To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Governor-General of Ceylon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governor-General of Ceylon
Coat of Arms Ceylon dominion.svg
Coat of Arms of the Dominion of Ceylon
StyleExcellency
ResidenceQueen's House
AppointerMonarch, on the advice of the Prime Minister
PrecursorGovernor of British Ceylon
Formation4 February 1948
First holderSir Henry Monck-Mason Moore
Final holderWilliam Gopallawa
Abolished22 May 1972
SuccessionPresident of Sri Lanka
Salary£8,000 a year

The Governor-general of Ceylon was the representative of the monarch in the Dominion of Ceylon from the country's independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 until it became the republic of Sri Lanka in 1972.[1]

History

There were four governors-general.

Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore became the last Governor of Ceylon and first governor-general when the Ceylon Order in Council, the first constitution of independent Ceylon came into effect. He was followed by Lord Soulbury, thereafter by Sir Oliver Goonetilleke the first Ceylonese to be appointed to the post. When William Gopallawa was appointed as Governor-General in 1962, he discarded the ceremonial uniform of office.

When Ceylon became a republic in 1972 the post was replaced by the office of President of Sri Lanka.

Functions

The monarch, on the advice of the Prime Minister, appointed a governor-general to be his/her representative in Ceylon. Neither the monarch nor the Governor-General had any direct role in the day-today administration of the country (however, both possessed reserve powers under the constitution which would allow them full control of the nation's governance whenever in their opinion a case of emergency requiring such action arises). Real legislative and executive responsibilities rested with the elected representatives of the people. During several periods when a state of emergency was declared the Governor-General used his reserved powers. In the absence of the governor-general, the Chief Justice of Ceylon became acting Governor-General.

The Governor-General's powers and functions was informally divided into three areas: powers exercised on the advice of the prime minister, discretionary powers exercised on own ceremonial and social.

Powers exercised on the advice of the prime minister

The governor-general was required to assent all bills passed in parliament to become an Act, by convention all bills received assent. In addition, the constitution and other legislation granted the governor-general powers to be carried out on advice of the prime minister, these included;[2]

Discretionary powers

The governor-general had the discretionary powers to appoint the prime minister, dissolve parliament and dismissal of a government that refuses to resign. The governor-general administers the oath of office of ministers and parliamentary sectaries. It is to the governor-general they would tender their resignations too.[2]

Constitutional role

The governor-general represented the monarch on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of Parliament, the presentation of honours and military parades. Under the Constitution, he was given authority to act in some matters, for example in appointing and disciplining officers of the civil service, in proroguing Parliament and so on, but only in a few cases was he empowered to act entirely on his own discretion.[2]

Governor-General's Staff

The Governor-General had a permanent staff that was based at the Queen's House to assist in execution of his duties.

The Governor-General several Extra Aides-de-camp to serve on a permanent or ad-hoc basis. The Governor-General also maintained a ceremonial Lascarin Guard.

Residence

The official residence and office of the governor-general was the Queen's House (currently the President's House) in Colombo. Other Governor-General residences include:

Governors-general of Ceylon

Governor-Generals of Ceylon 1948–1972[3]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Sovereign
Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore
GCMG KStJ
(1887–1964)
4 February 1948 6 July 1949 George VI
Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury.jpg
Herwald Ramsbotham, 1st Viscount Soulbury
GCMG GCVO OBE MC PC
(1887–1971)
6 July 1949 17 July 1954
Elizabeth II
Sir Oliver Goonetilleke.gif
Sir Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
GCMG KCVO KBE
(1892–1978)
17 July 1954 2 March 1962
William Gopallawa.jpg
William Gopallawa
MBE
(1897–1981)
2 March 1962 22 May 1972
Acting Governors-general
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Sovereign
No image.png
Acting
Justice Arthur Wijewardena
(1887–1964)
1953 1953 Elizabeth II
No image.png
Acting
Justice C. Nagalingam
KC
(1893–1958)
1954 1954

Flag of the governor-general

References

  1. ^ "Ceylon Constitution Order in Council 1946". Tamilnation. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Cooray, L.J.M. (1984). Constitutional Government in Sri Lanka (First ed.). Colombo: Lake House Printers and Publishers.
  3. ^ Lentz, Harris M. (1994). Heads of States and Governments Since 1945. New York.: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 704. ISBN 1-884964-44-3. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 07:46
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.