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González (surname)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spanish surnames by province of residence.png
González is the most common surname in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
PronunciationPlural Gonzálezes; possessive González's, Gonzálezes'
Language(s)Visigothic/Ancient Germanic, Spanish
Meaning"castle", "Son of Gonzalo"
Region of originSpain
Other names
Variant form(s)
  • Gonzalez (no accent)
  • Gonzáles
  • Gonzales
  • Gonzalés
  • Gonçalves

González is a Spanish surname, the second most common (2.16% of the population) in Spain.[1][full citation needed] One of the five most common surnames in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, and Venezuela[2][full citation needed] – González is one of the most common surnames in the entire Spanish-speaking world. As of 2017, it is the 13th most common surname in the United States.[3][full citation needed]


González is a Spanish name. Its origins trace back to a Visigothic name combining the words gunþo(guntho) (battle or war) and alf (elf); the Latinized form was Gundisalv. As the Spanish language developed, the name transformed into Gonzálo and its surname derivative González.[4] Some believe the name to mean "war hall", as evidenced by the castle in a field of blood on its family crest and the Visigothic cultural origins of the nation of Spain. González is also taken to mean "son of Gonzalo", "noble warrior", "soldier" or "castle guard".[5] Common spellings include: Gonzalez (no acute accent), Gonzáles, Gonzales, Gonzalés, and the Portuguese variant Gonçalves. The variant Consolus appears among people descended from a Spaniard with the surname Gonsález who settled in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam.[citation needed]

Geographical distribution

As of 2014, 31.8% of all known bearers of the surname González were residents of Mexico (frequency 1:44), 10.8% of Spain (1:49), 10.0% of Venezuela (1:34), 7.4% of Argentina (1:66), 7.1% of the United States (1:584), 6.7% of Colombia (1:81), 5.1% of Cuba (1:26), 4.2% of Chile (1:48), 3.1% of Paraguay (1:27), 2.7% of Guatemala (1:68), 1.7% of Panama (1:27), 1.7% of Nicaragua (1:42), 1.4% of the Dominican Republic (1:85), 1.1% of El Salvador (1:67) and 1.1% of Ecuador (1:171).

In Spain, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:49) in the following autonomous communities:

  1. Asturias (1:20)
  2. Canary Islands (1:22)
  3. Castile and León (1:29)
  4. Cantabria (1:30)
  5. Galicia (1:33)
  6. Extremadura (1:36)
  7. Andalusia (1:49)

In Cuba, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:26) in the following provinces:[6]

  1. Artemisa (1:18)
  2. Cienfuegos (1:19)
  3. Mayabeque (1:19)
  4. Ciego de Ávila (1:19)
  5. Matanzas (1:24)
  6. Sancti Spíritus (1:24)
  7. Isla de la Juventud (1:24)
  8. Pinar del Río (1:25)
  9. Villa Clara (1:25)
  10. Santiago de Cuba (1:25)

People named González

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See also


  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística; published May 20, 2020; <!tabs-1254736195497>
  2. ^ Several sources from Wikipedia in Spanish <es:Anexo:Apellidos más comunes>
  3. ^
  4. ^ Donovan Woods, Richard (1978). Spanish Surnames in the Southwestern United States: A Dictionary. G.K. Hall. p. 67. ISBN 9780816181452.
  5. ^; "Genealogy: Name Meaning and Origin"; <>; retrieved May 27, 2007
  6. ^ Gonzalez surname distribution
This page was last edited on 4 July 2021, at 05:44
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