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Governor of Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governor of Victoria
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
Badge of the Governor
Flag of the Governor of Victoria.svg
Flag of the Governor
Incumbent
Linda Dessau AC

since 1 July 2015
Viceregal
StyleHer Excellency the Honourable
ResidenceGovernment House, Melbourne
SeatMelbourne
NominatorPremier of Victoria
AppointerMonarch of Australia
on the advice of the Premier
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
(usually 5 years by convention)
Formation22 May 1855
First holderSir Charles Hotham
DeputyLieutenant-Governor of Victoria
Websitegovernor.vic.gov.au

The Governor of Victoria is the representative of the monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the Australian state of Victoria. The Governor is one of seven viceregal representatives in the country, analogous to the governors of the other states, and the Governor-General federally.

The Governor is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Premier of Victoria. Unlike in other federal monarchies such as Canada, the Governor's role is to represent the Crown in right of Victoria itself, rather than being a delegate of the federal viceroy. This role mainly includes performing ceremonial functions, such as opening and dissolving Parliament, appointing the Cabinet, and providing royal assent.

The governor's office and official residence is Government House next to the Royal Botanic Gardens and surrounded by Kings Domain in Melbourne.

The current Governor of Victoria is former judge Linda Dessau, Victoria's first female governor.[1]

Powers

In accordance with the conventions of the Westminster system of parliamentary government, the governor nearly always acts solely on the advice of the head of the elected government, the Premier of Victoria. Nevertheless, the governor retains the reserve powers of the Crown, and has the right to dismiss the premier.[2]

Role of governor

The Governor of Victoria is appointed by the Queen of Australia, on the advice of the Premier of Victoria, to act as her representative as head of state in Victoria.[3] The Governor acts "at the Queen's pleasure", meaning that the term of the Governor can be terminated at any time by the Queen acting upon the advice of the premier.

Since the Australia Acts of 1986, it is the governor, and not the queen, who exercises all the powers of the head of state, and the governor is not subject to the direction or supervision of the monarch, but acts upon the advice of the premier. Upon appointment, he or she becomes a viceroy. The governor's main responsibilities fall into three categories – constitutional, ceremonial and community engagement.[3]

Governor's Personal Standard

The Personal Standard of the Governor of Victoria is the same design as the State Flag of Victoria, but with the blue background replaced by gold, and red stars depicting the Southern Cross. Above the Southern Cross is the Royal Crown.

The current standard has been in place since 1984. Previously, the standard used by Victorian governors after 1870 had been the Union Jack with the Badge of the State of Victoria emblazoned in the centre.[4] Between 1903 and 1953, the Tudor Crown was used on the State Flag and Governor's Standard, and this was changed to the present crown in 1954.

The Governor's Standard is flown at Government House and on vehicles conveying the governor. The Standard is lowered over Government House when the governor is absent from Victoria.[4]

Past and present standards of the governor

Related offices

There is also a lieutenant-governor and an administrator. The Chief Justice of Victoria is ex officio the Administrator, unless he or she is the lieutenant-governor, in which case, the next most senior judge is the administrator. The lieutenant-governor takes on the responsibilities of the governor when that post is vacant or when the governor is out of the state or unable to act. The administrator takes on those duties if both the governor and lieutenant-governor are not able to act for the above reasons.

See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of governor.

Australianisation of the office

As with the other states, until the 1986 Australia Acts, the office of Governor of Victoria was an appointment of the British Foreign Office although local advice was considered and sometimes accepted.

Until the appointment of Victorian-born Sir Henry Winneke in 1974, the Governors of Victoria were British. Since then, governors have been Australian although several were born overseas, namely Dr Davis McCaughey, born in Ireland, came to Australia for work; and Professor David de Kretser, born in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and Alex Chernov, born in Lithuania, both of whom came to Australia while at school.

List of Governors of Victoria

Lieutenant-governors

Prior to the separation of the colony of Victoria from New South Wales in 1851, the area was called the Port Phillip District of New South Wales. The Governor of New South Wales appointed superintendents of the District. In 1839 Charles La Trobe was appointed superintendent. La Trobe became Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria on separation on 1 July 1851.

Between 1850 and 1861, the Governor of New South Wales was titled Governor-General of New South Wales, in an attempt to form a federal structure. Until Victoria obtained responsible government in 1855, the Governor-General of New South Wales appointed lieutenant-governors to Victoria.[5] On Victoria obtaining responsible government in May 1855, the title of the then incumbent lieutenant-governor, Captain Sir Charles Hotham, became governor.

No. Image Lieutenant-governor From To
1
Charleslatrobe.jpg
Captain Charles La Trobe 1 July 1851 5 May 1854
2
Charles Hotham by James Henry Lynch-crop.jpg
Captain Sir Charles Hotham KCB RN 22 June 1854 22 May 1855

Governors

No. Image Governor From To Notes
1
Charles Hotham by James Henry Lynch-crop.jpg
Captain Sir Charles Hotham KCB RN 22 May 1855 31 December 1855 Edward Macarthur was administrator from January to December 1856[6]
2
Henry Barkly.jpg
Sir Henry Barkly GCMG KCB FRS FRGS 26 December 1856 10 September 1863
3
Portrait of Sir Charles Darling 1863 wood engraving.jpg
Sir Charles Darling KCB 11 September 1863 7 May 1866 George Carey acted May to August 1866[7]
4
3rdViscountCanterbury.jpg
The Rt Hon. Viscount Canterbury GCMG KCB 15 August 1866 2 March 1873
5
George Bowen b.jpg
The Rt Hon. Sir George Bowen GCMG 30 July 1873 22 February 1879
6
GeorgePhipps2ndMarquessOfNormanby.jpg
The Most Hon. Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC 29 April 1879 18 April 1884
7
Henry Loch Vanity Fair 5 July 1894.jpg
Sir Henry Brougham Loch GCMG KCB 15 July 1884 15 November 1889
8
Lord Hopetoun 1902.jpg
The Right Hon. Earl of Hopetoun KT GCMG GCVO PC 28 November 1889 12 July 1895
9
Brassey1.JPG
The Rt Hon. Lord Brassey GCB JP DL TD 25 October 1895 31 March 1900
10
George Sydenham Clarke.jpg
Sir George Clarke KCMG 28 September 1901[8] 24 November 1903
11
Reginald Talbot Vanity Fair 22 July 1897.jpg
The Hon. Major-General Sir Reginald Talbot KCB 25 April 1904 6 July 1908
12
Thomas Gibson Carmichael.jpg
The Rt Hon. Lord Carmichael GCSI GCIE KCMG DL 27 July 1908 19 May 1911
13
John Fuller.jpg
The Rt Hon. Sir John Fuller Bt KCMG 24 May 1911 24 November 1913
14
Arthur Stanley.jpg
Sir Arthur Stanley KCMG 23 February 1914 30 January 1920
15
The Earl of Stradbroke in 1915.jpg
The Rt Hon. Earl of Stradbroke KCMG CB CVO CBE VD TD 24 February 1921 7 April 1926
16
Lord Somers Governor 1926.jpg
The Rt Hon. Lord Somers KCMG DSO MC 28 June 1926 23 June 1931
17
Lord huntingfield.jpg
The Rt Hon. Lord Huntingfield KCMG 14 May 1934 4 April 1939
18
Winston Dugan.jpg
The Rt Hon. Major General Lord Dugan GCMG CB DSO 17 July 1939 20 February 1949
19
Sir Dallas Brooks talking with the Governor of West Australia, Sir James Mitchell.jpg
General Sir Reginald Dallas Brooks GCMG KCB KCVO DSO 18 October 1949 7 May 1963
20
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
Major General Sir Rohan Delacombe KCMG KCVO KBE CB DSO 8 May 1963 31 May 1974
21
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
The Hon. Sir Henry Winneke AC KCMG KCVO OBE QC 1 June 1974 28 February 1982
22
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
Rear Admiral Sir Brian Murray KCMG AO 1 March 1982 3 October 1985
23
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
The Reverend Dr Davis McCaughey AC 18 February 1986 22 April 1992
24
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
The Hon. Richard McGarvie AC QC 23 April 1992 23 April 1997
25
Badge of the Governor of Victoria.svg
The Hon. Sir James Gobbo AC CVO QC 24 April 1997 31 December 2000
26
Bannister and Landy.jpg
Mr. John Landy AC CVO MBE 1 January 2001 7 April 2006
27
David de Kretser Dsc 6787.jpg
Professor David de Kretser AC 7 April 2006 7 April 2011
28
Alex Chernov Governor of Victoria.png
The Hon. Alex Chernov AC QC 8 April 2011 30 June 2015
29
Linda Dessau.jpg
The Hon. Linda Dessau AC 1 July 2015 Incumbent

Living former governors

As of July 2015, four former governors are alive, the oldest being John Landy (2001–06, born 1930). The most recent governor to die was Davis McCaughey (1986–92), on 25 March 2005. The most recently serving governor to die was Richard McGarvie (1992–1997), on 24 May 2003.

Name Term as governor Date of birth and age
Sir James Gobbo 1997–2000 (1931-03-22) 22 March 1931 (age 89)
John Landy 2001–2006 (1930-04-12) 12 April 1930 (age 90)
David de Kretser 2006–2011 (1939-04-27) 27 April 1939 (age 81)
Alex Chernov 2011–2015 (1938-05-12) 12 May 1938 (age 82)

Line of succession

There is also a lieutenant-governor and an administrator. The lieutenant-governor takes on the responsibilities of the governor when that post is vacant or when the governor is out of the state or unable to act. The lieutenant-governor is appointed by the governor on the advice of the Premier of Victoria. Appointment as lieutenant-governor does not of itself confers any powers or functions. If there is no governor or if the governor is unavailable to act for a substantial period, the lieutenant-governor assumes office as administrator and exercises all the powers and functions of the governor.

If expecting to be unavailable for a short period only, the governor with the consent of the premier, usually commissions the lieutenant-governor to act as deputy for the governor, performing some or all of the powers and functions of the governor.[9]

The Chief Justice of Victoria is ex officio the administrator, unless he or she is the lieutenant-governor, in which case, the next most senior judge is the administrator. The administrator takes on the governor's duties if both the governor and lieutenant-governor are not able to act for the above reasons.

The current lieutenant-governor is Ken Lay, who was appointed to the role on 9 November 2017 to succeed Marilyn Warren.

See also

References

  1. ^ Willingham, Richard (11 February 2015). "Linda Dessau will become Victoria's first female Governor". The Age. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  2. ^ Constitution of Victoria (1975), Part 1.
  3. ^ a b Role of the governor
  4. ^ a b The Governor's Standard
  5. ^ Twomey, Anne (2006). The chameleon Crown: The Queen and her Australian governors. Sydney: The Federation Press. ISBN 978-1-86287-629-3.
  6. ^ Hill, A. J. (1974). "Macarthur, Sir Edward (1789–1872)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 5. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 6 January 2013 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  7. ^ McConville, Chris. "Carey, George Jackson (1822–1872)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 26 November 2013 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  8. ^ "No. 27360". The London Gazette. 1 October 1901. p. 6395.
  9. ^ Victoria Online

External links

This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 01:55
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