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Gisela of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

14th century depiction of the marriage of Rollo and Gisela
14th century depiction of the marriage of Rollo and Gisela

Gisela (French: Gisèle; fl. 911) was a French princess who was married to Rollo, duke of Normandy.[a][1]

According to limited early records, Rollo was betrothed to Gisela, daughter to the king of West Francia, Charles the Simple, after Rollo's conversion to Christianity upon his ascension as ruler of Normandy in 911.[1] The marriage and the existence of Gisela are not independently confirmed, allowing for a legendary character of Gisela. There is some debate whether, if she did exist, she was a legitimate or an illegitimate daughter of Charles.[2][3]

Norman chronicler William of Jumieges refers to Rollo having two relationships: a captive taken at Bayeux Poppa to whom he joined himself to her by marriage more danico ("according to Norse custom"). She was mother of his son William Longsword. He relates that he put Poppa aside to marry Gisela more Cristiano ("according to Christian custom") at the time of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, and that when Gisela died, he returned to Poppa. However, the absence of any record of this royal princess or her marriage in Frankish sources suggests the entire supposed marriage to Gisela may be apocryphal. If Gisela existed and bore Rollo children within a legal Christian marriage, it is unlikely that Poppa's son William would have been seen as legitimate by Christian Franks. [4]

A character named Gisla (presented as a daughter of Charles the Bald rather than his grandson Charles the Simple, and as the mother of Rollo's children) is portrayed in the TV series Vikings by Morgane Polanski.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Princess Gisla Drops the Hammer on Rollo | Vikings



  1. ^ Gisela has not been identified[1]


  1. ^ a b c van Houts 2000, p. 33.
  2. ^ Bauduin 2005, p. 182.
  3. ^ "Gisela of France". The Freelance History Writer. April 17, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  4. ^ Philip Lyndon Reynolds: Marriage in the Western Church: the Christianization of marriage during the Patristic and Early Medieval Periods (2001)


  • Bauduin, Pierre, ed. (2005). "Chefs normands et élites franques, fin -Début siècle". Les Fondations scandinaves en Occident et les débuts du duché de Normandie. Publications du CRAHM.
  • van Houts, Elisabeth, ed. (2000). The Normans in Europe. Manchester University Press.
This page was last edited on 1 December 2021, at 00:45
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