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Giuseppe Becce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Giuseppe Becce (3 February 1877 – 5 October 1973) was an Italian-born film score composer who enriched the German cinema.

Biography

Grave of Giuseppe Becce in the columbarium at the Friedhof Wilmersdorf in Berlin
Grave of Giuseppe Becce in the columbarium at the Friedhof Wilmersdorf in Berlin

Becce was born in Lonigo/Vicenza, Italy. He showed his musical talents early and was named the director of the student musical orchestra at the Padua University when he studied geography. In 1906 he moved to Germany and studied musical composition with Arthur Nikisch and Ferruccio Busoni. In the 1913 silent movie Richard Wagner, directed by Carl Froelich, Becce played the title role and wrote the accompanying music. He continued to write such music for a series of subsequent movies. A collection of these pieces, the so-called "Kinothek" was published between 1919 and 1933 by the Verlag Schlesinger'sche Buchhandlung in Berlin.

From 1915 to 1923, Becce was the director of the little orchestra of the Berlin Mozartsaal cinema, located upstairs at the Neues Schauspielhaus in the Nollendorfplatz. After World War I, he was named to direct the music department of the Decla-Bioscop AG and chief director of its movie orchestra, later to become the Universum Film AG (UFA) orchestra. He also worked at major movie theatres as director of the orchestras, among them the Ufa-Pavillon am Nollendorfplatz in 1921, the Tauentzien-Palast from 1923, and the Gloria Palast from 1926.[1] In this position he worked with the famous directors of the German silent movie era, namely Fritz Lang, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau, Georg Wilhelm Pabst, Ernst Lubitsch, Ludwig Berger, Joe May and Berthold Viertel; he arranged and composed music for their movies. In 1920 Becce published the magazine Film-Ton-Kunst.[2][3] In 1927 he published, together with Hans Erdmann and Ludwig Brav, the Allgemeines Handbuch der Filmmusik; it was based on his Kinothek, amongst other items, and enabled the pianist of silent movies to accompany movies in the generalized style and motifs of renowned composers.

With the arrival of sound movies Becce worked on musical movies and movies covering opera or operetta themes. He worked with Leni Riefenstahl, Luis Trenker, and Harald Reinl whose mountain films he scored. Becce was very prolific providing music to movies for more than four decades; he commonly mixed his own compositions with creations of other composers.

Becce died in Berlin and is buried in the cemetery of Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Berliner Straße.

Selected filmography

List of Kinothek works

(by reference number) [4]

  • Kinothek 11 – Situazione Pericolosa (Agitato)
  • Kinothek 12 – Emotional Conflict (Sostenuto)
  • Kinothek 13 – Battle-Tumult-Blaze (Allegro Agitato)
  • Kinothek 14 – Tragic Moments (Andanted Mosso)
  • Kinothek 15 – Agony of the Soul (Tragedia dell'Anima)
  • Kinothek 16 – Insequimento E Fuga (Agitato)
  • Kinothek 17 – Largo Tragico
  • Kinothek 18 – Notte Misteriosa (Sinister)
  • Kinothek 19 – Grave Humor (Intermezzo Serio)
  • Kinothek 20 – Patience Under Pain (Resignation)
  • Kinothek 21 – In a Critical Situation (Allegro Agitato)
  • Kinothek 22 – Agitato Misterioso
  • Kinothek 23 – The Hour of Ghosts (Heavy Mysterious)
  • Kinothek 24 – Battle and Disturbance (Agitato)
  • Kinothek 25 – Andante Appassionato
  • Kinothek 26 – Mob-Rule (Agitato)
  • Kinothek 27 – Fanatic Derwish Dance
  • Kinothek 28 – Lynch-Law (Agitato)
  • Kinothek 29 – Disperazione (Molto Largo-Agitato-Largo)
  • Kinothek 30 – Sinister Agitato
  • Kinothek 31 – Insurrezione (Agitato Vivace)
  • Kinothek 32 – Grand Appassionato
  • Kinothek 33 – Facing Death (Andante, Largo)
  • Kinothek 34 – Semi Oriental Maetoso
  • Kinothek 35 – A Critical Moment (Vivace)
  • Kinothek 41 – Cryptic Shadows (Agitato Mysterioso)
  • Kinothek 42 – Dramatic Climax
  • Kinothek 43 – Wild Chase (Allegro Vivace)
  • Kinothek 44 – Threatening Danger (Andante Dramatic)
  • Kinothek 45 – Happy Ending (Andante Largo)
  • Kinothek 46 – Infatuation (Andante Largo)
  • Kinothek 47 – Witchcraft (Semi Mysteriou Andante)
  • Kinothek 48 – Anticipation of Danger
  • Kinothek 49 – Emotional Climax
  • Kinothek 50 – Chariot Race

Other musical works

  • 1910 "Das Bett der Pompadour", operetta
  • 1912 "Tullia", opera.

Notes

  1. ^ Schedl, Miriam (2013). Der deutsche Kammerspielfilm am Beispiel Friedrich Wilhelm Murnaus 'Der letzte Mann' (M. Phil. thesis) (in German). University of Vienna. p. 75. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Deutsches Filminstitut". deutsches-filminstitut.de. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
  3. ^ Hans Traub, Hanns W. Lavies: Das Deutsche Filmschrifttum. Bibliographie der Bücher und Zeitschirften über das Filmwesen 1896–1939. Hiersemann, Leipzig 1940, Stuttgart 1980(Repr.), S.20, 221. ISBN 3-7772-8016-X
  4. ^ Advertisement for Schlesinger-Belwin publication of Kinothek, 1926.

References

Literature

  • Hans Erdmann, Giuseppe Becce, Ludwig Brav: Allgemeines Handbuch der Film-Musik. Schlesinger'sche Buchh., Berlin-Licherfelde 1927.
  • Film-Ton-Kunst. Eine Zeitschrift für die künstlerische Musikillustration des Lichtbildes. Gegr. v. G. Becce. Schlesinger'sche Buchhandlung, Berlin 1.1920–6.1927.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 July 2021, at 00:54
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