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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harold Prince
Harold Smith Prince

(1928-01-30) January 30, 1928 (age 90)
Other namesHal Prince
EducationTimothy Dwight School
Alma materUniversity of Pennsylvania
OccupationTheatrical producer, director
Years active1955–present
Judith Chaplin (m. 1962)

Harold Smith Prince (born January 30, 1928) is an American theatrical producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical productions of the 20th century. He has garnered twenty-one Tony Awards, more than any other individual, including eight for directing, eight for producing the year's Best Musical, two as Best Producer of a Musical, and three special awards.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Harold Prince on The Business
  • ✪ Harold Prince discusses Company & Follies with Andrew Lloyd Webber & audience - 2017
  • ✪ Broadway Legends Toast Hal Prince
  • ✪ RED CARPET CHALLENGE: PRINCE OF BROADWAY with Harold Prince, Carol Burnett and more!
  • ✪ Hal Prince Reflects on Hits, Flops, Luck & Bringing PRINCE OF BROADWAY to the Stage



Life and career

Early years

Prince was born in Manhattan and adopted in childhood by Milton A. Prince, a stockbroker, and Blanche Stern.[1][2] Following his graduation from the Dwight School in New York, he entered the University of Pennsylvania, where he followed a liberal arts curriculum and graduated three years later at age 19. He later served two years with the United States Army in post-World War II Germany.[3]


Prince began work in the theatre as an assistant stage manager to theatrical producer and director George Abbott. Along with Abbott, he co-produced The Pajama Game, which won the 1955 Tony Award for Best Musical. He went on to direct his own productions in 1962 beginning with A Family Affair and hit a series of unsuccessful productions.

He almost gave up musical theater right before he hit success with Cabaret in 1966. 1970 marked the start of his greatest collaboration, with composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim. They had previously worked on West Side Story and at this point decided to embark on their own project. Their association spawned a long string of productions, including Company (1970), Follies (1971), A Little Night Music (1973), Pacific Overtures (1976), and Sweeney Todd (1979). Following Merrily We Roll Along (1981), which was not successful, they parted ways until Bounce (2003).

Prince has directed operas including Ashmedai, Willie Stark, Madame Butterfly, and a revival of Candide. In 1983 Prince staged Turandot for the Vienna State Opera (conductor: Lorin Maazel; with José Carreras, Éva Marton). He directed two of Andrew Lloyd Webber's successes, Evita and The Phantom of the Opera. He was offered the job of directing Cats by Lloyd Webber but turned it down.

Despite creating a number of hugely popular musicals in the late 1970s and early 1980s such as Sweeney Todd and Evita, Prince had his first critical failure with Stephen Sondheim in 1981 with Merrily We Roll Along. Determined to bounce back, he started working on a new musical A Doll's Life with lyricists Betty Comden and Adolph Green that would continue the story of Nora Helmer past what Henrik Ibsen had written in A Doll's House. It was also badly received. Other commercially unsuccessful musicals included Roza and Grind, though his production of The Phantom of the Opera, debuting on Broadway in 1988, eventually became the longest-running show in Broadway history. Prince himself stopped producing and directing concurrently during this period because the process of financing a show had become so difficult.

Prince was the inspiration for John Lithgow's character in Bob Fosse's film All That Jazz. He was also the basis of a character in Richard Bissell's novel Say, Darling, which chronicled Bissell's own experience turning his novel 7½ Cents into The Pajama Game.

On May 20, 2007, he gave the commencement address at Gettysburg College in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. In 2000, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.[4]

In 2006, Prince was awarded a Special Tony Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Theatre. The Harold Prince Theatre at the Annenberg Center of the University of Pennsylvania is named in his honor. In 2008 Prince was the keynote speaker at Elon University's Convocation for Honors celebration.

Prince co-directed, with Susan Stroman, the 2010 musical Paradise Found. The musical features the music of Johann Strauss II as adapted by Jonathan Tunick with lyrics by Ellen Fitzhugh. The book was written by Richard Nelson, based on Joseph Roth’s novel The Tale of the 1002nd Night. The musical premiered at the Menier Chocolate Factory in London on May 19, 2010 and closed on June 26, and starred Mandy Patinkin.[5][6]

A retrospective of his work, titled Prince of Broadway, presented by Umeda Arts Theater, premiered in Tokyo in October 2015.[7] The book was written by David Thompson with additional material and orchestrations by Jason Robert Brown. The revue is co-directed by Susan Stroman and Prince. The revue opened on Broadway in August 2017 at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre.[8][9] Directed by Prince and Stroman (also choreographer), the cast featured Chuck Cooper, Janet Dacal, Bryonha Marie Parham, Emily Skinner, Brandon Uranowitz, Kaley Ann Voorhees, Michael Xavier, Tony Yazbeck, and Karen Ziemba.[10]

Personal life

Prince married Judy Chaplin, daughter of Saul Chaplin, on October 26, 1962. They are parents of Daisy Prince, a director, and Charles Prince, a conductor. Actor Alexander Chaplin, best known as "James Hobert" on Spin City, is Prince's son-in-law.[3]


Stage productions


Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Work Result
1955 Tony Award Best Musical The Pajama Game Won
1956 Damn Yankees Won
1958 West Side Story Nominated
New Girl in Town Nominated
1960 Fiorello! Won
1963 A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum Won
Best Producer of a Musical Won
1964 Best Musical She Loves Me Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
Best Producer of a Musical Nominated
1965 Best Musical Fiddler on the Roof Won
Best Producer of a Musical Won
1967 Best Musical Cabaret Won
Best Direction of a Musical Won
1969 Best Musical Zorba Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
1970 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Company Won
1971 Tony Award Best Musical Won
Best Direction of a Musical Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director Follies Won
1972 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Won
Special Tony Award Fiddler on the Roof Won
1973 Best Musical A Little Night Music Won
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director Won
The Great God Brown Won
1974 Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Candide Won
Special Tony Award Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director Won
The Visit Won
1976 Tony Award Best Musical Pacific Overtures Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Nominated
1977 Tony Award Best Musical Side by Side by Sondheim Nominated
1978 Best Direction of a Musical On the Twentieth Century Nominated
1979 Sweeney Todd Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won
1980 Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Evita Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won
1985 Tony Award Best Musical Grind Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Nominated
1988 The Phantom of the Opera Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won
Cabaret Nominated
1992 Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Director Grandchild of Kings Nominated
1993 Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Kiss of the Spider Woman Nominated
1995 Show Boat Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Won
1999 Tony Award Best Direction of a Musical Parade Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical Nominated
2006 Tony Award Lifetime Achievement Award N/A Won
2007 Drama Desk Award Outstanding Director of a Musical LoveMusik Nominated


  • Prince, Harold, Contradictions: Notes on twenty-six years in the theatre, Dodd, Mead ISBN 0-396-07019-1 (1974 autobiography)
  • Prince, Harold (1993), Grandchild of Kings, Samuel French
  • Hirsch, Foster (1989, rev 2005), Harold Prince and the American Musical Theatre, Applause Books, (with Prince providing extensive interviews and the foreword)
  • Ilson, Carol (1989), Harold Prince: From Pajama Game To Phantom of the Opera And Beyond, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-8357-1961-8
  • Ilson, Carol (2000), Harold Prince: A Director's Journey, Limelight Editions
  • Napoleon, Davi, Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater, Iowa State University Press (Includes a preface by Prince and a full chapter about the production of Candide)
  • Brunet, Daniel; Angel Esquivel Rios, Miguel; and Geraths, Armin (2006), Creating the "New Musical": Harold Prince in Berlin, Peter Lang Publishing
  • Thelen, Lawrence (1999), The Show Makers: Great Directors of the American Musical Theatre, Routledge
  • Guernsey, Otis L. (Editor) (1985), Broadway Song and Story: Playwrights/Lyricists/Composers Discuss Their Hits, Dodd Mead


  1. ^ "Harold Prince Biography". filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
  2. ^ Jacobs, Alexandria (December 1, 2017). "Rolling Merrily Along With Hal Prince". The New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Music Division (November 2005). "Harold Prince Scores, JBP 06-2". The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  4. ^ Lifetime Honors - National Medal of Arts Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Fick, David."PARADISE FOUND at the Menier Chocolate Factory"
  6. ^ "Baldwin, Cullum, Hensley and Kaye Will Join Patinkin for London's 'Paradise Found'" Archived 2010-02-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "PRINCE OF BROADWAY|LINEUP|TOKYU THEATRE Orb". Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  8. ^ Chow, Andrew R."‘Prince of Broadway’ Set for Broadway, Finally" The New York Times, December 7, 2016
  9. ^ Clement, Olivia. " 'Prince of Broadway' Will Open on Broadway This Summer" Playbill, December 7, 2016
  10. ^ Stasio, Marilyn. "Broadway Review: Harold Prince Revue ‘Prince of Broadway’" Variety, August 24, 2017
  11. ^ Collins, Glenn. "Harold Prince Bound For Off Off Broadway, And Happy About It: Harold Prince Happily Bound for Off Off Broadway", The New York Times, February 13, 1992, p. C21

External links

This page was last edited on 26 December 2018, at 15:39
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