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Giugliano in Campania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Giugliano in Campania
Comune
Comune di Giugliano in Campania
Church of the Annunziata.
Church of the Annunziata.
Coat of arms of Giugliano in Campania

Coat of arms
Map of comune of Giugliano in Campania (Metropolitan City of Naples, region Campania, Italy).svg
Giugliano in Campania is located in Italy
Giugliano in Campania
Giugliano in Campania
Location of Giugliano in Campania in Italy
Coordinates: 40°56′N 14°12′E / 40.933°N 14.200°E / 40.933; 14.200
Country Italy
Region Campania
Metropolitan city Naples (NA)
Frazioni Lago Patria, Varcaturo, Licola
Government
 • Mayor Antonio Poziello
Area
 • Total 94.62 km2 (36.53 sq mi)
Population (31 August 2017)
 • Total 124,139
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Giuglianesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 80014
Dialing code 081
Patron saint St. Iulianus
Saint day January 9
Website Official website

Giugliano in Campania [dʒuʎˈʎaːno iŋ kamˈpaːnja], also known simply as Giugliano, is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples, Campania, Italy. As of 2017, it had some 124,000 inhabitants,[1] making it the most populated Italian city that is not a provincial capital.

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Transcription

Contents

History

In 5th-4th century BCE the territory of Giugliano was settled by the Osci. According to a tradition, the city was founded by a group of colonists from Cuma in 421 BCE, who called it Lilianum ("Land of the lilies").

Near "Lake Patria", there was the ancient city of Liternum. In 194 BC it became a Roman colony. The town is mainly famous as the residence of the elder Scipio Africanus, who withdrew from Rome and died there[2]. His tomb and villa are described by Seneca the Younger[3][4]. In 455, the town was pillaged and destroyed by Genseric and his Vandals[5]. The surviving population migrated to the present historical center of Giugliano.

The city remained a small center until 1207, when Cuma was destroyed by the Neapolitans; some of the citizens from that town, including the clergy and the cathedral capitular, took shelter in Giugliano. The first documents mentioning a fief in Giugliano dates from 1270.

Lords of the city were, in sequence, the Vulcano, Filomarino, Pignatelli, D'Aquino, Pinelli and Colonna.

Geography

It is located in a fertile coastal plain north of Naples, thus serving as a market for agricultural products to the city. The plain on which it sits was known in ancient Roman times as the Campania Felix.

Neighboring communes

Giugliano in Campania borders the following municipalities: Aversa, Casapesenna, Castel Volturno, Lusciano, Melito di Napoli, Mugnano di Napoli, Parete, Pozzuoli, Qualiano, Quarto, San Cipriano d'Aversa, Sant'Antimo, Trentola-Ducenta, Villa Literno and Villaricca.[6]

Main sights

  • Palazzo Pinelli, built in 1545 by architect Giovanni Francesco di Palma. It had a side tower, which was later demolished.
  • Church of Santa Sofia (17th century), designed by Domenico Fontana. It was finished in 1730-1745 by the Neapolitan architect Domenico Antonio Vaccaro. It houses the tomb of Giovan Battista Basile.
  • Church of the Annunziata, known from the 16th century. It is home to several canvasses by Neapolitan artists such as Massimo Stanzione and Carlo Sellitto. it has a nave with apse and transept; the pulpit is in Roccoco style, while the rest of the interior is decorated in Baroque style. Notable are also the large wooden organ (late 16th century), the Chapel of Madonna della Pace and early 16th Stories of the Virgin' in the left transept.
  • Church of Sant'Anna. Of the original building, existing in the 14th century, the bell tower remains. It houses 16th-century paintings by Fabrizio Santafede and Pietro Negroni.
  • Church of Madonna delle Grazie, with a 14th-century bell tower and a 16th-century portal. The interior has a 15th-century Gothic Incoronation of the Virgin and early 16th-century frescoes.
  • Church of Santa Maria della Purità or of the Souls of Purgatory(18th century). It was designed by Domenico Antonio Vaccaro, who also designed the internal stuccos and the covering of the dome, made as fish scales. The structure is an octagonal plant and has four altars, besides the greater one.
  • Ancient town of Liternum. The excavations brought to light, between 1930 and 1936, some elements of the city center (forum with a temple, a basilica and a small theater) dating from the beginning of the Roman Empire. Outside the city walls, the remains of the amphitheater and the necropolis have been identified.
  • Lake Patria, in the frazione of the same name, it was called by ancient Roman "Literna Palus". It is part of the Natural Reserve "Foce Volurno - Costa di Licola".

Transportation

Giugliano is served by Naples–Aversa railway, a railway suburban train connection to the Naples Metro. Another station, Giugliano-Qualiano, is located some kilometers outside the city. It is part of the Villa Literno–Naples line, a branch of the Rome–Formia–Naples railway.

Famous people

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Italian) Source: Istat 2016
  2. ^ AA., VV. (1826). A new guide of Naples, its environs, Procida, Ischia and Capri. p. 384.
  3. ^ Seneca, Epistulae Morales 86
  4. ^ Livy 48.52
  5. ^ AA., VV. (1826). A new guide of Naples, its environs, Procida, Ischia and Capri. p. 386.
  6. ^ 40849 (x a j h) Giugliano on OpenStreetMap

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 25 August 2018, at 09:17
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