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Greeks in Israel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Greeks
Regions with significant populations
Jerusalem · Nazareth · Bethlehem
Languages
Greek, Hebrew, Yevanic, and Ladino
Religion
Greek Orthodox Church, Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Greeks in Turkey, Melkites

The Greeks have a long presence in Israel, predating the modern state.[citation needed] Greek expatriates form most of the leadership of the Eastern Greek Orthodox Church in the country.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Ancient Greece in 18 minutes
  • ✪ Did Jews in First Century Israel speak Greek?
  • ✪ The Ancient Greeks and Jews (Alexander the Great 330s BCE)

Transcription

Contents

History

Classic period

In the late 330s BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the Middle East (including the area which is now Israel), during his campaigns against the Achaemenid Empire. The landscape during this period was markedly changed by extensive growth and development that included urban planning and the establishment of well-built fortified cities. Hellenistic pottery, trade and commerce flourished, particularly in the most Hellenized areas, such as Ashkelon, Jaffa, Jerusalem, Gaza, and ancient Nablus (Tell Balatah).[2]

When the Hasmonean Kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire, the area remained under the influence of the Greek language and culture. Especially when the Byzantine Empire took the position of the Romans, Palaestina reached its greatest prosperity in antiquity. Urbanization increased, large new areas were put under cultivation, monasteries proliferated and synagogues were restored. The cities of Palaestina Prima and Teria, such as Caesarea Maritima, Jerusalem, Scythopolis, Neapolis, and Gaza reached their peak population, and the population west of the Jordan may have reached as many as one million.

Middle Ages

Since the 7th century, when the Arabs conquered the region, the Greek presence was reduced.[citation needed] Today there is a small Greek community in Israel.[citation needed] Also there are Greeks in charge of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem.[3] There is also a large number of Romaniote and Sephardic Greek Jews who emigrated from Greece and live now in Israel. Some of who made aliyah over the previous centuries with most moving to Israel after the independence.

Modern era

During the WWII some of the Greek community went to Greece voluntarily to fight against the Axis powers.[4]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Palestine in the Hellenistic Age - My Jewish Learning". myjewishlearning.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  3. ^ "Πατριαρχείον Ιεροσολύμων". jerusalem-patriarchate.info. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  4. ^ The Greek Colony is testament to Jerusalem's changing demographics.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 October 2019, at 12:09
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