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HMS Kent (1679)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

PrincesaVs3britsÁngelCortelliniSánchez(1858-1912)museonavaldemadrid.jpg
Battle between the Spanish 70-gun Princesa (right foreground), and HMS Lenox, Orford and Kent, 8 April 1740
History
Royal Navy Ensign
Great Britain
Name: HMS Kent
Builder: Johnson, Blackwall Yard
Launched: 1679
Fate: Broken up, 1744
Notes:
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type: 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1067 bm
Length: 151 ft 5 in (46.2 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 2 in (12.2 m)
Depth of hold: 16 ft 9.5 in (5.1 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 70 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1699 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,064 long tons (1,081.1 t)
Length: 151 ft 6 in (46.2 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 3 in (12.3 m)
Depth of hold: 16 ft 7 in (5.1 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 70 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1724 rebuild[3]
Class and type: 1719 Establishment 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,130 long tons (1,148.1 t)
Length: 151 ft (46.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 41 ft 6 in (12.6 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 4 in (5.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:
  • 70 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 24 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 12 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 6 pdrs
Plan of HMS Kent's 1724 rebuild
Plan of HMS Kent's 1724 rebuild

HMS Kent was a 70-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Blackwall Yard in 1679.[1] She was the second ship of the name.

Her first action was as part of the Anglo-Dutch fleet at the Battle of Barfleur, it was the start of a very successful career. She gained four Battle Honours fighting the French and Spanish in the Mediterranean in more celebrated victories than any other ship of the same name to date. She was at the Battle of Vigo in 1702, which ended in a decisive victory, wiping out a fleet of 17 French and 17 Spanish ships. She fought at the Battle of Vélez-Málaga to defend Gibraltar in 1704, in what turned out to be an expensive victory. In 1718, she was part of the Viscount Torrington's fleet in the defence of Sicily. Her last action was in 1744, when she bombarded the Spanish at Santiago da Cuba in the West Indies.[4]

She underwent her first rebuild at Rotherhithe in 1699, retaining her armament of 70 guns.[2] On 16 February 1722 she was ordered to be taken to pieces and rebuilt at Woolwich Dockyard as a 70-gun third rate to the 1719 Establishment. She was relaunched on 19 September 1724.[3]

Kent was broken up in 1744.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p162.
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p166.
  3. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p169.
  4. ^ "History of HMS Kent". Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

References

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.


This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 07:50
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