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HMS Dumbarton Castle (P265)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

HMS Dumbarton Castle displays her Paying Off Pennant as she enters Portsmouth Harbour for the last time MOD 45147584.jpg
HMS Dumbarton Castle entering Portsmouth Harbour prior to decommissioning
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Dumbarton Castle
Operator: Royal Navy
Ordered: 8 August 1980[1]
Builder: Hall, Russell & Company
Laid down: 25 June 1980[1]
Launched: 3 June 1981[1]
Commissioned: 12 March 1982[1]
Decommissioned: 2008
Identification:IMO number7920015
Fate: Sold to Bangladesh
Notes: Refitted by A&P Group Tyne facility in 2010
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Castle class patrol vessel
Displacement:
  • 1,350 long tons (1,370 t) standard,
  • 1,550 long tons (1,570 t) full load
Length:
  • 81.0 m (265 ft 9 in) overall,
  • 75.0 m (246 ft 1 in)
Beam: 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in)
Draught: 3.42 m (11 ft 3 in)
Installed power: 5,640 bhp (4,210 kW)
Propulsion: 2 × Ruston 12RK 320DM , 2 shafts
Speed: 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Range: 19,000 nmi (35,000 km; 22,000 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2× Avon Searaider dinghies
Complement: 6 officers and 39 enlisted (+ accommodation for 25 Royal Marines)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Kelvin Hughes Type 1006 navigation radar
  • Plessey Type 994 air/sea search radar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • UAN(1) radar warning,
  • DLE rocket decay system
Armament:
Aircraft carried: Flight deck can support up to Westland Sea King-size helicopter

HMS Dumbarton Castle (P265) was an offshore patrol vessel of the British Royal Navy. Her main role was the protection of the offshore assets of the United Kingdom, including oil and gas installations and fisheries out to the 200 mile (370 km) limit.

She spent much of her time deployed in the South Atlantic as guard ship, patrolling around the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, alternating with her sister HMS Leeds Castle. Her long association with the Falkland Islands resulted in the ship's company being given permission to add her name to the roll of honour written in white rocks on the hillside opposite Stanley in 2007.[2]

Design and construction

The Castle-class was designed for fisheries protection and oilfield patrol duties in the United Kingdom's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). They were a follow-on to the interim Island-class patrol vessel which had been ordered in 1975 when the EEZ was extended to 200 miles, and as a result of initial experience with the Islands, was considerably longer in order to improve seakeeping in heavy seas, with the extra length giving greater speed from the same power as the Islands and allowing a large helicopter deck to be fitted.[3][4]

Dumbarton Castle was 81.0 m (265.7 ft) long overall and 75.0 m (246.1 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 11.5 m (38 ft) and a draught of 3.42 m (11.2 ft). Displacement was 1,350 long tons (1,370 t) standard and 1,550 long tons (1,570 t) full load. The ship was powered by two Ruston 12RK 320 DM diesel engines rated at 5,460 bhp (4,070 kW) (with a maximum sustained power of 4,380 bhp (3,270 kW), driving two shafts fitted with controllable pitch propellers. This gave a speed of 20 kn (23 mph; 37 km/h). The ship had a range of 10,000 nmi (12,000 mi; 19,000 km) at 12 kn (14 mph; 22 km/h).[1]

The ship was initially armed with a single Bofors 40 mm L/60 gun,[5] although by 1990 this had been replaced by an Oerlikon 30 mm gun on a DS30B mount.[6] The main armament was supplemented by two 7.62 mm machine guns.[1] A large helicopter deck was fitted aft, suitable for landing a Sea King or Chinook helicopter, but no hangar was provided, as the cost of a permanently embarked helicopter would be more than the cost of the ship.[7] She was fitted with Type 1006 navigation radar,[5] which was supplemented with a Type 994 air/surface search radar in 1986,[1][6] together with a UAN(1) electronic intercept system (based on the Orange Crop system fitted to the Royal Navy's helicopters.[1] The ship had a crew of 6 officers and 39 other ranks, with room for a 25-man detachment of Royal Marines to be carried.[1][a]

Dumbarton Castle was laid down at Hall, Russell & Company's Aberdeen shipyard as Yard number 986 on 25 April 1980 as the second Castle-class patrol vessel.[1][9] This was in advance of a formal order for the two ships being placed, which did not take place until 8 August that year.[1] She was launched on 3 June 1981, and was completed on 12 March 1982.[1]

Service

Dumbarton Castle commissioned at Rosyth on 26 March 1982,[10] and was assigned the pennant number P265.[1] In April 1982, the Falklands War began when Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April. Dumbarton Castle sailed from her base at Rosyth on 26 April for HMNB Portsmouth to be fitted with additional communications equipment and a desalination plant to better suit her to support the British task force sailing to retake the Falklands. Dumbarton Castle left Portsmouth on 1 May, arriving at Ascension Island on 11 May, where she was employed as a despatch vessel, ferrying stores between Ascension and the Task Force, and between warships of the task force. She returned to Rosyth in August 1982.[11] Dumbarton Castle was awarded the battle honour "Falkland Islands 1982" for her service in the war.[8]

Both Dumbarton Castle and sister-ship Leeds Castle were employed as guardships for the Falklands as well as for more normal fishery protection duties in home waters.[4] In August 1991, Dumbarton Castle relieved Leeds Castle at the start of a three-year deployment to the Falklands,[8] and from 1998 to 2000, carried out another three year deployment to the South Atlantic.[12][13] In 2001, Dumbarton Castle was converted to serve as a command ship for mine countermeasures vessels[14]

Dumbarton Castle was replaced by a River class-based vessel, HMS Clyde, in early 2008.

Both Dumbarton Castle and her sister were sold to Bangladesh in April 2010. Dumbarton Castle left Portsmouth on 21 May 2010 towed by the tug Multratug 7, for A&P Group facility in Newcastle upon Tyne for a major regeneration project with her sister ship Leeds Castle. The project was completed in December 2010.

In March 2011, Leeds Castle and Dumbarton Castle were recommissioned as BNS Dhaleshwari and BNS Bijoy of the Bangladesh Navy respectively.[15] On 4 August 2020 BNS Bijoy, was damaged in the 2020 Beirut Port Explosions while part of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.

Notes

  1. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships lists a crew of 50, plus the 25 man Marine detachment.[5] The ship had a crew of 52 when she set out on her 1991 deployment to the Falklands.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Baker 1998, p. 944
  2. ^ "HMS Dumbarton Castle: Small Ship, Big Name". MercoPress. 7 June 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  3. ^ Brown & Moore 2012, pp. 135–136
  4. ^ a b Gardiner & Chumbley 1995, p. 357
  5. ^ a b c Moore 1985, p. 628
  6. ^ a b Prézelin & Baker 1990, p. 716
  7. ^ Brown & Moore 2012, p. 136
  8. ^ a b c "Ships of the Royal Navy: No. 431 : Dumbarton Castle holds the fort on Falklands Patrol" (PDF). Navy News. October 1991. p. 5. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  9. ^ "DUMBARTON CASTLE". Scottish Built Ships. Caledonian Maritime Research Trust. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Castles in the air..." (PDF). Navy News. May 1982. p. 19. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  11. ^ Burden et al. 1986, p. 430
  12. ^ "Ship heads home" (PDF). Navy News. February 1998. p. 10. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  13. ^ "Dumbarton Castle enters her third year away" (PDF). Navy News. February 2000. p. 13. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  14. ^ Saunders 2002, p. 784
  15. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  • Baker, A. D., III, ed. (1998). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 1998–1999. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-111-4.
  • Brown, David K.; Moore, George (2012). Rebuilding the Royal Navy: Warship Design Since 1945. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-150-2.
  • Burden, Rodney A.; Draper, Michael I.; Rough, Douglas A.; Smith, Colin R.; Wilton, David (1986). Falklands: The Air War. British Aviation Research Group. ISBN 0-906339-05-7.
  • Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Instotute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
  • Prézelin, Bernard; Baker, A. D., III, eds. (1990). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 1990/1991. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-250-8.
  • Moore, John, ed. (1985). Jane's Fighting Ships 1985–86. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0814-4.
  • Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2002). Jane's Fighting Ships 2002–2003. Coulsdon, Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-24328.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 March 2021, at 18:25
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