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Headquarters of the Supreme High Command

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Headquarters of the Supreme High Command
Ставка Верховного Главнокомандования
Red Army Badge.svg
Emblem of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
ActiveJune 23, 1941 – August 3, 1945
CountrySoviet Union
BranchArmed Forces of the Soviet Union
EngagementsGreat Patriotic War

The Headquarters of the Supreme High Command was an extraordinary body of the highest military command, exercising strategic leadership of the Soviet Armed Forces during the Great Patriotic War.

History

On June 23, 1941, the Main Military Council of the Red Army was abolished. On the same day, by the resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union and the Central Committee of the All–Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) No. 825, the Headquarters of the Main Command of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union was established. It included: Semyon Timoshenko (Chairman), Georgy Zhukov, Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Kliment Voroshilov, Semyon Budyonny, Nikolai Kuznetsov.[K 1][1]

On July 10, 1941, by a decree of the State Defense Committee, in connection with the formation of the High Commands of the Troops of the Directions (North–West, West and South–West), it was transformed into the Headquarters of the High Command, Joseph Stalin became the chairman, and Boris Shaposhnikov was introduced to it.

On July 10, 1941, it was renamed into the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command.[2]

On February 17, 1945, by a resolution of the State Defense Committee, the following composition of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command was determined: Joseph Stalin (Supreme Commander–in–Chief), Georgy Zhukov (Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the Soviet Union), Alexander Vasilevsky (Deputy People's Commissar of Defense), Alexey Antonov, Nikolai Bulganin, Nikolai Kuznetsov.

The Headquarters of the Supreme High Command carried out its activities under the leadership of the State Defense Committee.

Throughout the entire war, the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command did not leave Moscow. The members of the Headquarters gathered in Stalin's Kremlin office, but with the start of the bombing of Moscow, it moved from the Kremlin to a small mansion at Kirov Street, 37, with reliable offices and communications. During the bombing, the work moved to the Kirovskaya Metro Station, where an underground strategic center for the management of the Armed Forces was prepared.

In October 1945, the Headquarters of the Supreme Command was abolished.

Composition

June 23 – July 10, 1941 July 10, 1941 – February 17, 1945 February 17 – August 3, 1945
Chairman Semyon Timoshenko Joseph Stalin Joseph Stalin
Composition Joseph Stalin Semyon Timoshenko Alexey Antonov
Georgy Zhukov Georgy Zhukov Georgy Zhukov
Semyon Budyonny Semyon Budyonny Alexander Vasilevsky
Kliment Voroshilov Kliment Voroshilov Nikolay Bulganin
Nikolay Kuznetsov Boris Shaposhnikov Nikolay Kuznetsov
Vyacheslav Molotov Vyacheslav Molotov

Formations

Famous Orders of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command

  • Order of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command No. 270 of August 16, 1941 "On the Responsibility of Servicemen for Surrendering and Leaving Weapons to the Enemy";
  • Order of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command No. 428 of November 17, 1941 "Destroy and Burn to the Ground All the Settlements in the Rear of the German Troops".

Addresses

  • Stalin's office in the Kremlin;
  • First days of the war and until the end of 1941 – Kirov Street, 37 (the former estate of Dokuchaev–Soldatenkov, later there was the reception of the Minister of Defense of the Soviet Union, later the reception of the Minister of Defense of Russia);[3][4][5][6]
  • Since 1942 – the Kremlin.

Throughout the war, the headquarters was located in Moscow. This was of great moral importance. In connection with the threat of enemy air strikes at the beginning of July, it was transferred from the Kremlin to the Kirov Gate area to a small mansion with reliable work space and communications, and a month later, operators of the General Staff were stationed nearby, on the platform of the Kirovskaya metro station – working body of the headquarters.

— Georgy Zhukov

Notes

  1. ^ The first meetings of the Headquarters of the High Command of the Armed Forces in June were held without Stalin. The chairmanship of the People's Commissar of Defense of the Soviet Union, Marshal Semyon Timoshenko, was only nominal. As a member of the General Headquarters, I had to attend only one of these meetings, but it was not difficult to notice that the People's Commissar of Defense was not prepared for the position he held. And the members of the Headquarters too. The functions of each were not clear – there was no provision on the Headquarters. The people who were part of it were not at all going to obey the People's Commissar of Defense. They demanded from him reports, information, even a report on his actions. Semyon Timoshenko and Georgy Zhukov reported on the situation on the land fronts...

Documents

See also

References

  1. ^ Kuznetsov 1969.
  2. ^ Alexander Orlov, Vladimir Georgiev, Natalia Georgieva, Tatiana Sivokhina (2019). History of Russia (Textbook for University Entrants) (2 ed.). Moscow: Limited Liability Company "Prospect". p. 536. ISBN 9785392291526.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Georgy Zhukov. Memories and Reflections. Chapter 11. The Headquarters of the Main Command of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union
  4. ^ June 1941. 10 Days in the Life of Joseph Stalin. Vladimir Karpov. Generalissimo. Book 1. Moscow, "Veche", 2009. Pages 337–338
  5. ^ Julian Tolstov. The Patron's Palace is the Reception Room of the Minister of Defense
  6. ^ Dmitry Andreev. Six Troubles – One Answer. "Red star", December 26, 2006

Sources

  • Alexander Vasilevsky. Life's Work. 4th Edition. Moscow, Publishing House of Political Literature of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1983
  • Team of Authors. The Great Patriotic War (1941–1945): Dictionary–Reference Book / Edited by Mikhail Kiryan – 2nd Edition – Moscow: Publishing House of Political Literature of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1988 – ISBN 5-250-00107-6
  • Military Encyclopedic Dictionary. Moscow, Military Publishing House, 1984
  • Yuri Gorkov. Joseph Stalin and the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command // Military History Journal – 1995 – No. 3 – Pages 20–25
  • Yuri Gorkov. On the History of the Creation of the State Defense Committee and the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command. Based on New Archival Materials // "New and Contemporary History" – 1999 – No. 4 – Pages 17–34
  • Yuri Gorkov. Kremlin. Headquarters. General Base – Tver: RIF LTD, 1995 – 384 Pages
  • Kuznetsov, Nikolay (1969). The Day Before. Military Memoirs. Moscow: Military Publishing House of the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union.

External links

This page was last edited on 9 June 2021, at 10:42
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