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Governorate General of Brazil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governorate General of Brazil

Governo-Geral do Brasil
1549–1572

1578–1607

1613–1621
Captaincies of the Governorate General of Brazil by 1574
Captaincies of the Governorate General of Brazil by 1574
StatusColonial State of the Portuguese Empire
CapitalSão Salvador
Common languagesPortuguese
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentMonarchy
Monarch 
• 1549–1557
John III
• 1598–1621
Philip II
Governor General 
• 1549–1553
Tomé de Sousa
History 
• Established
1549
• Disestablished
1621
CurrencyPortuguese Real
ISO 3166 codeBR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Captaincy Colonies of Brazil
Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro
Governorate General of Bahia
Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro
Governorate General of Bahia
State of Brazil
State of Maranhão (colonial)

The Governorate General of Brazil (Governo-Geral do Brasil) was a colonial administration of the Portuguese Empire in present-day Brazil. A governorate was equivalent in status to a viceroyalty, though the title viceroy didn't come into use until the early 18th century. They were ruled by a Governor General who reported to the Crown. The Governor General had direct authority over the constituent royal captaincies, and nominal but ill-defined authority over the donatary captaincies. One captaincy, that of Duarte Coelho in Pernambuco, was exempt by royal decree from the authority of the Governors General.

History

In 1549, in order to solve the governance problem of his South American colonies, King John III of Portugal established the Governorate General of Brazil.[1] The governorate united the fifteen original donatary captaincy colonies some of which had reverted to the Crown, and others of which had been abandoned, into a single colony, but each captaincy would continue to exist as a provincial administrative unit of the governorate.[2] For two brief periods from 1572–78 and 1607–13, the Governorate General of Brazil was partitioned into the Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro in the south, and the Governorate General of Bahia in the north.

In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was partitioned into two colonies, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão.

Composition

For list of captaincies, see Captaincies of Brazil.

From the original captaincies, additional donatary captaincies were carved out.

Captaincies Created under the Governorates

  • Captaincy of Paraíba
  • Captaincy of Rio Grande de Norte
  • Captaincy of Cabo Frio
  • Captaincy of Paraguacu
  • Captaincy of Itaparica and Itamarandiba

The northern section of the captaincy of Sao Vicente was renamed to Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro.

Governors General

  • Tome de Sousa, 1549-1553
  • Duarte da Costa, 1553-1558
  • Mem de Sá, 1558-1572
  • Luís de Brito de Almeida 1573-1578 (Bahia)
  • Cristóvão de Barros 1572-1574 (Rio de Janeiro)
  • Lourenço da Veiga 1578-1581
  • 1581-1583 D. Fr. António Barreiros, Bishop of Baía, Cosme Rangel & Cristóvão de Barros, (interim)
  • Manuel Teles Barreto 1583-1587
  • 1587-1591 D. Fr. António Barreiros, Bishop of Baía, Martim leitão & Cristóvão de Barros, (interim)
  • D. Francisco de Sousa 1591-1602
  • Diogo Botelho 1603-1607
    • Generalgouverneur: Diogo Botelho (1602–1608)
    • Generalgouverneur, Bahia: Diogo de Meneses e Sequeira (1608–1613)
  • Lourenço da Veiga 1607-1613 (Bahia)
  • Afonso de Albuquerque 1608-1613 (Rio de Janeiro)
  • Diogo de Meneses 1608-1612
  • Gaspar de Sousa 1612–1617
  • Luís de Sousa 1617–1621

References

External links

This page was last edited on 9 July 2019, at 14:28
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