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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hawick
A town landscape

Hawick from the top of the Mote
Hawick is in the Scottish Borders in the south of Scotland
Hawick is in the Scottish Borders in the south of Scotland
Hawick
Location within the Scottish Borders
Area1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
Population13,740 (mid-2016 est.)[3]
• Density7,232/sq mi (2,792/km2)
LanguageEnglish
Southern Scots
OS grid referenceNT505155
• Edinburgh39.7 mi (63.9 km) NNW
• London292 mi (470 km) SSE
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHAWICK
Postcode districtTD9
Dialling code01450
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Websitescotborders.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°25′19″N 2°47′13″W / 55.422°N 2.787°W / 55.422; -2.787

Hawick (/ˈhɔɪk/ (About this soundlisten) HOYK;  Scots: Haaick, Scottish Gaelic: Hamhaig) is a town in the Scottish Borders council area and historic county of Roxburghshire in the east Southern Uplands of Scotland. It is 10 miles (16.1 km) south-west of Jedburgh and 8.9 miles (14.3 km) south-southeast of Selkirk. It is one of the farthest towns from the sea in Scotland, in the heart of Teviotdale, and the biggest town in the former county of Roxburghshire. Hawick's architecture is distinctive in that it has many sandstone buildings with slate roofs. The town is at the confluence of the Slitrig Water with the River Teviot.

Monuments

The west end of the town contains "the Mote", the remains of a Scoto-Norman motte-and-bailey castle. In the centre of the High Street is the Scots baronial style town hall, built in 1886, and the east end has an equestrian statue, known as "the Horse", erected in 1914. Drumlanrig's Tower, now a museum, dates largely from the mid-16th century.

Population
YearPop.±%
197117,251—    
199115,704−9.0%
200114,573−7.2%
201114,294−1.9%
201613,730−3.9%
Source:
[4][5][6]

In 2009 another monument the Turning of the Bull (artist, Angela Hunter, Innerleithen) was unveiled in Hawick. This monument depicts William Rule turning the wild bull as it was charging King Robert the Bruce, thus saving the king's life and beginning the Scottish Clan of Turnbull. A poem written by John Leyden commemorates this historical event. "His arms robust the hardy hunter flung around his bending horns, and upward wrung, with writhing force his neck retorted round, and rolled the panting monster to the ground, crushed, with enormous strength, his bony skull; and courtiers hailed the man who turned the bull."

Economy

Companies: Hawick Cashmere, Hawick Knitwear, Johnstons of Elgin, Lyle & Scott, Peter Scott, Pringle of Scotland, and Scott and Charters, have had and in many cases still have manufacturing plants in Hawick, producing luxury cashmere and merino wool knitwear. The first knitting machine was brought to Hawick in 1771 by John Hardie, building on an existing carpet manufacturing trade. Engineering firm Turnbull and Scott had their headquarters in an Elizabethan-style listed building on Commercial Road before moving to Burnfoot.[7]

In recent times, unemployment has been an issue in Hawick, and the unemployment claimant rate remained ahead of the overall Scottish Borders between 2014 and 2017.[8] The closure of once significant employers, including mills like Peter Scott[9] and Pringle[10] have impacted job availability in the town over the last few decades, and the population has declined partly because of this, at 13,730 in 2016, the lowest level since the 1800s. Despite efforts to improve the economic situation, employment and poverty remain relatively important in the context of the Scottish Borders, with the number of children living in poverty in the town 10% higher than the average for the region in 2017.[11] Developments such as a new central business hub,[12] Aldi supermarket,[13] and distillery,[14] all set for opening in 2018/19, are expected to benefit Hawick. Despite this, continued business closures, for example Homebase[15] and the Original Factory Store in 2018, suggest continued economic decline for the town.

Transport

Hawick lies in the centre of the valley of the Teviot. The A7 EdinburghCarlisle road passes through the town, with main roads also leading to Berwick-upon-Tweed (the A698) and Newcastle upon Tyne (the A6088, which joins the A68 at the Carter Bar, 16 miles (26 km) south-east of Hawick).

The town lost its rail service in 1969, when, as part of the Beeching Axe, the Waverley Route from Carlisle to Edinburgh via Hawick railway station was closed. It was then said to be the farthest large town from a railway station in the United Kingdom,[16] but this changed as a result of the opening of the Borders Railway, which in 2015 reopened part of the former Waverley Route to Tweedbank, near Galashiels. Regular buses serve the railway station at Carlisle, 42 miles (68 km) away. Reconnecting Hawick to the Borders Railway would require reinstatement of a further approximately 17 miles of the former Waverley Route from Hawick to Tweedbank station via Hassendean, St Boswells, and Melrose, and refurbishment of the four-arch Ale Water viaduct[17] near New Belses. Hawick station was on the north bank of the river Teviot, below Wilton Hill Terrace, with a now demolished viaduct (near the Mart Street bridge) carrying the route south towards Carlisle. Waverley Walk[18] in Hawick is a footpath along the former railway route, north-eastward from the former station site near Teviotdale Leisure Centre. A feasibility study is now underway to evaluate the possible reopening of the southern section of the former Waverley railway to link the Borders Railway terminus at Tweedbank through Hawick to Carlisle.

The nearest major airports are at Edinburgh, 57 miles (92 km) away, and Newcastle, 56 miles (90 km) away.

Culture and traditions

The town hosts the annual Common Riding, which combines the annual riding of the boundaries of the town's common land with the commemoration of a victory of local youths over an English raiding party in 1514. In March 2007, this was described by the Rough Guide publication World Party as one of the best parties in the world.[19]

People from Hawick call themselves "Teries", after a traditional song which includes the line "Teribus ye teri odin".

Sports

The town is the home of Hawick Rugby Football Club and a senior football team, Hawick Royal Albert, who currently play in the [[East of Scotland Football League.

The Hawick Baw game was once played here by the 'uppies' and the 'doonies' on the first Monday after the new moon in the month of February.[20] The river of the town formed an important part of the pitch. Although no longer played at Hawick, it is still played at nearby Jedburgh.

Hawick balls

Hawick balls or baws, also known as Hills Balls[21] or taffy rock bools,[22] are a peppermint-flavoured boiled sweet that originated in the town.[23][24] They are particularly associated with rugby commentator Bill McLaren who was known to offer them from a bag that he always carried.[22][25][26][27] They are now produced in Greenock.[23]

Tourism

The Borders Abbeys Way passes through Hawick. A statue of Bill McLaren, the late popular rugby commentator, is in Wilton Lodge Park, to the west of the town centre.[28]

Town twinning

Notable people

"Horn's Hole, Hawick, Scotland", ca. 1890 – 1900.
"Horn's Hole, Hawick, Scotland", ca. 1890 – 1900.
Hawick Town Hall, on High Street by James Campbell Walker.
Hawick Town Hall, on High Street by James Campbell Walker.
A track to the west of Shankend Farm, the twin summits in the distance are the Maiden Paps.
A track to the west of Shankend Farm, the twin summits in the distance are the Maiden Paps.

Arts

Journalism

Science

Sports

Politics and public life

See also

Hawick's villages:

References

  1. ^ An Stòr-dàta Briathrachais, www2.smo.uhi.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
  2. ^ Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots
  3. ^ "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Scotland (United Kingdom): Council Areas & Localities – Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  6. ^ "Plea for Hawick, a town in deep trouble".
  7. ^ "16–20 Commercial Road". British Listed Buildings.
  8. ^ Hawick and Denholm – Overview of Population, Deprivation, Unemployment and Schools. Scottish Borders Council – Corporate Business Management Service. 2017. p. 3.
  9. ^ "Scottish knitwear producer Peter Scott to close". 25 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Jobs blow as Pringle decides to shut Scottish knitwear plant". 30 June 2008.
  11. ^ "Nearly one in three Hawick kids live in poverty". 31 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Hawick business centre plans submitted". 12 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Wait for Hawick's new superstore is over". 19 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Borders Distillery opens to the public in Hawick". BBC News. 1 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Jobs to go as Hawick's Homebase store set to close". 14 August 2018.
  16. ^ Brocklehurst, Steven (27 March 2013). "What was Beeching's worst railway cut?". BBC News. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Geograph:: Disused railway line (C) Walter Baxter".
  18. ^ "Geograph:: Waverley Walk, Hawick (C) Oliver Dixon".
  19. ^ "Guide book praises common riding". BBC. 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  20. ^ "February 2010". Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  21. ^ Herdman, John (22 November 1992). The County of Roxburgh. Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 9780707307206 – via Google Books.
  22. ^ a b Davidson, Alan (22 January 2014). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199677337 – via Google Books.
  23. ^ a b "Hawick Balls". The List. 17 September 2010.
  24. ^ "Dictionary of the Scots Language:: SND :: sndns1968".
  25. ^ Reason, Mark (23 September 2011). "Rugby World Cup 2011: Scotland captain Rory Lawson trying to live up to values of his grandfather Bill McLaren". The Daily Telegraph.
  26. ^ "Final farewell for Bill McLaren". BBC News. 25 January 2010.
  27. ^ "Bill McLaren funeral: hundreds celebrate 'voice of rugby'". The Daily Telegraph. 25 January 2010.
  28. ^ "New bridge honours 'voice of rugby'". BBC News. 7 February 2018.
  29. ^ "Tornado hits Hawick twin town Bailleul". Hawick News. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  30. ^ "Andrew Cranston". Ingleby. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  31. ^ https://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/from-hawick-to-hawick-the-story-of-the-economist-founder-james-wilson-121012001578_1.html

Further reading

  • Murray, James (1870–72, 1873) The Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland, London: Philological Society.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 February 2021, at 00:18
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