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Halton, Runcorn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of the ruins of Halton Castle
Part of the ruins of Halton Castle

Halton, formerly a separate village, is now part of the town of Runcorn, Cheshire, England. The name Halton has been assumed by the Borough of Halton, which includes Runcorn, Widnes and some outlying parishes.

History

Halton Castle in 1727. Engraving by the Buck brothers
Halton Castle in 1727. Engraving by the Buck brothers

There is evidence of human occupation in the Stone Age and during the Roman era.[1] The village[2] is recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) in the hundred of Tunendune[3] and towards the end of the 11th century the first castle, which became the seat of the Barons of Halton, was built on the hill.[4] The Tunendune hundred court was absorbed into Bucklow hundred by 1260 so government statistics for Halton over many later centuries are indexed by Bucklow hundred.

During the medieval period a deer park measuring 100 acres (40 ha) lay to the south and the west of the village. At this time Halton had a weekly market and annual fair.[5] The village held a court leet and the castle was used as a prison.[6] During the Civil War the castle was held by the Royalists and twice besieged by Parliamentary forces. Following this the castle fell into ruin.[7] The importance of Halton declined with the coming of the Industrial Revolution and the development of the chemical and other industries in Runcorn.[8]

Geography

The village stands in an elevated position at 240 feet (73 m) compared with the surrounding area which lies at about 100 feet (30 m). At its centre is an outcrop of sandstone which rises to a height of 252.6 feet (77 m).[9] On the summit of the outcrop are the ruins of Halton Castle. The major road, Main Street, passes below the castle, to its west and south, and Castle Road leads up to the castle.

Demography

Population statistics were recorded separately for the parish of Halton until the village was incorporated into its larger neighbour under the Runcorn New Town (Designation) Order 1964.

The population of Halton Village in 1664 has been estimated as 375.[10]

Population growth of Halton Village since 1801[10][11]
1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961
628 894 1,066 1,322 1,397 1,570 1,505 1,620 1,439 1,555 1,238 1,294 1,508 1,694 1,490 1,467

Today

Halton Trinity Methodist Church
Halton Trinity Methodist Church

The village is now entirely residential. It is surrounded to the west and north by the estates of Runcorn New Town. To the south is Halton Lea, a shopping mall, and other retail and entertainment outlets. To the east is Town Park. The castle is a Grade I listed building and a scheduled ancient monument, and there are a number of other listed buildings in the village. There are two public houses, the Castle Hotel, which is incorporated into the structure of the castle and which contains the former courthouse, and the Norton Arms. In the village are two active churches, the Anglican Church of St Mary and Trinity Methodist Church. The Village has a Millennium Green, one of a series of 245 charity-run public Greenspaces created at the Turn of the Millennium.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 1–4.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Domesday Map Online: Halton
  3. ^ Domesday Map Online: Tunendune Hundred
  4. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 7–8.
  5. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 19–21.
  6. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 25–28.
  7. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 57–58.
  8. ^ Starkey 1990, pp. 147ff.
  9. ^ Height, EarthTools, archived from the original on 1 April 2012, retrieved 6 November 2008
  10. ^ a b "Cheshire Historic Towns Survey - Runcorn and Halton Archaeological Assessment" (PDF). Cheshire County Council and English Heritage. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Halton Ch/CP through time - Population Statistics". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 13 July 2020.

Bibliography

  • Starkey, H. F. (1990), Old Runcorn, Halton: Halton Borough Council

This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:51
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