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Golden Spike National Historical Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Golden Spike National Historical Park
A111, Golden Spike National Historic Site, Utah, USA, 2004.jpg
The Central Pacific Jupiter and Union Pacific No. 119 locomotives at the Golden Spike National Historical Park
Location in the United States
Location in Utah
LocationBox Elder County, Utah
United States
Nearest cityCorinne
Coordinates41°37′04″N 112°33′06″W / 41.6179°N 112.5516°W / 41.6179; -112.5516[1]
Area2,735 acres (11.07 km2)
EstablishedApril 2, 1957
Visitors40,156 (in 2005)
Governing bodyNational Park Service
Websitewww.nps.gov/gosp/

Golden Spike National Historical Park is a U.S. National Historical Park[2][3] located at Promontory Summit, north of the Great Salt Lake in east-central Box Elder County, Utah, United States. The nearest city is Corinne, approximately 23 miles (37 km) east-southeast of the site.

It commemorates the completion of the first Transcontinental Railroad where the Central Pacific Railroad and the first Union Pacific Railroad met on May 10, 1869.[4] The final joining of the rails spanning the continent was signified by the driving of the ceremonial Golden Spike.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ The Last Spike: A Trip to Golden Spike National Historic Site
  • ✪ Golden Spike National Historic Site
  • ✪ Golden Spike National Historic Site
  • ✪ Golden Spike Historic Site: Train Talk Ep. 11
  • ✪ Blowing Steam At Golden Spike National Historic Site

Transcription

The Golden Spike is something that I've always heard about in Utah. The two railroads came together at Promontory. 2019 is the 150th anniversary of the Golden Spike and so we thought it would be really cool make this trip from Salt Lake's promontory to see the reenactment and to find out more about the Golden Spike and the Transcontinental Railroad. So we thought it'd be neat to leave our house in Salt Lake City along with a bike and take this trip using a train: Get on FrontRunner [commuter rail], take FrontRrunner up as far as we could go, then get on a bus and ride our bikes out to Promontory. It's just really neat understanding, you know, the whole aspect of trains in our history. We've been building a lot of train lines lately and so we're almost rediscovering the rail here in Utah. When you come into Ogden on the train you realize that's really how you're meant to come into Ogden. Coming to that huge rail yard across the Weber River, the Ogden Union Station and 25th Street, and you see the wall of Mt. Ogden behind it and you're, like, "Oh this is how you're supposed to arrive in Ogden. So then when we went into the train museum, it gave us a different perspective on that whole history there. With the bikes it allowed us to explore Bear River Valley in a lot more detail and just slow things down a little bit. It allowed us to poke into places that we might not otherwise have stopped at. When you're traveling with an 8-year-old you know you want to make sure that your days aren't too long ... Crystal Hot Springs is a really cool place. It's been visited as a Hot Springs by people in Utah really ever since the time of the Golden Spike. We found ourselves on the shore of the Great Salt Lake, on the playa. It was right along the railroad grade from the Southern Pacific and so we could see a lot of those ruins. It was a really cool experience to camp out on the playa like that. When we finally got to Promontory, there's that last, steep hill that we went up and so we really understood what the railroads were up against making that last push up the hill to Promontory Summit. So you see these black and white photos and it just doesn't do justice to how colorful the train engines are. You had all these people from San Francisco and other big cities literally in the middle of nowhere with these colorful railroad engines, it just really brought it to life. "The driving of the last spike is at hand. At this point, we wish to commend both railroad companies and their workers." [Officials cheering] So it's always fun to have people come out here and they may not know why they're out here. They see the reenactment they see the locomotives they get an idea of the history and then to actually realize why this is such an important part in our nation's history. This was something that captivated everybody, that the whole country was watching Utah, waiting for this moment when the last bike would be driven in

Contents

Background

Replicas of Union Pacific No. 119 and the Jupiter at (the then named) Golden Spike National Historic Site.
Replicas of Union Pacific No. 119 and the Jupiter at (the then named) Golden Spike National Historic Site.
Recreations of the Golden Spike ceremony are performed on a seasonal schedule, this one was in May 2012.
Recreations of the Golden Spike ceremony are performed on a seasonal schedule, this one was in May 2012.

The Golden Spike National Historical Park encompasses 2,735 acres (1,107 ha). In 2002, it received 49,950 visitors. It was authorized as a National Historic Site on April 2, 1957 under non-federal ownership. It was authorized for federal ownership and administration by an act of Congress on July 30, 1965, as Golden Spike National Historic Site. The John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, signed into law March 12, 2019, redesignated it as a national historical park.[5][2] Historic sites are typically a single building, while historical parks include multiple landmarks in a larger district.

In 1978, a general master plan for the site was adopted with the goal of maintaining the site's scenic attributes as closely as possible to its appearance and characteristics in 1869.

In 2006, a petition to the Board on Geographic Names resulted in a name change for Chinaman's Arch, a 20-foot (6.1 m) limestone arch at Golden Spike National Historical Park. Named Chinaman's Arch in honor of the 19th century Chinese railroad workers, the arch was officially renamed in the same year as the Chinese Arch to mollify sensitivities about the original name.[6]

On May 10, 2019, a 150th anniversary celebration was held in commemoration of the completion of the railroad. This event was attended by several notable local leaders, including Utah governor Gary Herbert and the president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Russell M. Nelson.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Golden Spike National Historic Site
  2. ^ a b O'Donoghue, Amy Joi (12 Mar 2019). "Trump signs massive lands bill with key Utah provisions". ksl.com. Salt Lake City: Deseret Digital Media. Retrieved 13 Mar 2019.
  3. ^ Williams, Carter (16 Mar 2019). "Golden Spike becomes Utah's first national historic park. Here's what that means". ksl.com. Salt Lake City: KSL-TV. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Ceremony at "Wedding of the Rails," May 10, 1869 at Promontory Point, Utah". World Digital Library. 10 May 1869. Retrieved 20 Jul 2013.
  5. ^ "Text - S.47 - John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act". congress.gov. United States Congress. 12 Mar 2019. Retrieved 12 Mar 2019.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chinese Arch
  7. ^ Williams, Carter (10 May 2019). "Golden Spike 150 ceremony: How Utah celebrated the transcontinental railroad anniversary". ksl.com. Promontory: KSL-TV. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

External links


This page was last edited on 22 August 2019, at 06:23
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