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Gray County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gray County, Texas
Gray County Courthouse (Pampa, Texas).JPG
The Gray County Courthouse
Map of Texas highlighting Gray County

Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas

Texas's location within the U.S.
Founded1902
Named forPeter W. Gray
SeatPampa
Largest cityPampa
Area
 • Total929 sq mi (2,406 km2)
 • Land926 sq mi (2,398 km2)
 • Water3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010)22,535
 • Density24/sq mi (9/km2)
Congressional district13th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.gray.tx.us

Gray County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,535.[1] The county seat is Pampa.[2] The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1902.[3] is named for Peter W. Gray,[4] a Confederate lawyer and soldier in the American Civil War.

Gray County comprises the Pampa, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Gray County was the center of the White Deer Lands Management Company, which ceased operations in 1957. The history of the company is the theme of the White Deer Land Museum in Pampa, but company archives are at the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum in Canyon. Timothy Dwight Hobart, the White Deer land agent from 1903 to 1924, was elected mayor of Pampa in 1927.

The Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas served Gray County with service to Hemphill County at the Oklahoma border. Another line then connected eastward to Clinton, Oklahoma. There was an eleven-mile extension of the COW-T from rural nHeaton to the former oil camp of Coltexo in Gray County.[5] Originally a Frank Kell property, the COW-T was acquired in 1928 by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, which then leased it in 1931 to the former Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway.[6]

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Transcription

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 929 square miles (2,410 km2), of which 926 square miles (2,400 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.4%) is water.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188056
1890203262.5%
1900480136.5%
19103,405609.4%
19204,66336.9%
193022,090373.7%
194023,9118.2%
195024,7283.4%
196031,53527.5%
197026,949−14.5%
198026,386−2.1%
199023,967−9.2%
200022,744−5.1%
201022,535−0.9%
Est. 201622,725[8]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 22,744 people, 8,793 households, and 6,049 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 10,567 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.15% White, 5.85% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.23% from other races, and 2.42% from two or more races. 13.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,793 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,368, and the median income for a family was $40,019. Males had a median income of $32,401 versus $20,158 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,702. About 11.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

City

Town

Unincorporated community

Politics

Prior to 1952, Gray County was primarily Democratic similar to most of Texas & the Solid South. The county only gave a Republican presidential candidate a majority before 1952 in 1928 when Herbert Hoover won the county thanks to anti-Catholic sentiment towards Al Smith. Starting with the 1952 election, the county has become a Republican stronghold along with the rest of the Texas Panhandle. This level of Republican dominance has increased in recent years, as every Republican presidential candidate in the second millennium has racked up 80 percent of the county's vote. Additionally, in the two most recent presidential elections, Democrats Barack Obama & Hillary Clinton have failed to win even 1,000 votes total in the county.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 87.8% 6,500 9.5% 701 2.8% 204
2012 87.2% 6,443 12.0% 886 0.8% 60
2008 85.1% 6,924 14.2% 1,153 0.7% 56
2004 84.7% 7,260 15.0% 1,289 0.3% 23
2000 82.3% 6,732 16.8% 1,376 0.9% 77
1996 69.2% 6,102 24.0% 2,114 6.9% 608
1992 58.9% 6,105 23.4% 2,426 17.8% 1,841
1988 74.2% 7,259 25.2% 2,460 0.6% 62
1984 81.5% 8,955 18.2% 2,003 0.3% 30
1980 70.8% 7,187 27.5% 2,786 1.7% 176
1976 60.3% 6,010 38.9% 3,872 0.8% 80
1972 84.4% 7,968 14.5% 1,367 1.2% 109
1968 55.5% 5,994 22.0% 2,374 22.5% 2,427
1964 57.9% 5,011 42.0% 3,633 0.1% 6
1960 68.8% 6,197 31.1% 2,802 0.2% 14
1956 61.9% 5,047 37.2% 3,034 0.9% 72
1952 61.7% 5,467 38.0% 3,367 0.3% 23
1948 28.0% 1,594 64.9% 3,699 7.1% 403
1944 34.9% 1,739 61.5% 3,067 3.7% 183
1940 22.0% 1,217 77.9% 4,315 0.1% 8
1936 9.6% 464 89.8% 4,347 0.6% 28
1932 12.7% 505 86.7% 3,446 0.6% 24
1928 65.4% 1,871 34.4% 986 0.2% 6
1924 48.9% 581 51.1% 608
1920 31.0% 251 65.2% 529 3.8% 31
1916 11.7% 69 82.0% 482 6.3% 37
1912 3.1% 13 64.6% 272 32.3% 136

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 142.
  5. ^ "Coltexo, Texas". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  6. ^ "Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Phil Cates". Texas Legislative Reference Library. Retrieved June 29, 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 June 2019, at 02:29
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