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List of colonial governors of Sierra Leone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of colonial administrators in Sierra Leone from the establishment of the Province of Freedom by the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor in 1787 until Sierra Leone's independence in 1961.

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Transcription

Contents

Administrator (1787)

On 14 May 1787, the Province of Freedom was founded by the Committee for the Relief of the Black Poor for freed slaves.

  • B. Thompson (14 May – September 1787)

Governor (1787–1789)

On 22 August 1788, the Province of Freedom and land along the Freetown peninsula was granted to Captain John Taylor of HMS <i>Miro</i>. In 1789, it was abandoned.

  • John Taylor (August 1788 – 1789)

Agent (1791–1792)

In January 1791, the Granville Town was restored by the St. George Bay Company.

Superintendent (1792)

In 1792, Freetown was founded as the main town of the newly established Colony of Sierra Leone

Governors (1792–1827)

On 5 July 1799, the Province of Freedom was renamed Sierra Leone.

  • Thomas Ludlam (May 1799 – 1800) (1st time)
  • John Gray (1800 – January 1801) (2nd time)
  • William Dawes (January 1801 – February 1803) (3rd time)
  • William Day (February 1803 – 1803) (1st time)
  • Thomas Ludlam (1803 – 1805) (2nd time)
  • William Day (1805 – 4 November 1805) (2nd time)

On 1 January 1808, Sierra Leone (including coastal area) becomes Crown colony of the United Kingdom, and Sierra Leone Company rule was ended.

  • Thomas Ludlam (1806 – 21 July 1808) (3rd time, acting to 1 January 1808)
  • Thomas Perronet Thompson (21 July 1808 – 12 February 1810)
  • Edward H. Columbine (12 February 1810 – May 1811)
  • Robert Bones (May – 1 July 1811) (acting)
  • Charles William Maxwell (1 July 1811 – July 1815)
  • Charles MacCarthy (July – December 1814) (1st time, acting for Maxwell)
  • J. Mailing (December 1814 – January 1815) (acting for Maxwell)
  • R. Purdie (January – March 1815) (acting for Maxwell)
  • William Appleton (March – June 1815) (acting for Maxwell)
  • Captain Henry Barry Hyde (June – July 1815) (acting for Maxwell)
  • Charles MacCarthy (from 1820, Sir Charles Macarthy) (July 1815 – July 1820) (2nd time, acting to 1 January 1816)
  • Sir Alexander Grant (28 July 1820 – 1 February 1821) (1st time, acting)
  • E. Burke (1 February 1821 – 4 February 1821) (acting)

On 17 October 1821, Sierra Leone territory becomes part of British West African Territories. Its Governorship was held simultaneously by Governor (from 1827 until 1837 Lieutenant governor) of Sierra Leone.

Lieutenant governors (1827–1837)

Governors (1837–1961)

Flag of the Governor of Sierra Leone from 1889 to 1916
Flag of the Governor of Sierra Leone from 1889 to 1916
Flag of the Governor of Sierra Leone from 1916 to 1961
Flag of the Governor of Sierra Leone from 1916 to 1961
  • Richard Doherty (1837–1840)
  • John Jeremie (1840 – April 1841)
  • John Carr (April – September 1841) (acting)
  • William Fergusson (September 1841 – January 1842) (1st time, acting)
  • George Macdonald (January 1842 – July 1844)
  • William Fergusson (July 1844 – 1845) (2nd time) (note the link to William Fergusson Bart may be incorrect as sources indicate that this William Fergusson 1795–1846, physician and colonial governor, was born in Jamaica, the son of a Scottish father and a mother of African descent: ref.1. https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-49294?rskey=R4PvRe&result=1 ; ref.2. "William Fergusson, born in 1795 in the West Indies to an African American mother and a Scottish-settler father, enrolled on a medical degree at the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, in 1809 – apparently aged only 14 (Shepperson, 1964). After becoming a licentiate of the Royal 9 College of Surgeons of Scotland in 1813, Fergusson was posted to Sierra Leone as second surgeon to the colony. In 1845, around the time ten-year-old Horton would have been entering the Church Missionary Society Grammar School, Fergusson became governor of the colony – “the first, and last, governor of a British African colony of African descent.” (Fyfe, 2004)." http://uncover-ed.org/james-africanus-beale-horton/)

On 13 January 1850, the British West African Territories was dissolved and Sierra Leone again becomes a separate crown colony.

On 19 February 1866, Sierra Leone territory becomes part of the British West African Settlements. Its Governorship was held simultaneously by Governor of Sierra Leone.

On 17 December 1874, British West African Settlements was renamed British West Africa Settlements.

On 28 November 1888, the British West Africa Settlements was dissolved and Sierra Leone again becomes a separate crown colony .

  • Sir James Shaw Hay (1888–1889) (2nd time, acting to 24 November 1888)
  • Patchett and Foster (1889) (acting)
  • J.M. Maltby (1889–1890) (2nd time)
  • Sir James Shaw Hay (1890–1891) (3rd time)
  • J.J. Crooks (1891–1892) (acting)
  • W.H.Q. Jones (1892) (1st time, acting)
  • Francis Fleming (1892–1893) (1st time)
  • W.H.Q. Jones (1893) (2nd time, acting)
  • Francis Fleming (1893–1894) (2nd time)
  • W.H.Q. Jones (1894) (3rd time, acting)
  • Frederic Cardew (1894–1895) (1st time)
  • Caulfield (1895 – 24 August 1895) (1st time, acting)

On 24 August 1895, hinterland of Sierra Leone becomes British protectorate, and crown colony was renamed Sierra Leone Colony and Protectorate.

In 1961, Sierra Leone achieved independence from the United Kingdom. After independence, the viceroy in Sierra Leone was the Governor-General of Sierra Leone.

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/21358/page/2479
  2. ^ "No. 27245". The London Gazette. 9 November 1900. p. 6854.
  3. ^ "Latest intelligence - Sierra Leone". The Times (36878). London. 20 September 1902. p. 6.
  4. ^ a b "Latest intelligence - Sierra Leone". The Times (36891). London. 6 October 1902. p. 4.

This page was last edited on 25 December 2019, at 01:44
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