand while our family and friends join me in applauding this outstanding cohort of Berkeley Engineers, the Class of 2018. (audience applause) Now I'm going to turn the tables on our graduates. Please remain standing while I take a moment to recognize the families and friends who have walked with you on your journey. Their emotional and financial support and care packages have helped make your education possible. I invite you to express your appreciation to your loved ones by giving a hearty cheer to all your families and friends who are with you today! Go. Wonderful, please be seated. - [Marshal] Today is a special day and many of you will be taking photographs. Please keep the aisles at the side of the stage clear, in consideration of those who are seated. Commencement is a proud day for graduates and their families. It is also a proud moment for the University of California. The degrees conferred by the University attest to the high scholastic achievement of our students and to the fulfillment of the primary task of the University. Today's ceremony recognizes engineers who have earned the degrees Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science. I now invite Dean Shankar Sastry to grant the baccalaureate degrees. - Will the candidates for the degree Bachelor of Arts please rise? In my authority as Dean of the College of Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, I grant you the degree Bachelor of Arts. You can move your tassel from your left to your right. Please be seated. You know there's a separate Commencement for the L and S folks, it's tomorrow I guess, right? Yeah. Will the candidates for the degree Bachelor of Science please rise? In my authority as Dean of the College of Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, I grant you the degree Bachelor of Science. And I now invite everyone to move the tassel on your cap which should be on your right side over to the left. This venerable tradition signifies your new status as a college graduate. Congratulations! Please be seated. - Certificates will be presented by Dean Shankar Sastry, assisted by Executive Associate Dean Phil Kaminsky. We begin with the candidates from our Department of Bioengineering. (audience applause and cheering) - [Fletcher] Dean Sastry, the candidates for degree Bachelor of Science, from the Department of Bioengineering, are: For names of graduates, download the commencement program at engineering.berkeley.edu/begrad18-program Thank you everyone and best wishes to all our graduates. Congratulations again to our class of 2018. You are now and forever Berkeley Engineers and alumni of the finest university in the nation, one of the top engineering schools in the world. Be proud! As you embark on your career or continue your education, you will remember these years at Berkeley with affection. Come back and share your experience and pass on your knowledge to the students that follow you. Participate and active and generous alumni. Stay in touch with each other and with us through the contacts noted in your program. To close our ceremony, please welcome the Cal Jazz Choir, featuring Kirsten Fetah, a bioengineering graduate, as they perform Big C. ♪ California. ♪ ♪ On our rugged Eastern foothills. ♪ ♪ Stands our symbol so bold. ♪ ♪ Big C means to fight and strive. ♪ ♪ And win for blue and gold. ♪ ♪ Golden Bear is ever watching. ♪ ♪ Day by day he growls. ♪ ♪ And when he hears the tread. ♪ ♪ Of lowly Stanford red. ♪ ♪ From his lair he fiercely growls. ♪ ♪ Golden Bear fiercely growls. ♪ ♪ Golden Bear fiercely growls. ♪ ♪ California. ♪ ♪ Daughters and sons of California. ♪ ♪ Fighting for gold and blue. ♪ ♪ Palms of glory we will win. ♪ ♪ For Alma Mater true. ♪ ♪ Stanford's men will soon be routed. ♪ ♪ Over there. ♪ ♪ By our dazzling C. ♪ ♪ And when we serpentine. ♪ ♪ Their red will turn to green. ♪ ♪ In our hour of victory. ♪ ♪ Go. ♪ ♪ Bears. ♪ - Bears on three, bears on three, one, two, three. - [Group] Go Bears! (audience applause) - This concludes our Commencement ceremony. Congratulations, best wishes, and a final Go Bears! (audience applause) (upbeat music)

Contents

History

Construction of the Hearst Memorial Mining Building began in 1902, and the building was completed in 1907, with a dedication ceremony held on August 23 of that year. The $1.065 million construction cost was a gift of Phoebe Apperson Hearst, dedicated to the memory of her late husband, Senator George Hearst, who had made much of his fortune in mining.[5]

When construction began in 1903, the College of Mines, with its 247 students (or 11% of the total student population at the university) was the largest of its kind in the world. The college did not have a dedicated building, and due to the size of the college, the Hearst Memorial Mining Building was chosen as the first building under the Hearst Plan to be constructed.[5]

University architect John Galen Howard designed the building with the assistance of the Dean of the College of Mines, Professor Samuel B. Christy and UC Berkeley-educated architect Julia Morgan. The architects set out to create a building that harmonized classical elements with architectural innovation, building off prior examples of European and American mining building architecture, and staying true to the Beaux-Arts style that defined Howard's vision for the Hearst campus plan.[5] In order to help them realize this vision, Hearst funded a trip for Howard and Christy to visit mining schools throughout the United States and Europe so that they could study standardized architectural forms for mining schools, as libraries and hospitals had realized in their own architectural evolution. Howard and Christy did not find many examples of mining colleges—the majority of the buildings they visited were originally built for other purposes. Howard feared that the scant number examples to study would make his design prone to the mistakes of an architectural form early in its evolution. This problem is what inspired Howard to create an "elastic" design—the building's exterior shell would be built separate from the interior, so that the interior could be modified in the future without having to scrap the shell or compromise the building's strength. Vents and chimneys were also built independent of the shell, as these architectural features were expected to have shorter lifespans than the exterior structure. California Hall, another Howard-designed building on the UC Berkeley campus was also constructed with an "elastic" interior form.[6]

Howard, reflecting upon their work after the construction was complete, said:

We have sought to secure beauty not by easy masquerade and putting on of architectural stuff, but by organic composition, working from within out, and letting the heart of the thing speak ... If the expression be true, no matter how strange it may seem at first, in the end it must be seen to be inevitable.[5]

Exterior design

The roof of the building is tiled, brackets made of timber, and ornamentation is of the classical tradition.[6] The roof tiles are reminiscent of Spanish roofing tiles used in late (post-1790) California mission architecture. As the building's centerpiece, the center vestibule was made notable from the exterior by being made the highest point of the building's facade.[5] Howard unified the exterior facade not by the classical elements of symmetry and hierarchy, but rather filled in voids with ornamental details. Six granite corbel sculptures created by Robert Ingersoll Aitken support the wooden roof brackets. According to Howard, the two male sculptures on the west signified "primal elements", and the two on the east "eternal forces", representative of the character of mining. The two central female sculptures provided a balancing presence, representing "the ideal art, the final flower of life--fresh, mysterious, pure--emerging from the void of chaos".[6]

Interior design

Hearst Mining building interior in 2009
Hearst Mining building interior in 2009

The central entrance vestibule was dedicated to Senator Hearst, and was also to serve as a space for the mining museum. It was designed to recall Henri Labrouste's Reading Room in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (1858–68).[5] The golden oak doors that open into it from the building's exterior were intended to create a dramatic entrance into an equally dramatic, high-ceilinged space where domes 50 feet in the air are covered in buff-toned Guastavino tiles. The columns that support the internal structure are composed of steel beams, and continue through two floors of balconies lined with blue-green cast-iron railings housed upon steel lattice trusses. Construction details such as its bricks are intentionally exposed to communicate a brusk aesthetic. The Guastavino tiles were a proprietary feature to the domed structural system. They were designed by the Valencian architect Rafael Guastavino, who had immigrated to the United States in 1881, earning notability for his work in the Boston Public Library vaults in the 1890s. Howard and the Guastavino Company kept a professional correspondence prior to the construction of the mining building, and Howard hired Guastavino's workers to install the tilework.[6]

A plaque dedicated to George Hearst was placed on the north wall of the entryway, reading:

This building stands as memorial to George Hearst, a plain honest man and good miner. The stature and mould of his life bespoke the pioneers who gave their strength to riskful search in the hard places of the earth. He had warm heart toward his fellow men and his hand was ready to kindly deed. Taking his wealth from the hills he filched from no man's store and lessened no man's opportunity.

The rooms to the south and west of the vestibule were originally administrative offices, including the Office of the Dean. Lecture halls and the museum curator's office were on the south and east sides, respectively. In the central court to the north of the vestibule was the mining laboratory, and on the east and west ends of the laboratory were the metallurgic and research labs, a library, offices and lecture space.[5] The 3-story-tall tower at the north end of the building was used for the crushing of dry ore. Adjacent east of the tower was the copper and lead smelting laboratory, and adjacent west a gold and silver mill.[6]

Symbolism

Howard gave the building a brusk, industrial aesthetic as a complement to the softer aesthetic of the other buildings in the Hearst Plan. Howard referred to the Mining Building as "the kind, bluff brother amid a bevy of lovely sisters".[5] These architectural features were also intended to communicate the function of the building. In an interview with the University of California Magazine in 1902, 5 years before the building's dedication ceremony, Howard reflects:

The aim has been to give expression to the character of a College of Mining Engineering as distinguished from one of Art, Letters, or of Natural Science. The expression of belles-lettres in architecture demands a more purely classic character than that of scientific studies. Such a building as a library, for instance, may without inconsistency rejoice in all the sumptuous glories of Roman architecture or the Renaissance; the tradition of the world leads on naturally enough in this direction. But ... such delicate and highly organized motives find little place in a Mining Building, which demands a treatment, while no less beautiful, much more primitive, less elaborately developed in the matter of detail, less influenced by the extreme classic tradition either as a canon of proportion or as an architectonic schema. The profession of mining has to do with the very body and bone of the earth; its process is a ruthless assault upon the bowels of the world, a contest with the crudest and most rudimentary forces. There is about it something essentially elementary, something primordial; and its expression in architecture must, to be true, have something of the rude, the Cyclopean. The emotion roused must be a sense of power, rather than that of grace ... To produce a design for a Mining Building which shall in all sincerity express its purpose and at the same time harmonize with future buildings quite as sincere in the expression of their purposes--purposes in almost every case of greater amenity--this has been the aim of the architect in approaching his task in its artistic phase.[6]

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "Berkeley Landmarks". Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
  3. ^ About MSE
  4. ^ "University of California, Berkeley Campus". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Partridge, Loren W. John Galen Howard and the Berkeley campus: Beaux-Arts architecture in the Athens of the West. Berkeley Architectural Heritage Association, 1978, pp.22-25
  6. ^ a b c d e f Woodbridge, Sally B. John Galen Howard and the University of California: The Design of a Great Public University Campus. University of California Press, Berkeley, 2002, pp.74-88

External links

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