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Ground Assault Badge of the Luftwaffe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ground Assault Badge of the Luftwaffe
Erdkampfabzeichen der Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe Ground-Attack Badge.jpg
5th grade of the Ground Assault Badge
TypeBadge
Awarded forachievement in ground combat
Presented byNazi Germany
EligibilityMilitary personnel of the Luftwaffe
Campaign(s)World War II
StatusObsolete
Established31 March 1942

The Ground Assault Badge of the Luftwaffe (German: Erdkampfabzeichen der Luftwaffe) was a World War II German military decoration awarded to Luftwaffe personnel for achievement in ground combat. It was instituted on 31 March 1942 by the commander-in-chief (Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe) Hermann Göring.[1]

The badge, designed by the graphic and textile artist Sigmund von Weech (1888-1982), features an oak leaf wreath with at its apex a Luftwaffe eagle, grasping a swastika, flying above a storm cloud, from which a centered positioned lightning bolt strikes rough ground. The general criteria for its presentation was the participation in three separate combat operations on separate days. Luftwaffe soldiers who had already been awarded medals or orders of the Heer (army), such as Assault Badge or the Infantry Assault Badge, were required to exchange their badges for the Ground Assault Badge of the Luftwaffe.[1]

As the war progressed it became necessary to further distinguish those soldiers who had already exceeded the awarding criteria. To accomplish this distinction, Göring instituted four numbered grades on 10 November 1944 based on the number of combat operations. The new badge was changed at its base to incorporate the operations number marking each new grade.[2]

  • 2nd grade (II. Stufe) for 25 eligible operations
  • 3rd grade (III. Stufe) for 50 eligible operations
  • 4th grade (IV. Stufe) for 75 eligible operations
  • 5th grade (V. Stufe) for 100 eligible operations

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Transcription

Versions

Notes

  1. ^ a b Angolia 1987, p. 209.
  2. ^ Angolia 1987, pp. 209, 211.

References

  • Angolia, John (1987). For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0912138149.
  • Doehle, Heinrich (2000). Die Auszeichnungen des Grossdeutschen Reichs. Orden, Ehrenzeichen, Abzeichen. (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Patzwall. ISBN 3-931533-43-3
  • Klietmann, Kurt-Gerhard (1981). Auszeichnungen des Deutschen Reiches. 1936–1945. (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch ISBN 3-87943-689-4
This page was last edited on 30 April 2021, at 13:37
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