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Green Party of Hungary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Green Party of Hungary
Magyarországi Zöld Párt
PresidentLászló Brezovits (1990–1993)
Zoltán Medveczki (1993–2011)
Founded19 November 1989
Dissolved7 August 2011
Succeeded byHungarian Environmentalists' Party[1][2]
Paramilitary wingAlliance of National Green Youth
IdeologyGreen conservatism
Environmentalism
After 1993:
Ecofascism
Euroscepticism
Political positionCentre-right to right-wing

The Green Party of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarországi Zöld Párt; MZP), also known mostly by its shortened form Green Party, was the first green political party in Hungary and also in post-communist countries, formed on 19 November 1989 following the end of communism.

History

Several former active members of the Duna Kör had participated in the foundation of the party in Budapest on 19 November 1989. The first branches had already established in Debrecen (23 October) and Szeged (8 November).[3] The national congress elected a 15-member national board and 7-member presidency (its members were including Gábor Hraskó and Erzsébet Schmuck).[3] The MZP did not have a strong central management, two centers of power emerged (Southern Transdanubia and Cisdanubia).[4] After the failure 1990 election,[5] the Debrecen branch led by Árpád Kotsis left the party to establish the Regional Green Party of Hungary (MRZP).[4] When Zoltán Medveczki became Party President in March 1993, the party gradually changed its political position from moderate to radical right-wing.[6] The MZP adopted anti-liberal, anti-communist, anti-Semitic and pro-fascist elements to its program and also criticized privatization and market economy.[6] Medveczki also founded and registered the party's paramilitary wing, the Alliance of National Green Youth.[6]

Despite its green ideology, the MZP under Medveczki supported the construction and expansion of the Gabčíkovo–Nagymaros Dams. They rejected Hungary's join to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). On 5 June 1993, critics of Medveczki's politics, quit the party and established the Green Alternative (ZA), led by György Droppa.[6] In November 1995, Ottó Stekler also decided to left MZP to found the Hungarian Social Green Party (MSZZP). The MZP remained unsuccessful in the forthcoming elections. In 2003, the party campaigned against Hungary's against joining the European Union. Before the 2006 parliamentary election, it joined the electoral coalition of Centre Party, but did not gain any seats.[6]

Election results

National Assembly

Election year National Assembly Government
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1990
17,951
0.36%
0 / 386
extra-parliamentary
1994
8,813
0.16%
0 / 386
Steady 0 extra-parliamentary
1998
1,758
0.04%
0 / 386
Steady 0 extra-parliamentary
2002
2,221
0.04%
0 / 386
Steady 0 extra-parliamentary
2006
Centre Party
0 / 386
Steady 0 extra-parliamentary

References

  1. ^ http://public.mkab.hu/dev/dontesek.nsf/0/A90E948BCB2D51C7C1257C830021ABA8?OpenDocument
  2. ^ http://www.pakspress.hu/index.php?ugras=hirolvaso&hirszama=65854
  3. ^ a b Vida 2011, p. 430.
  4. ^ a b Vida 2011, p. 431.
  5. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p. 899. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  6. ^ a b c d e Vida 2011, p. 432.

Sources

  • Vida, István (2011). "Magyarországi Zöld Párt (MZP)". Magyarországi politikai pártok lexikona (1846–2010) [Encyclopedia of the Political Parties in Hungary (1846–2010)] (in Hungarian). Gondolat Kiadó. pp. 430–432. ISBN 978-963-693-276-3.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 October 2021, at 18:12
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