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HMS Alacrity (F174)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

HMS Alacrity (F174).jpg
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Alacrity
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders
Commissioned: 2 July 1977
Decommissioned: 1 March 1994
Identification: Pennant number: F174
Motto:
  • Adjuvero propero
  • (Latin: "I hasten to help")
Fate: Sold to Pakistan on 1 March 1994
Pakistan
Name: PNS Badr
Commissioned: 1 March 1994
Decommissioned: April 2013
Status: Decommissioned
General characteristics
Class and type: Type 21 frigate
Displacement: 3,250 tons full load
Length: 384 ft (117 m)
Beam: 41 ft 9 in (12.73 m)
Draught: 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range:
  • 4,000 nautical miles at 17 knots (7,400 km at 31 km/h)
  • 1,200 nautical miles at 30 knots (2,220 km at 56 km/h)
Complement: 177
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × Westland Wasp helicopter, later refitted for 1 × Lynx

HMS Alacrity was a Type 21 frigate of the Royal Navy.

Alacrity was active during the Falklands War of 1982, where she sank a supply ship, survived Exocet-missile attacks and rescued men from the Atlantic Conveyor. She was transferred to Pakistan on 1 March 1994 and renamed PNS Badr.

Background

Built by Yarrow Shipbuilders Ltd, Glasgow, Scotland, she was completed with Exocet launchers in 'B' position.

Royal Navy service

1977-1981

In 1977, Alacrity took part in the Fleet Review, of the Royal Navy at Spithead in celebration of HM the Queen's Silver Jubilee.[1]

Falklands War

Alacrity participated in the Falklands War, departing Devonport on 5 April 1982 and captained by Commander Christopher Craig.

Alacrity was slightly damaged by an Argentine bomb on 1 May 1982.[2]

On the night of 10-11 May 1982 Alacrity was tasked to establish if the Argentines had mined the north entrance of Falkland Sound.[3] While approaching Swan Islands, she engaged and sank the 3000 ton Argentine supply ship ARA Isla de los Estados with her 4.5-inch gun. The Argentine transport blew up after a hit ignited her cargo of jet fuel and ammunition.[4] Fifteen crew members and seven servicemen (from all three armed forces and the coast guard) were killed, there were only two survivors.[5]

As Alacrity left the channel just before dawn, her sister ship Arrow was waiting to accompany her back to the Task Force, when the Argentine submarine, San Luis Captained by Fernando Azcueta fired two SST-4 torpedoes at a range of 5000 yards. One didn't leave its tube, the other missed and was heard to detonate after hitting the sea bottom.[6]

On 25 May, Alacrity sustained damage to her bow, while rescuing survivors from the SS Atlantic Conveyor which had been struck by two Exocet missiles.[7]

1982–1994

As with the other surviving Type 21 frigates, Alacrity was suffering from cracking in her hull by the mid-1980s. She was taken in for refitting, and a steel plate was welded down each side of the ship.

In 1989, while deployed as West Indies guard ship, Alacrity was tasked for humanitarian relief on the island of Montserrat in the British West Indies after the island suffered devastation in the wake of Hurricane Hugo. The ship's Lynx helicopter was the sole means of transporting aid ashore as the port was destroyed.[citation needed]

Pakistan Navy service

Alacrity was decommissioned and transferred to Pakistan on 1 March 1994, being renamed Badr. Exocet was not transferred to Pakistan and Badr had her obsolete Sea Cat launcher removed and replaced with a Phalanx CIWS. Signaal DA08 air search radar replaced the Type 992 and SRBOC chaff launchers and new 20 mm and additional 30 mm guns were fitted.[8]

Between 11 and 21 May 2008, Badr participated in Exercise Inspired Union, a multi-national exercises in the North Arabian Sea. Other Pakistani warships included the frigate Shah Jahan and the replenishment tanker Nasr, as well as the Pakistan Air Force explosive ordnance disposal team, and the American destroyers Curts and Ross.[9]

Badr was decommissioned in April 2013 by the Pakistan Navy.

References

  1. ^ Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
  2. ^ Battle Atlas of the Falklands War by Land, Sea and Air by Gordon Smith, 1989 - List of British ships lost and damaged
  3. ^ One Hundred Days, Admiral Sandy Woodward, Pages 280 and 281. ISBN 978-0-00-713467-0
  4. ^ Mayorga, Horacio A.: No Vencidos. Ed. Planeta, Buenos Aires, 1998, page 320. ISBN 950-742-976-X (in Spanish)
  5. ^ ARA Isla de los Estados - 1982 War
  6. ^ Argentine Fight for the Falklands, Martin Middlebrook page 132. ISBN 978-1-84-415888-1
  7. ^ "Alacrity dodges four Exocets". Navy News. August 1982. p. 23.
  8. ^ Pakistan Navy as a four-strong group of frigate warships
  9. ^ Lt. (j.g.) Bryan Boggs, USN (6 June 2008). "USS Curts, Pakistani Navy Participate in Officer Exchange Program". NNS080602-12. Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group Public Affairs. Retrieved 27 December 2010.

Publications

Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.

This page was last edited on 7 May 2021, at 14:59
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