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Guitar picking

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Guitar picking is a group of hand and finger techniques a guitarist uses to set guitar strings in motion to produce audible notes. These techniques involve plucking, strumming, brushing, etc. Picking can be done with:

Using a single thumb pick with the bare fingers is similar to hybrid picking. Another mixed technique is to play different passages with a plectrum or fingerstyle, "palming" the plectrum when not in use.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Fingerpicking For BEGINNERS-Play Guitar In 12 Minutes!
  • ✪ Guitar Picking MISTAKE - AND how to PREVENT IT!
  • ✪ Basic Guitar Picking Technique - Lead Guitar Lesson #2
  • ✪ Picking Hand Positioning For Fast Playing Styles - Intermediate Guitar Lesson
  • ✪ How to pick properly. This really works!!!

Transcription

We're going to learn beginner basic guitar this is the very first lesson I'm going to show you how to do this i'ts a very basic fingerstyle pattern that's used in a lot of songs- many many songs if you know this pattern you could be able to play a lot of different songs just by knowing that one finger pattern on the right hand. So three things you need to be able to do this lesson Number one, you need a guitar, so I want you to get your guitar out. because we're gonna learn right now. Number two you need to be able to tune your guitar Number three- you need to be able to count to 4! so let's get right into the lesson. I hope you have your guitar in your hand because we're gonna learn how to do this right now. First string, second-string it's hard to see cause they're thin third-string fourth. fifth and sixth for the first part of this (beginner fingerstyle lesson) we're gonna concentrate on the fourth and the third-string... this is all going to be with the thumb first thing to do is to put your hand in kind of a claw okay like this...kind of a claw okay... or make a circle with your hand what we're going to do is we're gonna hit (play) the fourth string with our thumb these these fingers are ready to go down here because we're going to use these too so we're gonna go like this cool just hit (play) the fourth-string with your thumb just like so... now I said if you can count to four you can do this so what we're going to do is we're an alternate the thumb the thumb is going to be the only thing that's gonna play here we're going to alternate between the fourth string and the third-string just like this we're gonna count 1 2 3.. 4 1. 2. 4. 4 1, 2 3 4... okay play along with me ready 1 2.3 4 1 2., 3 4. 1... 2 3 4 ..... 1 2,, 3 4.. Okay now what we're gonna do is we're gonna do is add a note and it's going to be an "AND" ... so we're gonna count it 1, 2 AND 3, 4 1 ....this is what we're gonna learn 2 AND 3 4. now we're hitting (plucking) this with the second-string with our index finger so we're going 1 , 2 AND 3 ,4 1, 2 AND 3 , 4 1 2 AND 3, 4 1, 2 AND 3... hope you're playing along with me.,.. 2 AND 3, 4 let's go even slower ready... here we go 1 2 AND 3 , 4 1 2 AND 3 4 ... REAL SLOW 1 2 AND 3 ..4 1 2 AND 3 we're gonna add a note now with this finger right here the middle finger we're gonna hit string number one I'm gonna show you where we're gonna do it 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 1 2 AND 3 AND 4 1 2 AND 3 AND 4 1 2 AND 3 AND 4 sounds like this a little faster slowdown 1 2 AND 3 AND 4 1 2 AND 3 4... 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 1 2 AND 3 4 1 2 AND 3 AND 4 so the first lesson we learned is 1, 2, 3, 4 second one is 1, 2 AND 3 4 1, 2, AND 3, 4 next one 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 all I'm doing doing is just pulling up just playing... pulling my finger back (plucking) my hand in the claw. My fingers are all ready to go with the strings were gonna hit (play) are already in place they're just resting on those strings waiting to that's all I'm doing 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 1,2 AND 3 AND 4 we're gonna add one more note here and it's going to be this finger right here (index finger) 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND so a little faster sounds like this 1, 2 AND 3 AND 4 AND okay so practice that...and now I'm gonna show you a chord to play with your left hand................. we're going to use two fingers on the left hand here to make this chord it's almost a D chord but we're only gonna do it with two fingers because this is really easy and on the third string I want you to take your index finger and press right here so down below want you to just go ahead play that note (pluck 4th string) shouldn't sound "buzzy". your finger should be right below the fret. here's the fret you don't want to be on it because it will mute the string okay wanna be just below it you don't wanna be down here because that will buzz- you wanna be right below the fret so go ahead and with your right hand hit (pluck) the third-string with your thumb with your left hand press right here now my thumb is back here like this holding the guitar have my thumb right here I'm kinda making a an arch be able to hit that note there's one more thing you were going to use... we're going to use the ring finger, we're not going to use the middle finger on this we're going to use just the ring finger and we're gonna go to the second-string 3 frets up... by the way that other one was just two frets up count it I like this.. one fret , two frets the next one is three frets up one two, three, we're doing with our with our ring finger on the second-string and down here with my ring finger just making sure it sounds okay so then what we're going to do is we're going to put that together.... Starting on the 4th string just go like this: starting on the 4th string . Remember, this is 6, 5, 4 strum down that picking pattern just That picking pattern sounds like this if we just hold that chold and we just play that picking pattern that I just showed you it sounds like this okay this finger is not doing anything .... just these two fingers right here let's just go back and review the lesson real quick review the lesson with holding this chord down 1, 2 , 3, 4 now we're gonna at this one note 1, 2, AND 3 , 4 now we're going to add another note this finger right here the middle finger 1. 2 AND 3 AND 4 we're gonna add one more note we're gonna hit this second-string twice 1. 2. AND 3 AND 4 AND so practice tha...t go back in watch this video again. practice it and then after you're done I want to go to the link below more beginner fingerstyle guitar lessons

Contents

Comparison of plectrum and finger picking techniques

The pros of each guitar picking style are indirectly correlated to the cons of the other.

Fingerstyle advantages

Fingerstyle guitar
Fingerstyle guitar
  • A pick isn’t necessary.
  • It is easier to play non-adjacent strings at the same time.
  • It is easier to play polyphonically, with separate musical lines, or separate melody, harmony and bass.
  • It is easy to play arpeggios.
  • A simpler motion is required to play notes on non-adjacent strings.
  • It is possible to play chords with no arpeggiation.
  • There is less need to use the fretting hand to damp notes in chords, since the guitarist can pluck just the required strings.
  • A great variation in strokes is possible, accommodating expressiveness in timbre.
  • A wide variety of strums and rasgueados are possible.
  • Fingerstyle is useful in almost any genre.

Fingerstyle players use up to four (rarely five) surfaces to strike string independently. However, that does not equate to four plectrums, since plectrums can more easily strike strings on both up and downstrokes—which is much more difficult for fingers.[1]

Advantages of plectrum picking

Various guitar picks.
Various guitar picks.
  • Picks require no maintenance.
  • It involves less multi-tasking.
  • Picking back and forth with a pick is easier. Alternate picking is usually the most efficient technique.
  • Tremolo effects may be easier to achieve.
  • The guitarist picks the string with less contact that a finger would involve.
  • A pick can be louder compared to bare finger playing.
  • It may be easier to maintain articulation or clarity when playing fast.
  • Playing on heavier gauge strings can damage un-coated nails: fingerstyle is more suited to nylon strings or lighter gauge steel strings (this does not apply to fingerpicks).

Fingerstyle techniques

Plucking patterns

To achieve Tremolo effects, varied arpeggios, and rapid, fluent scale passages, the player must practice alternation, that is, plucking strings with a different finger each time. Using p to indicate the thumb, i the index finger, m the middle finger and a the ring finger, common alternation patterns include:

  • i-m-i-m Basic melody line on the treble strings. Has the appearance of "walking along the strings".
  • i-m-a-i-m-a Tremolo pattern with a triplet feel (i.e. the same note is repeated three times)
  • p-a-m-i-p-a-m-i A tremolo or apreggio pattern..
  • p-m-p-m A way of playing a melody line on the lower strings.

In some genres, such as folk or country, the player can "lock in" to a picking pattern for the whole song, or even the whole performance, since these forms of music are based on maintaining a steady rhythm.[2] However, in other genres—such as classical, flamenco or fingerstyle jazz—it becomes necessary to switch fluently between patterns.

Tone production

Tone production is important in any style. Classical guitar, for example, stresses many techniques are that applicable to other styles. Tonal techniques include:

  • Plucking distance from the bridge. Guitarists actively control this to change the sound(timbre) from "soft" (dolce) plucking the string near its middle, to "hard" (ponticelo) plucking the string near the bridge.
  • Use of nail or not. In early music, musicians plucked strings with the fingertips. Today, however, many guitarists (including most classical guitarists) use fingernails. Complex, reliable playing with fingernails requires nails that are carefully filed and shaped.[3] ) Many guitarists have their playing nails reinforced with an acrylic coating.

Playing parameters include

  • Finger to use
  • Angle of attack to hold the wrist and fingers at with respect to the strings
  • Rest-stroke or apoyando—the finger that plucks a string rests on the next string—traditionally used in single melody lines—versus free-stroke or tirando, where the string is plucked "in passing"
  • Harmonic effects by, for instance, hitting the top surface of the nail on an upstroke to produce a false harmonic

Strums

Some of the many possible fingerstyle strums include

  • A slow down stroke (bass to treble) sweep with the thumb. This is a sforzando or emphatic way of playing a chord.
  • Light "brushing" strokes with the fingers moving together at a near-perpendicular angle to the strings. This works equally in either direction and can be rapidly alternated for a chord tremolo effect.
  • Downstrokes with one finger make a change from the standard upstroke strum.
  • A "pinch" with the thumb and fingers moving towards each other gives a crisp effect. It is helpful to clearly articulate the topmost and bass note in the chord, as if plucking, before "following through".
  • Rasgueado: Strumming typically done by bunching all the plucking hand fingers into a fist and then flicking them out in quick succession to get four superimposed strums. The rasgueado or "rolling" strum is particularly characteristic of flamenco.
  • Turning p-a-m-i tremolo plucking into a series of downstrokes. This is a lighter version of the classic rasgueado, which uses upstrokes.

Varieties of fingerstyle

Plectrum techniques

Guitarists resolve the problem of playing notes on non adjacent string by practicing string skipping. To achieve speed, plectrum pickers methods of mixing up and down strokes.

Lead

Flatpicking

Playing guitar with pick.jpg

Flatpicking is a technique for playing a guitar using a guitar pick (plectrum) held between two or three fingers to strike the strings. The term flatpicking occurs with other instruments, but is probably best known in the context of playing an acoustic guitar with steel strings—particularly in bluegrass music and old-time country music. Probably starting around 1930, flatpicking developed when guitarists began arranging old-time American fiddle tunes on the guitar, expanding the instrument's traditional role of rhythm guitar accompaniment with an occasional single-note melodic run.

The melodic style in bluegrass is often fast and dynamic, with slides, hammer-ons, pull-offs, powerful strumming and rapid crosspicking. Bluegrass flatpickers usually prefer guitars with a flat top rather than an arch top, and steel strings rather than nylon. The archetypal flatpicking guitar is the 'Dreadnought' series made by C.F. Martin & Company.

Alternate picking

Alternate picking is a guitar playing technique that employs strictly alternating downward and upward picking strokes in a continuous run, and is the most common method of plectrum playing. If this technique is performed on a single note at a high speed, then it may also be referred to as tremolo picking.

Sweep picking

Sweep picking involves a continuous 'sweep' with the pick across two or more strings (using down-strokes when moving down, and up-strokes when moving up), and is commonly associated with playing arpeggios. To produce a series of distinct notes requires that each note be fretted individually with the fretting hand, rather than held together as a chord.

Economy picking

Frank Gambale is noted for economy picking
Frank Gambale is noted for economy picking

A combination of sweep picking and alternate picking, economy picking involves using alternate picking except when changing strings. In this case the guitarist changes to sweep picking, picking in the direction of travel: an upstroke if changing to a lower (pitch) string, a downstroke if changing to a higher (pitch) string.

Gypsy picking

The picking technique of gypsy jazz has been described as similar to economy picking when changing from lower to higher strings, but performed with rest strokes. When changing from higher to lower strings, a down stroke is used instead of a sweep or economy stroke. For instance, on switching from the G to the B string, the plectrum moves in the same direction and comes to rest on the E string—though while switching from the B to G strings both strokes would be downward reststrokes. All down strokes are rest strokes, while all up strokes are free strokes. In general while playing consecutive notes on the same string if the tempo is slow enough all down strokes may be employed. If the tempo is faster alternate picking is generally used, though often consecutive downstrokes are used to emphasize certain notes, particularly in the end of phrases, or to prepared the pick for an easier string change. This technique has become associated with Django Reinhardt in the 1930s, but was also employed by plectrum banjo players, mandolinists and many pre-electric jazz guitarists seeking a strong, projecting acoustic sound on their instruments.

Rhythm

La Pompe

La Pompe is the rhythmic pattern used in gypsy jazz. This form of percussive rhythm is similar to the "boom-chick" in stride piano. The first beat is a staccato chord, emphasizing the lower strings with a more "bassy" sound, produced by a down stroke; the fretting hand immediately afterward releases the strings slightly to deaden them. The next beat is a percussive strum, produced by a down stroke, that emphasizes a more "trebly" sound by engaging a fuller range of the strings. Various artists prefer different levels of staccato on beats 1 and 3, and beats 2 and 4, but in general both beats are short, but still voiced to some degree. The pattern then repeats, but before every first and third beat, an upstroke is performed very quickly (typically with the strings still deadened), giving the music its heavy swing feel.

Other techniques

Anchoring

Anchoring is a practice in both fingerstyle and plectrum where part of the picking hand, usually the little finger or "pinky" touches the guitar body. Although anchoring is common, many guitar teachers advise against it as it limits flexible hand movement. The contrary approach is known as "floating".

Hybrid picking

Hybrid picking is mixture of plectrum picking and finger picking. Normally the player holds the pick with thumb and index finger, picking the string, and utilizing the middle and ring finger to finger pick adjacent strings.

Hammer-on and pull-off

Hammer-on is a stringed instrument playing technique performed (especially on fretted string instruments such as guitar) by sharply bringing a fretting-hand finger down on the fingerboard behind a fret, causing a note to sound. This technique is the opposite of the pull-off. Traditionally, this technique is supplemental to conventional picking, being used to achieve legato and ornamentation effects. This is connected to the fact that hammering imparts less energy to a string, so that hammered notes are less audible. With electric instruments, it becomes possible to use these techniques much more extensively.

Tapping

Tapping
Tapping

Tapping is a guitar playing technique, where a string is fretted and set into vibration as part of a single motion of being pushed onto the fretboard, as opposed to the standard technique being fretted with one hand and picked with the other. It is similar to the technique of hammer-ons and pull-offs, but used in an extended way compared to them: hammer-ons would be performed by only the fretting hand, and in conjunction with conventionally picked notes; whereas tapping passages involve both hands and consist of only tapped, hammered and pulled notes. Tapping is used exclusively by some players (such as Stanley Jordan) and on some instruments, such as the Chapman Stick.

See also

  • Ebow A device for activating strings without physical contact.

References

  1. ^ Daniel E. Smith, Dansm's Fingerpicking Songs, 5-24-99, https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/mike_mccracker/picking/song6.htm&date=2009-10-26+02:38:19
  2. ^ Traum, Happy (1974). Fingerpicking Styles For Guitar. Oak Publications. ISBN 0-8256-0005-7.
  3. ^ Tennant, Scott (1996). Pumping Nylon. Alfred pub. co. ISBN 978-0-88284-721-4.
This page was last edited on 11 July 2018, at 03:17
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