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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Halsall
Halsall, June 2008.jpg

St Cuthbert's Church and Halsall War Memorial
Halsall is located in the Borough of West Lancashire
Halsall
Halsall
Location in West Lancashire
Halsall is located in Lancashire
Halsall
Halsall
Location within Lancashire
Population2,057 (2011)
OS grid referenceSD369101
Civil parish
  • Halsall
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOrmskirk
Postcode districtL39
Dialling code01704
PoliceLancashire
FireLancashire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°35′02″N 2°57′11″W / 53.584°N 2.953°W / 53.584; -2.953

Halsall is a village and civil parish in West Lancashire, England, located close to Ormskirk on the A5147 and Leeds and Liverpool Canal.

Description

Historically known as Heleshala, Herleshala, (Domesday Book); Haleshal, 1224; Haleshale, 1275; Halsale, 1278; Halshale, 1292; Halleshale, 1332; Halsall, xv century.[1]

Halsall is a large ancient parish[2] which grew from being a small farming settlement; reflecting this background, much of the land area of Halsall is sparsely populated with many isolated dwellings. The land area (and postal area) of Halsall extends quite a way towards Ainsdale along Carr Moss Lane, to a point where the border is closer to Ainsdale village centre than it is to Halsall.

Halsall village is centred around St Cuthbert's Church and the war memorial. The church dates from the 14th century and the Rector is the Rev. Paul Robinson.[3] The hall is to the south-west of the church; between them was a water-mill, taken down about 1880.[1] Near the site of the water mill now stands the former Halsall Arms public house (now offices for business).

There is a junior school, St Cuthbert's Church of England Primary School with around 140 pupils from age 4 to 11. The Saracen's Head is a large public house on the banks of the canal. There is also a garage, offices (in what used to be the Halsall Arms public house) and a red telephone box situated by the former post office.

The church and much of the village stand on a rocky ridge, in marked contrast to the low-lying flat peat mossland between the ridge and the sand of Ainsdale and Birkdale.[1]

There are several listed buildings in Halsall including the Grade I listed church including Halsall Hall and a number of listed canal bridges amongst other structures. Halsall Hall still stands, but it has been subdivided into a number of dwellings.[4]

In 2011, the parish had a population of 2,057 and covered an area of 2,801 hectares (28.01 km2; 10.81 sq mi).[5]

A natural curiosity of the district was the bituminous turf which was found in the Halsall moss.[1] This was known as Lit-turf and could be burnt like a candle.[6]

The Leeds to Liverpool Canal

Halsall is where the first sod was ceremonially dug (on 5 November 1770, by the Hon. Charles Mordaunt of Halsall Hall) for the commencement of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal.[7] A sculpture ("Halsall Navvy" by Thompson Dagnall) just across the bridge from the Saracen's Head pub now commemorates this.[8]

Halsall Navvy by Thompson Dagnall
Halsall Navvy by Thompson Dagnall

The canal in this area was partially fortified with pillboxes and anti tank measures as it formed part of Stop Line 14 in WW2.[9]

Transport

The village has five bus stops, served by the 300 bus route, operated by Arriva North West, travelling from Liverpool to Southport (and the reverse). Halsall railway station on the Liverpool, Southport and Preston Junction Railway was in service between 1887 and 1938.

Culture

Halsall plays host to the annual scarecrow festival.[10] The festival runs from June to July. The official route for the scarecrow festival was down the main road through the village but the scarecrows have spread to the surrounding areas.[11] The scarecrow festival is not a competition.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Townships: Halsall". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3. London: Victoria County History. pp. 191–197.
  2. ^ Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Sharples, Joseph (2006). Lancashire: Liverpool and the Southwest. Yale University Press. p. 192. ISBN 0300109105.
  3. ^ "St Cuthbert and Halsall Community Hub – St Cuthberts". www.halsallstcuthberthub.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  4. ^ Historic England. "HALSALL HALL, Halsall (1278331)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  5. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Halsall Parish (E04005307)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  6. ^ Lewis, Samuel (1831). A Topographical Dictionary of England: Comprising the Several Counties, Cities, Boroughs, Corporate & Market Towns ...& the Islands of Guernsey, Jersey, and Man, with Historical and Statistical Descriptions; Illustrated by Maps of the Different Counties & Islands; ... and a Plan of London and Its Environs ... S. Lewis & Company. p. 303. bituminous turf halsall.
  7. ^ Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Sharples, Joseph (2006). Lancashire: Liverpool and the Southwest. Yale University Press. p. 195. ISBN 0300109105.
  8. ^ "Halsall Navvy". thompsondagnall. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Stop Line Number 14 - the Leeds Liverpool Canal - a World War Two defence". www.lancashireatwar.co.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  10. ^ Brown, Andrew (17 June 2017). "Halsall Scarecrow Festival 2017". southportvisiter. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  11. ^ a b McCoid, Sophie (7 June 2016). "Halsall Scarecrow Festival showcases weird and wonderful creations". southportvisiter. Retrieved 27 June 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 March 2021, at 21:08
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