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List of governors of Bengal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From 1760, a governor represented the British East India Company in which had been granted the right to establish a trading post by the Nawabs of Bengal. Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the second governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

Below is a list of the governors of Bengal during the British Raj:

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  • ✪ Governor Generals of Bengal (1757 - 1833)
  • ✪ MODERN HISTORY : GOVERNORS OF BENGAL | IMPORTANT TIPS | SSC CGL General Awareness Revision
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  • ✪ Important British Viceroys / Governor Generals and Their Contributions | Indian Modern History

Transcription

Contents

Chief agents, 1681–1684

Name Took office Left office
William Hedges 1681 1684
John Beard 1684 1684

Presidents, 1684–1694

Name Took office Left office
William Gyfford 1684 1685
Job Charnock 1685 1693
Francis Ellis 1693 1693
Charles Eyre 1693 1694

Chief Agents, 1694–1700

Name Took office Left office
Charles Eyre 1694 1698
'John Beard 1698 1699
Charles Eyre 1699 1700

Presidents, 1700–1758

Name Took office Left office
Charles Eyre 1700 1701
John Beard 1701 1705
Edward Littleton 1705 1705
'Ruled by a council' 1705 1710
Anthony Weltden 1710 1711
John Russell 1711 1713
Robert Hedges 1713 1718
Samuel Flake 1718 1723
John Deane 1723 1726
Henry Frankland 1726 1728
Edward Stephenson 1728 1728
John Deane 1728 1732
John Stackhouse 1732 1739
Thomas Broddyll 1739 1746
John Forster 1746 1748
William Barwell 1748 1749
Adam Dawson 1749 1752
William Fytche 1752 1752
Roger Drake 1752 1756

Under the leadership of Robert Clive, British troops and their local allies defeated the nawab on 23 June 1757 at the Battle of Plassey. The nawab was assassinated in Murshidabad, and the British installed their own replacement. Clive became governor.

Governors (1758–1773), Governor Generals of Bengal (1773–1833), Governor Generals of India (1833–1858)

Name Took office Left office
Robert Clive 1758 1760
Henry Vansittart 1760 1765
Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive 1765 1767
Harry Verelst 1767 1769
John Cartier 1769 1772
Warren Hastings 1773 1785
SirJohn Macpherson, 1st Baronet 1785 1786
Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis 1786 1793
Sir John Shore 1793 1798
Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley 1798 1805
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis 1805 1805
SirGeorge Barlow, 1st Baronet 1805 1807
Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, The Lord Minto 1807 1813
Francis Rawdon-Hastings, The Earl of Moira 1813 1823
John Adam 1823 1823
William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst 1823 1828
William Butterworth Bayley 1828 1828
William Bentinck 1828 1835
SirCharles Metcalfe, Bt 1835 1836
George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland 1836 1842
Edward Law, 1st Earl of Ellenborough 1842 1844
William Wilberforce Bird 1842 1844
Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge 1844 1848
James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie 1848 1856

Under the Charter Act 1853 the Governor General of India was relieved of his concurrent duties as Governor of Bengal and empowered to appoint a lieutenant-governor from 1854.

Lieutenant-Governors, 1854–1912

Name Took office Left office
Frederick James Halliday 1854 1859
John Peter Grant 1859 1862
Cecil Beadon 1862 1866
William Grey 1867 1870
George Campbell 1870 1874
Richard Temple 1874 1877
Ashley Eden 1877 1882
Augustus Thompson 1882 1887
Steuart Colvin Bayley 1887 1890
Charles Alfred Elliott 1890 1893
Anthony MacDonnell 1893 1895
Alexander Mackenzie 1895 1897
Charles Stevens 1897 1898
John Woodburn 1898 1902
James Bourdillon 1902 1903
Andrews Henderson Leith Frazer 1903 1906
Lancelot Hare 1906 1906
Francis Slacke 1906 1908
Edward Norman Baker 1908 1911
William Duke 1911 1912

In 1911, the British reunited east and west Bengal to form a single province under a governor.

Governors of Bengal Province, 1912–1947

Name Took office Left office
Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael 1912 1917
Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay 1917 1922
Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton 1922 1927
SirStanley Jackson 1927 1932
SirJohn Anderson 1932 1937
Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne 1937 1938
SirJohn Arthur Herbert 1939 1943
Richard Casey 1944 1946
SirFrederick Burrows 1946 1947

Post-independence (1947 onwards)

In 1947, the British Raj came to an end, and the new countries of India and Pakistan were created. Bengal was partitioned into two in anticipation of this in 1946, and following independence West Bengal joined India, and East Bengal (renamed as East Pakistan in 1956) joined Pakistan only to secede later in 1972 as Bangladesh.

For a continuation of governors of West Bengal, see list of Governors of West Bengal, and for East Bengal, see East Bengal, East Pakistan, and finally, list of Presidents of Bangladesh.

See also

References

http://www.worldstatesmen.org/India_BrProvinces.htm

External links

This page was last edited on 27 December 2019, at 17:24
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