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Haitian Campaign Medal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Haitian Campaign Medal
1stHaitiMed.jpg
2ndHaitiMed.jpg
Haitian Campaign Medals: "1915" version (left) and "1919-1920" version (right)
TypeMedal
Presented byDepartment of the Navy
Eligibilityparticipation in Haitian peacekeeping actions designated in 1915, 1919, and 1920
StatusObsolete
Establishedby Department of the Navy: General Orders No. 305: June 22, 1915
and Department of the Navy: General Orders No. 77: December 6, 1921
First awarded1917 ("1915" medal)
Last awardedUnknown
Haitian Campaign Medal ribbon.svg


Streamer HC.PNG
Service ribbon and streamer

The Haitian Campaign Medal was a United States Navy military award which was first established on June 22, 1917,[1] and again on December 6, 1921.[2]

The medal was first intended for members of both the Navy and U.S. Marine Corps who had served ashore in Haiti from and or was aboard the cruiser and flagship USS Washington (ACR-11) or any of the other thirteen named ships of the United States fleet under the command of Rear Admiral William B. Caperton on July 9 through December 6, 1915,[1][2] for the purpose of protecting life and property during a revolution in Haiti.[3]

Another version of the medal was made in 1921 which was intended again for Navy and Marine Corps members who engaged in operations, either ashore or afloat in Haiti on April 1, 1919 through June 15, 1920.[2]

The two Haitian Campaign Medals are basically the same awards, with the only difference being the dates inscribed at the bottom of the front or obverse side of each medal, either 1915 or 1919-1920. For those eligible in both time periods a campaign clasp is worn on the 1915 version of the medal with a 316 inch bronze star worn on the service ribbon. The medal was designed by Rudolf Freund (1878-1960) of Bailey, Banks & Biddle.[4] [5] Both the first and second versions of the Haitian Campaign Medal may not be worn simultaneously.[1][2]

The medal(s) are no longer an active award of the United States Navy and is considered obsolete. Modern day military operations in Haiti, such as the 1994 peacekeeping operations, are typically recognized by international military awards such as the NATO Medal.

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Transcription

Notable Recipients ("1915" version)

Medal of Honor recipients
Other notable recipients

Notable recipients ("1919-1920" version)

Medal of Honor recipients
Other notable recipients

References

  1. ^ a b c FIRST HAITIAN CAMPAIGN MEDAL (Navy and Marine Corps) (1915), FOXFALL MEDALS, last accessed 16 October 2016
  2. ^ a b c d SECOND HAITIAN CAMPAIGN MEDAL (Navy and Marine Corps) (1919-1920), FOXFALL MEDALS, last accessed 16 October 2016
  3. ^ The Navy Department Library. "Admiral William Caperton"
  4. ^ "FIRST HAITIAN CAMPAIGN MEDAL (Navy and Marine Corps) (1915)". COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL. Foxfall Medals. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "Robert Hendershott Obituary". Tampa Bay Times. 7 April 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 22:42
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