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Haynesville, Louisiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Haynesville, Louisiana
Town
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Welcoming to Haynesville: "Gateway to North Louisiana"
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 32°57′40″N 93°08′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishClaiborne
Founded1818
Government
Area
 • Total4.84 sq mi (12.53 km2)
 • Land4.83 sq mi (12.50 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
367 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,327
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,019
 • Density418.19/sq mi (161.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s)318
FIPS code22-33525
Websitehaynesvillela.org

Haynesville is a town in northern Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, United States, located just south of the Arkansas border. The population was 2,327 at the 2010 census.[3]

Haynesville is known as the "Gateway to North Louisiana" and the "Butterfly Capital of Louisiana". Loice Kendrick-Lacy of Haynesville published Gardening To Attract Butterflies: The Beauty And The Beast (2012). Kendrick-Lacy begins with memories of her childhood, when she was introduced to butterflies by her grandmother.[4][5]

History

Haynesville was settled in 1818. The community adopted the name in 1843 from farmer Samuel Haynes of Georgia, who established Old Haynesville some two miles south of the present site of the town. In 1898, the whole town moved north to meet the railroad that was being constructed through the area, now known as the Louisiana and Northwest Railroad.[6]

Modern Haynesville developed during the 1920s petroleum boom in the area, one of the largest in Louisiana. For a time, the population reached twenty thousand.[6] The "old boom town" was constructed in what is called Baucum Spur. It had a hotel, restaurants, and saloons.

In the early 21st century, the Haynesville economy is based on oil production, hunting, fishing, and timber, with considerable logging and pulpwood production in the area.[6]

The town of Haynesville is the namesake of the Haynesville Shale, an upper Jurassic formation that is difficult to define[7] on a technical basis[8] but nevertheless covers a broad region of western Louisiana and east Texas and contains a large natural gas resource[9]. On March 24, 2008, Chesapeake Energy announced a new natural gas discovery in the Haynesville Shale[10]. This announcement began a new chapter in the development of the Hayneville Shale and hastened the activities of several other companies in the play[11].

The town's churches include Baptist, United Methodist, Presbyterian, Missionary Baptist, Pentecostal, and Church of Christ. This part of the state was settled by Protestants from other parts of the South, more than by ethnic French, Louisiana Creole, Italian and Irish Catholics more typically found in the New Orleans area.

Material on the history of Haynesville can be found at the Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum located across from the Claiborne Parish Courthouse in Homer.

Geography

Haynesville is located at 32°57′40″N 93°8′17″W / 32.96111°N 93.13806°W / 32.96111; -93.13806 (32.961132, −93.138091).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2), of which 4.8 square miles (12.5 km2) is land and 0.22% is water.[13]

The most common soil is Eastwood series, which has 3 to 10 inches (76 to 254 mm) of brown very fine sandy loam over 20 inches (510 mm) of red clay.[14] It supports a native forest vegetation of loblolly pine, shortleaf pine, southern red oak, American sweet gum and hickory.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880123
1910663
192090336.2%
19302,541181.4%
19402,418−4.8%
19503,04025.7%
19603,031−0.3%
19703,0550.8%
19803,45413.1%
19902,854−17.4%
20002,679−6.1%
20102,327−13.1%
Est. 20192,019[2]−13.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 2,679 people, 1,087 households, and 709 families residing in the town. The population density was 545.2 people per square mile (210.7/km2). There were 1,247 housing units at an average density of 253.8 per square mile (98.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 49.42% White, 49.76% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,087 households, out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,406, and the median income for a family was $28,295. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $20,278 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,163. About 23.8% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The United States Postal Service operates the Haynesville Post Office.[17]

Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the David Wade Correctional Center in an unincorporated section of Claiborne Parish near Haynesville.[18][19]

Crime

In May 1999, the Haynesville Police Department discovered the skeletal remains of Shannon Capers, a 13-year-old girl who had been missing since March 8, 1997. She was found in the woods behind the Mill Street Apartments on the north side of town. Capers had lived in the apartments. She was known to have been murdered by her boyfriend, a local drug dealer named Maurice Tate.[20]

Education

The Claiborne Parish School Board operates Haynesville Elementary School and Haynesville Junior-Senior High School.[21][22]

The private Claiborne Academy is located in unincorporated Claiborne Parish, near Haynesville.[23]

Notable people

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Haynesville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[24]

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Haynesville town, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  4. ^ Donna LaFleur, "Interview" Loice Kendrick-Lacy", "Authors in Shreveport" feature, 2012, Louisiana Public Broadcasting, at the Louisiana State Exhibit Museum.
  5. ^ "Loice Kendrick-Lacy". media.lpb.org. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Haynesville: Gateway to North Louisiana", Haynesville Official website
  7. ^ Chapman, R.T., (1951), Jurassic Development in the Haynesville Field, Claiborne Parish, Louisiana; Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions. Vol. 1, p. 40., this abstract is hosted in the archives section of the website of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
  8. ^ Horn, Marty, (2009), Toward a Better Definition of Haynesville Formation, Northern Louisiana Subsurface, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Denver, Colorado.
  9. ^ http://www.beg.utexas.edu/research/programs/starr/unconventional-resources/haynesville
  10. ^ https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20080324005847/en/Chesapeake-Announces-Haynesville-Shale-Discovery-New-Unconventional
  11. ^ http://www.inexs.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Haynesville-Study.pdf
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  13. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Haynesville town, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  14. ^ [1][2] Archived April 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location – HAYNESVILLE Archived 2012-06-16 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  18. ^ "David Wade Corr. Center Archived 2011-01-27 at the Wayback Machine." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Retrieved September 14, 2008.
  19. ^ "Inmate wants his privileges restored." The Advocate. January 11, 1990. Retrieved October 2, 2010. "But Mule was transferred to Wade Correctional Center in Haynesville[...]"
  20. ^ "The Guardian-Journal Headlines and News Briefs". kcwd.com. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  21. ^ "Welcome to Haynesville Elementary School Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Claiborne Parish Schools. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  22. ^ "Welcome to Haynesville Jr/Sr School Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Claiborne Parish Schools. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  23. ^ "image007.gif Archived 2011-06-27 at the Wayback Machine." Claiborne Academy. Retrieved October 2, 2010. "6741 Highway 19, Haynesville, LA 71038."
  24. ^ Climate Summary for Haynesville, Louisiana

External links

This page was last edited on 19 August 2020, at 02:47
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