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György Ekrem-Kemál

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

György Ekrem-Kemál
Ekrem Kemál György 2007.jpg
György Ekrem-Kemál in 2007
Born(1945-06-29)June 29, 1945
DiedJune 12, 2009(2009-06-12) (aged 63)
NationalityHungarian
OccupationPolitical dissident

György Ekrem-Kemál (29 June 1945 – 12 June 2009) was a Hungarian nationalist, "Hungarist", far-right political figure, and leader of several organizations associated with Neo-Nazism and anti-Semitism.[1]

Life

Ekrem-Kemál was born to a Turkish-Hungarian father and a Hungarian mother. His father, Ekrem Kemál, was a prominent figure in the 1956 Hungarian Revolution as a "Széna tér" revolutionary against Soviet forces. He was executed for his role in the uprising, and is widely considered a martyr amongst the Hungarian far-right.[citation needed]

György Ekrem-Kemál died on June 12, 2009 after a long battle with lung cancer.[2]

Political Activities

On 20 April 1994 (Hitler's birthday), Ekrem-Kemál, already a well-known figure in Hungarian far-right circles (mostly due to his father), co-founded the Hungarian Hungarist Movement (Hungarian: Magyar Hungarista Mozgalom, MHM) alongside István Győrkös and Albert Szabó. It was a largely unsuccessful attempt to unify the Hungarian far-right under the umbrella of Hungarism, a historical ideological tenet of the Arrow Cross Party, the defunct fascist party that ruled Hungary briefly in 1944 and early 1945. The MHM failed to be cohesive, and, by 1996, the movement had largely scattered due to internal disputes.[3]

Ekrem-Kemál speaking at a rally in September 2006
Ekrem-Kemál speaking at a rally in September 2006

In 1996, Ekrem-Kemál founded the Association of Those Persecuted by Communism (Hungarian: Kommunizmus Üldözötteinek Szövetsége, KÜSZ), a small organization established with the objective of overthrowing the relatively new parliamentary government. The KÜSZ claimed it would undertake these actions in order to continue the legacy of the Arrow Cross Party. Ekrem-Kemál was also at one point the leader of the Hungarian National Freedom Party (Hungarian: Magyar Nemzeti Szabadság Párt, MNSZP), another far-right organization.[3]

Ekrem-Kemál was arrested in 1997 following his connection pipe bomb attacks on the offices of the then ruling Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP).[4] He was found guilty in May 2001 for attempting to organize a coup d'état against the Hungarian constitutional order. The Hungarian Supreme Court reduced his sentence to 4 years of probation on the basis of his movement having a "very long shot" to achieve its goal.[5]

Ekrem-Kemál returned to prominence in 2006 during the 2006 protests in Hungary against the ruling Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP). He joined the Revolutionary National Committee and spoke publicly at the protests in Kossuth Square, calling for the protesters (known as the Kossuth tér protesters) to mobilize against the existing government order. The protesters made frequent allusions to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, further connecting Ekrem-Kemál, the son of a revolutionary "martyr", to the action.[6][7]

Ideology

Ekrem-Kemál's ideology was guided chiefly by "Hungarism", which traces itself back to the Arrow Cross Party and its leader, Ferenc Szálasi. Hungarism is a fascist ideology characterized by a unique conception of racial superiority (advantageous to Ekrem-Kemál) and a conventional fascist grounding in anti-Semitism.

References

  1. ^ Március 20-án hirdetnek ítéletet Ekrem Kemál György büntetőperében, Origo.hu, 2000-02-28
  2. ^ Meghalt Ekrem-Kemál György , Index.hu, 2009-06-12
  3. ^ a b Mudde, Cas (2005). Racist Extremism in Central & Eastern Europe. Routledge. p. 79. ISBN 1134252536.
  4. ^ "Loner was the party house bomber". Vol. III Issue 34. Országos Közéleti Hetilap. August 28, 1999. Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  5. ^ Enyhítették Ekrem Kemál büntetését Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Népszabadság, 2001-05-25
  6. ^ Szandelszky, Bela (October 23, 2006). "Hungarian police fire rubber bullets at anti-government rioters in Budapest". USA Today - Associated Press. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  7. ^ Salzmann, Markus (September 21, 2006). "Hungary erupts in violent protests". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the Fourth International. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
This page was last edited on 5 January 2020, at 23:02
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