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Grand River (Ohio)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Grand River
Harpersfield Covered Bridge (2015).jpg
Harpersfield Covered Bridge over the Grand River
Location of the mouth within Ohio
CountryUnited States
CountiesGeauga, Trumbull, Ashtabula, Lake
Physical characteristics
 • locationGeauga County
 • coordinates41°24′50″N 81°04′40″W / 41.4139435°N 81.0778745°W / 41.4139435; -81.0778745
MouthLake Erie
 • location
Fairport Harbor
 • coordinates
41°45′37″N 81°16′50″W / 41.7603208°N 81.2806588°W / 41.7603208; -81.2806588
Length102.7 mi (165.3 km)
Basin size712 sq mi (1,840 km2)
Basin features
USGS Cataloging Unit04110004[1]

The Grand River is a tributary of Lake Erie, 102.7 miles (165.3 km) long,[2] in northeastern Ohio in the United States.[3] Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. It drains an area of 712 mi² (1844 km²).[2]

The Grand River begins in southeastern Geauga County and initially flows eastward into Trumbull County. Downstream of West Farmington it turns northward into Ashtabula County, where it flows through the village of Rock Creek and then turns westward into Lake County, where it flows through the communities of Painesville and Grand River before flowing into Lake Erie in Fairport Harbor.[4]

Watershed description

On January 17, 1974, the Grand River became Ohio's second wild and scenic river. Designated sections include: from Harpersfield covered bridge downstream to the Norfolk and Western Railway trestle south of Painesville (wild, 23 miles) and from the US 322 in Ashtabula County downstream to Harpersfield covered bridge (scenic, 33 miles). The Grand Wild and Scenic River represents one of the finest examples of a natural stream to be found anywhere in Ohio. Due to its rugged topography, the Grand River has not until recently felt the influences of urbanization. During the Pleistocene or Ice Age, the Wisconsinan glacier spread over Ohio in lobes, one of which is known as the Grand River lobe. This lobe ground and scraped its way south across northeastern Ohio, but was halted by the steep, erosion-resistant sandstone hills found to the south. The upper portion of the Grand River in Ashtabula County is designated scenic. The river is bordered in many areas by extensive swamp forests of elm, ash, maple, pine, pin oak and swamp white oak. The slow flow of this section of the river along with the adjoining wetlands provides excellent habitat for a number of wildlife species, especially river otters, which have made a strong comeback after their reintroduction by the Division of Wildlife in 1986 and 1988. The lower section of the Grand River in Lake County is designated wild. Here, the river is characterized by steeply-incised valley walls of Chagrin Shale. A view of the river in this area is truly spectacular especially following spring and summer showers when waterfalls cascade over the steep shale bluffs. Insuring the natural heritage of the Grand River is not limited to protecting the immediate streamside environment. Land use activities within the watershed; such as urban and residential development may have a direct and adverse effect on the long-term protection and preservation of this important Ohio water resource. The Grand River has the most aquatic diversity of any Ohio Lake Erie tributary. The Grand River has an active partnership group working with the state scenic rivers program and other agencies to assist with the rivers preservation. [12]

2006 flood

On July 28, 2006, the Grand River overflowed its banks and caused a state of emergency in Lake County[5][6] and Ashtabula County[citation needed] due to flooding. The river reached 11 feet above flood level, a 500-year flood, due to a 1,000-year 48-hour rain.[7][8] The flooding was so powerful that it caused a tributary (Paine Creek) to change course in at least one location.[9] The area was subsequently declared a Federal Disaster area.[10]


The first settlers of the Western Reserve landed at Fairport Harbor before they began the overland portion of their journey South to settlements such as Burton.[11]

Variant names

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Grand River has also been known historically as:[12]

  • Grande Riviere
  • Chereage River
  • Chocago River
  • Chogage River
  • Geauga River
  • Geaugah River
  • Riviere Charage
  • Sheauga River


The principal tributaries by length are Mill Creek 28.8 miles (46.3 km), Rock Creek 18.4 miles (29.6 km), and Big Creek 15.6 miles (25.1 km).[2]

See also


  1. ^ "Boundary Descriptions and Names of Regions, Subregions, Accounting Units and Cataloging Units". United States Geological Survey Water Resources.
  2. ^ a b c Ohio Department of Natural Resources. A Guide to Ohio Streams. Archived September 4, 2005, at the Wayback Machine Chapter 10: Major Ohio Watersheds (pdf)
  3. ^ Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ *DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 978-0-89933-233-8
  5. ^ Farkas, Karen (2006-07-29). "Rain and fury: Floodwaters swamp Lake County homes, roads, carry off boats". The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
  6. ^ Hutchison, John Arthur; David W. Jones (2006-07-29). "Taft declares Lake County in emergency status". The News-Herald. Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
  7. ^ "Lake County, Ohio, flood exceeded 500-year level Archived December 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine," United States Geological Survey press release, August 7, 2006
  8. ^ "Flood of July 27–31, 2006, on the Grand River near Painesville, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007–1164 Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine," United States Geological Survey (Ebner/Sherwood/Astifan/Lombardy), 2007
  9. ^ Martin, Maggi (2007-08-13). "Bridge reopens; wineries rejoice: Repair closes gap in tourist route". The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
  10. ^ Federal Emergency Management Agency, Ohio Severe Storms, Straight Line Winds, and Flooding - Declared August 1, 2006 Archived August 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Lupold, Harry Forrest; Haddad, Gladys (1988). Ohio's Western Reserve: A Regional Reader. Kent State University Press. ISBN 9780873383721.
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Grand River

External links

Media related to Grand River (Ohio) at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 7 May 2021, at 02:04
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