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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir Harold Evans
Sir Harold Evans 6 Shankbone 2009 NYC.jpg
Evans in New York City, November 2009
Born
Harold Matthew Evans

(1928-06-28) 28 June 1928 (age 90)
Patricroft, England
NationalityBritish and American
Alma materDurham University
OccupationJournalist, editor in chief
Notable credit(s)
The Sunday Times
The Week Magazine
The Guardian
BBC Radio 4
Spouse(s)
Children5

Sir Harold Matthew Evans (born 28 June 1928) is a British-American journalist and writer who was editor of The Sunday Times from 1967 to 1981.

In 1984 he moved to the United States, where he had leading positions in journalism with U.S. News & World Report, The Atlantic Monthly, and the New York Daily News. In 1986 he founded Condé Nast Traveler. He has written various books on history and journalism, with his The American Century (1998) receiving particular acclaim. In 2000, he retired from leadership positions in journalism to spend more time on his writing. Since 2001, Evans has served as editor-at-large of The Week magazine and, since 2005, he has been a contributor to The Guardian and BBC Radio 4. Evans was invested as a Knight Bachelor in 2004, for services to journalism. On 13 June 2011, Evans was appointed editor-at-large of the Reuters news agency.[3]

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  • ✪ The Real Origin of the Franchise - Sir Harold Evans
  • ✪ How Containerization Shaped the Modern World

Transcription

(Music) Quick! What's common between beef burgers, baseball training and auto mufflers? Tough question. Let's ask it another way. What's the common factor between McDonald's, D-Bat and Meineke? You may know the answer if, along with a Big Mac, you've absorbed a fragment of the romantic story of Ray Kroc. He's the salesman that created what became the world's biggest fast food chain. He did it by making a deal with a couple of men called the McDonalds. Brothers they were, owners of a small restaurant chain, and the deal was, he could use their brand name and their methods. Then he invited small entrepreneurs to open McDonald's, that they'd run as operators, with an ownership state. Very different than the business model where Mom and Pop stores have full ownership, but no similar support. All the examples in my opening question are a franchise operation. Kroc is sometimes credited with inventing franchising, and so is Isaac Singer, the sewing machine magnate. Not so. The real genesis of franchising was not in stitches or beef, it was in beauty. Martha Matilda Harper was a Canadian-born maid. She made the beds, cleaned house, did the shopping. In the employment of a doctor's family in Ontario, she acquired a secret formula for shampoo, one more scientifically based than the quackeries advertized every day in the newspapers. The kindly doctor also taught the maturing young woman the elements of physiology. Martha had a secret ambition to go along with the secret formula: a determination to run her own business. By 1888, serving as a maid in Rochester, New York, she saved enough money -- 360 dollars -- to think of opening a public hairdressing salon. But before she could realize her dream, two blows fell. She became sick, and collapsed from exhaustion. Mrs. Helen Smith, a healing practitioner of the Christian Science faith, was summoned to her bedside. The two women prayed, and Martha recovered. No sooner was she better then she was told, "Oh no, you can't rent the place you've eyed." You see, her venture was to be the first public hairdressing salon. A woman in business was shocking enough then. Only 17 percent of the workforce in 1890 was female, but a woman carrying out hairdressing and skincare in a public place? Why, it was sure to invite a scandal. Martha spent some of her savings on a lawyer, and won her case. She proudly displayed on the door of her new her salon a photograph of the barely five-foot Martha as Rapunzel, with hair down to her feet, but glowing with good health. Her sickness, too, had proved a boon. Her ambition was now propelled by Christian Science values. The Harper Method, as she came to call her services, was as much about servicing the soul as it was about cutting hair. In the therapeutic serenity of her salon, she taught that every person could glow with the kind of beauty she had, if spiritually whole and physically obedient to what she called "the laws of cleanliness, nourishment, exercise and breathing." She was very practical about it. She even designed the first reclining shampoo chair, though she neglected to patent the invention. Martha's salon was a huge success. Celebrities came from out of town to experience the Harper Method. They enjoyed the service so much that they urged her to set up a salon in their cities. And this is where Martha's ethical sense inspired her crowning innovation. Instead of commissioning agents, as other innovators had done, from 1891, she installed working-class women just like herself in salons exactly like hers, dedicated to her philosophy and her products. But these new employees were not provided a salary by Martha. The women in what became a satellite network of 500 salons in America, and then Europe and Central America and Asia, actually owned the Harper's Salons. What was good enough in the nineteenth century for suffragette campaigners like Susan B. Anthony and was good enough in the twentieth century for Woodrow Wilson, Calvin and Grace Coolidge, Jacqueline Kennedy, Helen Hayes and Ladybird Johnson must be good enough for the rest of the world. Today, only the Harper Method Founder's Shop remains in Rochester, New York, but Martha's legacy is manifold. Her health and beauty treatments have been copied, and her business model is dominant. In fact, half of retail sales in America are through Martha Harper's franchising idea. So the next time you enjoy a McDonald's hamburger or a good night's rest at a Days Inn, think of Martha. Because these franchises might not be the same without her inventing the model, over a century ago.

Contents

Early life and education

Evans was born at 39 Renshaw Street, Patricroft, Eccles, to Welsh parents, whom he described in his 2009 memoir as "the self-consciously respectable working class".[4]

Early career

Evans began his career as a reporter for a weekly newspaper in Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, at 16 years old. After completing his national service in the Royal Air Force, he entered Durham University, after contacting every one of the fourteen universities in Great Britain at the time.[4] There, he edited the university newspaper, Palatinate. He became an assistant editor of the Manchester Evening News and won a Harkness Fellowship in 1956–57 for travel and study in the United States. Nicholas Lemann noted that he "joined a long line of British journalists" who did similar studies, from Alistair Cooke to Andrew Sullivan.[4] Evans began to gain a reputation on his return from the United States when he was appointed editor of the regional daily The Northern Echo.

The Sunday Times

One report was about the plight of hundreds of British children who suffered birth defects due to thalidomide. They had never received compensation from the drug manufacturers. He organized a campaign by the newspaper's Insight investigative team, and Evans took on the drug companies responsible for the manufacture of thalidomide, pursuing them through the English courts and eventually gaining victory in the European Court of Human Rights. As a result, the victims' families won compensation after more than a decade. Moreover, the British Government was compelled to change the law inhibiting the reporting of civil cases. Other investigative reports included the exposure of Kim Philby as a Soviet spy and the publication of the diaries of former Labour Minister Richard Crossman, for which he risked prosecution under the Official Secrets Act.

When Rupert Murdoch acquired Times Newspapers Limited in 1981, he appointed Evans as editor of The Times. He remained with the paper only a year, during which time The Times was critical of Margaret Thatcher. Over 50 journalists resigned in the first six months of Murdoch's takeover, a number of them known to dislike Evans. In March 1982, a group of Times journalists called for Evans to resign, despite the paper's increase in circulation, claiming that he had overseen an "erosion of editorial standards".[5] Evans resigned shortly afterwards, citing policy differences with Murdoch relating to editorial independence. Evans wrote an account in a book entitled Good Times, Bad Times (1984). On leaving The Times, Evans became director of Goldcrest Films and Television.

Marriages

Evans married fellow Durham graduate Enid Parker in 1953. In 1973, Evans met Tina Brown, a journalist 25 years his junior. In 1974 she was given freelance assignments with The Sunday Times in the UK, and in the US by its colour magazine.[6] When a sexual affair emerged between the married Evans and Brown, she resigned and joined the rival The Sunday Telegraph.[7] In 1978 Evans divorced Enid, and on 20 August 1981 Evans and Brown were married at Grey Gardens, in East Hampton, New York, the home of Ben Bradlee, then The Washington Post executive editor, and Sally Quinn.[6]

Move to the United States

In 1984, Evans moved to the United States, where he taught at Duke University. He was subsequently appointed editor-in-chief of The Atlantic Monthly Press and became editorial director of U.S. News & World Report. In 1986 he was the founding editor of Conde Nast Traveler, dedicated to "truth in travel". Evans was appointed president and publisher of Random House trade group from 1990 to 1997. Evans edited many authors including William Styron, Calvin Trillin, Neil Sheehan, Gail Sheehy, Edmund Morris, Shelby Foote, Maya Angelou and Shana Alexander.[8] Gail Sheehy described working with Evans and how he was famous for his cryptic comments penciled on the manuscript, "We know this."[8]

Evans was editorial director and vice chairman of U.S. News & World Report, the New York Daily News, and The Atlantic Monthly from 1997 to January 2000, when he resigned. His work The American Century won critical acclaim when it was published in 1998. The sequel, They Made America (2004), described the lives of some of the country's most important inventors and innovators. Fortune characterized it as one of the best books in the 75 years of that magazine's publication. The book was adapted as a four-part television mini-series that same year and as a National Public Radio special in the USA in 2005.

Evans became a naturalized United States citizen in 1993.[9] On 13 June 2011, he became editor-at-large at Reuters.[10]

Honours

Works

Radio and television programmes

Bibliography

  • Editing and Design: A Five-Volume Manual of English, Typography and Layout (1972) ISBN 0-434-90550-X
  • Essential English for Journalists, Editors and Writers (1972) ISBN 0-7126-6447-5
  • Newspaper Design (1973) ISBN 0-434-90554-2
  • Editing and Design (1974) ISBN 0-434-90552-6
  • Handling Newspaper Text (1974) ISBN 0-03-012041-1
  • News Headlines (1974) ISBN 0-03-007501-7
  • Front Page History: Events of Our Century That Shook the World (1984) ISBN 0-88162-051-3
  • Good Times, Bad Times (1984) ISBN 0-689-11465-6 Also earlier edition of Good Times, Bad Times. Includes sections of black-and-white photographic plates, plus a few charts and diagrams in text pages[14]
  • Editing and Design: Book 2: Handling Newspaper Text (1986) ISBN 0-434-90548-8
  • Assignments: The Press Photographers' Association Yearbook (Assignments) (1988) by Harold Evans (commentary), Anna Tait (editor) ISBN 0-7148-2501-8
  • Makers of Photographic History (1990) ISBN 0-948489-09-X
  • Eyewitness 2: 3 Decades Through World Press Photos (1992) ISBN 0-907621-55-4
  • Pictures on a Page: Photo-Journalism, Graphics and Picture Editing (1997) ISBN 0-7126-7388-1
  • The American Century (1998) ISBN 0-679-41070-8
  • War of Words: Memoirs of a South African Journalist (2000) by Benjamin Pogrund, Harold Evans ISBN 1-888363-71-1
  • Shots in the Dark: True Crime Pictures (2001) by Gail Buckland, Harold Evans ISBN 0-8212-2775-0
  • The Best American Magazine Writing 2001 (2001) Harold Evans (editor) ISBN 1-58648-088-X
  • The BBC Reports: On America, Its Allies and Enemies, and the Counterattack on Terrorism (2002) ISBN 1-58567-299-8
  • Best American Magazine Writing 2002 (2002) ISBN 1-58648-137-1
  • War Stories: Reporting in the Time of Conflict from the Crimea to Iraq (2003) ISBN 1-59373-005-5
  • Evans, Harold; Buckland, Gail; Lefer, David (2004). They Made America: From the Steam Engine to the Search Engine: Two Centuries of Innovators. Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-27766-2, 0-316-27766-5}}
  • We the People (2007) ISBN 0-316-27717-7
  • My Paper Chase: True Stories of Vanished Times (2009) ISBN 978-0-316-03142-4
  • Do I Make Myself Clear?: Why Writing Well Matters, New York: Back Bay Books, 2018, ISBN 978-0-316-27717-4

Footnotes

  1. ^ Emma Youle (14 June 2013), "Obituary: Distinguished Highgate teacher and magistrate Enid Evans dies after a long illness, Ham & High.
  2. ^ Robert Chalmers (12 June 2010), "Harold Evans: 'All I tried to do was shed a little light'", The Independent.
  3. ^ "Sir Harold Evans Appointed Reuters Editor-at-Large". Reuters. 13 June 2011. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Nicholas Lemann, "The Power and the Glory", The New Yorker, 7 December 2009, accessed 3 January 2013
  5. ^ Temple, Mick (2008). The British Press. McGraw-Hill International. p. 67. ISBN 9780335222971.
  6. ^ a b Evans, Harold (2010). My Paper Chase: True Stories of Vanished Times. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-03142-4.
  7. ^ Dempster, Nick (4 October 1979). "Tina Brown: How She Tore Her Way to the Top". Daily Mail. p. 7.
  8. ^ a b Sheehy, Gail. Daring: my passages : a memoir (First ed.). New York. ISBN 9780062291691. OCLC 889426603.
  9. ^ Embedded RealPlayer file BBC News "UK Journalist legend calls it a day", BBC News, 22 October 1999
  10. ^ Sir Harold Evans Appointed Reuters Editor-at-Large Archived 22 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Erin Kurtz, Reuters, 13 June 2011
  11. ^ Michael Kudlak, IPI World Press Freedom Heroes: Harold Evans Archived 25 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine., IPI Report, June 2000
  12. ^ United Kingdom: "No. 57155". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 31 December 2003. p. 2.
  13. ^ "Sir Harold Evans and David Goldblatt recognised by Kraszna-Krausz Book Awards | First Book Award shortlist announced". National Media Museum. 1 March 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  14. ^ Detail from a copy of Good Times, Bad Times, first published by Weidenfeld and Nicolson London in 1983 with an ISBN 0-297-78295-9

External links

Interviews
Media offices
Preceded by
Denis Hamilton
Editor of The Sunday Times
1967–1981
Succeeded by
Frank Giles
Preceded by
William Rees-Mogg
Editor of The Times
1981–1982
Succeeded by
Charles Douglas-Home
This page was last edited on 11 December 2018, at 01:09
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