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Guthrie, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Guthrie, Texas
King County Courthouse in Guthrie
King County Courthouse in Guthrie
Guthrie is located in Texas
Guthrie
Guthrie
Location in Texas and the United States
Guthrie is located in the United States
Guthrie
Guthrie
Guthrie (the United States)
Coordinates: 33°37′14″N 100°19′22″W / 33.62056°N 100.32278°W / 33.62056; -100.32278
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyKing County
Area
 • Total1.78 sq mi (4.61 km2)
 • Land1.78 sq mi (4.61 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,739 ft (530 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total160
 • Density90/sq mi (34.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79236
Area code(s)806
FIPS code48-31640
GNIS feature ID1358533

Guthrie is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in, and the county seat of, King County in the U.S. state of Texas. It is in the northern part of the state, 93 miles (150 km) east of Lubbock. It serves as the principal headquarters of the Four Sixes Ranch.[1] As of the 2010 census the population was 160.[2]

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Transcription

Contents

Geography

Guthrie is located in west-central King County at 33°37′14″N 100°19′22″W / 33.62056°N 100.32278°W / 33.62056; -100.32278 (33.621341, -100.8322),[3] on the north side of the South Wichita River. U.S. Route 82 passes through the western side of the community, leading west to Lubbock and east 117 miles (188 km) to Wichita Falls. U.S. Route 83 passes through the center of Guthrie, leading north 60 miles (97 km) to Childress and south 95 miles (153 km) to Abilene.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Guthrie CDP has an area of 1.8 square miles (4.6 km2), of which 0.7 acres (2,870 m2), or 0.06%, are water.[4]

History

Guthrie's history begins in 1883, when the Louisville Land and Cattle Company in Louisville, Kentucky, purchased several hundred acres in what later became King County. Named after Louisville Land and Cattle stockholder W.H. Guthrie, the community's townsite was platted in 1891 by Andrew Chester Tackitt (son of Rev. Pleasant Tackitt, who had built Guthrie's first residence). When King County was organized that same year, Louisville Land and Cattle proposed the platting of a company townsite, to be named "Ashville", to serve as the county's seat. Tackitt strongly opposed this proposition and led a charge to bring the seat to Guthrie instead. Tackitt's hotly contested campaign ultimately proved successful, and he not only succeeded in making Guthrie the county seat but was also elected to serve as King County's first county judge. Late in 1891, the Guthrie post office opened to the public.

The next year, Tackitt and a man by the name of Charlie Bradford brought in lumber from the neighboring community of Seymour and constructed Guthrie's first school, a small one-room building. A larger school followed in 1895, though the lone teacher continued to depend upon schools in Seymour and Benjamin for curriculum. Proprietor John Gibson began to keep a stock of school books at his Guthrie general store in 1897, decreasing the school's dependence upon other districts.

In 1904, Guthrie claimed 101 residents and though hurt by the effects of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl, remained stable through to the mid-twentieth century, with the 1950 Census reporting the same number of 101 residents as 46 years before. In 1959, schools in nearby Dumont were consolidated with Guthrie's schools, and by 1963 the population had more than doubled to 210.

The mid to late 1960s brought an end to Guthrie's growth; the population had fallen to 125 by 1970. It increased to 140 in 1980 and 160 in 1990, a figure it maintained through to the 2010 census. Being a company town, very few homes in Guthrie are privately owned; most residents live in housing provided by the 6666 (Four Sixes) or Pitchfork ranches, or the school district.[5]

In literature

Author Mitch Cullin graduated from Guthrie School in 1986, and while the setting of his early writings was often the town of Claude in Armstrong County, Cullin has admitted in interviews that his novels Whompyjawed and Branches are really based on Guthrie.[6]

Guthrie is also mentioned in passing in Jack Kerouac's On the Road as one of the places through which he drove.

Education

Guthrie is served by the Guthrie Common School District, which consistently ranks as a Recognized school district by the Texas Education Agency.

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Guthrie has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[7]

Guthrie has a USDA hardiness zone of 7b, with minimum temperatures ranging from 5 to 10 °F.[8]

Climate data for Guthrie (1,744 feet above sea level)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 86
(30)
93
(34)
103
(39)
109
(43)
113
(45)
119
(48)
111
(44)
114
(46)
109
(43)
107
(42)
92
(33)
89
(32)
119
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 55.0
(12.8)
59.0
(15.0)
67.0
(19.4)
77.0
(25.0)
85.0
(29.4)
92.0
(33.3)
96.0
(35.6)
96.0
(35.6)
88.0
(31.1)
77.0
(25.0)
66.0
(18.9)
56.0
(13.3)
76.2
(24.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 41.0
(5.0)
45.0
(7.2)
52.5
(11.4)
61.5
(16.4)
71.0
(21.7)
79.0
(26.1)
83.0
(28.3)
82.5
(28.1)
74.0
(23.3)
63.0
(17.2)
51.5
(10.8)
42.0
(5.6)
62.2
(16.8)
Average low °F (°C) 27.0
(−2.8)
31.0
(−0.6)
38.0
(3.3)
46.0
(7.8)
57.0
(13.9)
66.0
(18.9)
70.0
(21.1)
69.0
(20.6)
60.0
(15.6)
49.0
(9.4)
37.0
(2.8)
28.0
(−2.2)
48.2
(9.0)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(−18)
−4
(−20)
8
(−13)
19
(−7)
34
(1)
46
(8)
56
(13)
52
(11)
34
(1)
16
(−9)
10
(−12)
−10
(−23)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.03
(26)
1.47
(37)
1.53
(39)
2.06
(52)
3.42
(87)
3.66
(93)
2.27
(58)
2.69
(68)
2.58
(66)
2.50
(64)
1.30
(33)
1.07
(27)
25.58
(650)
Source: Weather Channel[9]

References

  1. ^ "Guthrie on TSHA". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  2. ^ "2010 Census: Population of Texas Cities". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Guthrie CDP, Texas". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  5. ^ Handbook of Texas Online - GUTHRIE, TX
  6. ^ "The Austin Chronicle (Nov. 10, 2000)". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  7. ^ "Climate Summary for Guthrie, Texas". Weatherbase. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  8. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". usda.gov.
  9. ^ "Guthrie, TX Monthly Weather Forecast". Weather Channel. Retrieved 11 May 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 May 2019, at 13:10
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