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Gettysburg, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gettysburg, South Dakota
Stocker Blacksmith Shop, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Stocker Blacksmith Shop, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Nickname(s): 
Gettysburg "Where the Battle Wasn't"
Motto(s): 
"Come Play On The Prairie"
Location in Potter County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Potter County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°0′43″N 99°57′19″W / 45.01194°N 99.95528°W / 45.01194; -99.95528
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyPotter
Incorporated1907[1]
Area
 • Total1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Land1.92 sq mi (4.97 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,064 ft (629 m)
Population
 • Total1,162
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
1,081
 • Density562.73/sq mi (217.29/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57442
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-24260[3]
GNIS feature ID1255235[5]
Websitecityofgettysburgsd.com

Gettysburg is a city and county seat of Potter County, South Dakota, United States,[6] along the 45th parallel. The population was 1,162 at the 2010 census.

History

Gettysburg was platted in 1884.[7] The city was named in commemoration of the Battle of Gettysburg.[7] A large share of the early settlers were Civil War veterans of the Union Army.[8]

Geography

Gettysburg is located at 45°00′43″N 99°57′19″W / 45.011819°N 99.955386°W / 45.011819; -99.955386.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.89 square miles (4.90 km2), all land.[10]

Gettysburg has been assigned the ZIP code 57442 and the FIPS place code 24260.

Climate

With a precipitation slightly above 465 mm,[11] the city can be considered the watershed between the dry climates of the American West to the humid climates of the American East, although closer to the former, with a center characterized by the steppes and medium precipitation marking the east limit of the group B of dry climates (except for the hot versions on the subcontinent) for the 99.9 °W meridian.[12] From the climatic map of the University of Melbourne, Gettysburg is the easternmost city in North America with a semi-arid cold climate (Köppen: Bsk).[12][13] The average high temperature is 12.7 °C and the low average is -0.4 °C, which makes temperatures below the freezing point predominate for at least part of the year. The annual average snow is of 99 cm. For the official data of the NOAA/Weather Service: the average annual precipitation is of 501 mm, by which it strengthens its role of confluence. The wettest months range from May to July ranging from 72 to 88 mm and the driest January (only 9 mm). The amount of snow is average in proportion to its cold weather surpassing the 20 cm between February and March.[14]

Climate data for Gettysburg, South Dakota (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1901−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
70
(21)
85
(29)
97
(36)
104
(40)
108
(42)
114
(46)
111
(44)
107
(42)
94
(34)
80
(27)
69
(21)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 24.8
(−4.0)
29.1
(−1.6)
41.5
(5.3)
55.8
(13.2)
67.5
(19.7)
77.7
(25.4)
84.3
(29.1)
83.0
(28.3)
73.8
(23.2)
58.0
(14.4)
41.8
(5.4)
28.9
(−1.7)
55.5
(13.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 15.1
(−9.4)
19.2
(−7.1)
30.9
(−0.6)
43.9
(6.6)
55.7
(13.2)
66.2
(19.0)
72.0
(22.2)
70.4
(21.3)
61.0
(16.1)
46.3
(7.9)
31.6
(−0.2)
19.5
(−6.9)
44.3
(6.8)
Average low °F (°C) 5.3
(−14.8)
9.3
(−12.6)
20.3
(−6.5)
32.0
(0.0)
43.8
(6.6)
54.6
(12.6)
59.8
(15.4)
57.8
(14.3)
48.2
(9.0)
34.7
(1.5)
21.3
(−5.9)
10.1
(−12.2)
33.1
(0.6)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−34
(−37)
−28
(−33)
0
(−18)
16
(−9)
32
(0)
38
(3)
34
(1)
19
(−7)
1
(−17)
−17
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−34
(−37)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.29
(7.4)
0.57
(14)
0.66
(17)
1.86
(47)
3.03
(77)
3.45
(88)
3.01
(76)
2.49
(63)
2.01
(51)
1.89
(48)
0.51
(13)
0.40
(10)
20.17
(512)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.8
(17)
10.6
(27)
5.5
(14)
4.5
(11)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.3
(3.3)
3.0
(7.6)
6.7
(17)
38.7
(98)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.0 5.3 5.2 7.9 9.4 9.6 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.7 4.1 4.2 78.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.9 4.5 2.1 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.5 3.5 17.4
Source: NOAA[15][16]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910936
19209511.6%
19301,40047.2%
19401,324−5.4%
19501,55517.4%
19601,95025.4%
19701,915−1.8%
19801,623−15.2%
19901,510−7.0%
20001,352−10.5%
20101,162−14.1%
2019 (est.)1,081[4]−7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2018 Estimate[18]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,162 people, 534 households, and 310 families living in the city. The population density was 614.8 inhabitants per square mile (237.4/km2). There were 617 housing units at an average density of 326.5 per square mile (126.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.3% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 534 households, of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.74.

The median age in the city was 50.3 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.1% were from 25 to 44; 29.7% were from 45 to 64; and 27.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,352 people, 588 households, and 365 families living in the city. The population density was 725.1 people per square mile (280.7/km2). There were 683 housing units at an average density of 366.3 per square mile (141.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.93% White, 1.26% Native American, 0.07% Asian, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.15% of the population.

There were 588 households, out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 21.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 26.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,469, and the median income for a family was $37,763. Males had a median income of $26,316 versus $16,979 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,516. About 7.9% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Controversy over Confederate Flag

In June 2020, in the midst of national and international protests in opposition to racism following the murder of George Floyd, Gettysburg became the focus of controversy regarding the presence of the Confederate battle flag on the patch of the city's police department. The patch features overlapping equal-sized U.S. and Confederate flags and a civil-war era cannon along with the city's name, in a nod to the city's namesake, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, site of the famous battle.[19] The historical reference logo for the police emblem and uniform patch was designed in 2009.[20] George Floyd's uncle resides in Gettysburg and advocates for the logo to change for the two-person police force.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Gettysburg
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ a b Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. pp. 75–76.
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 38. Archived from the original on 2016-03-15.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  11. ^ "Gettysburg climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Gettysburg weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  12. ^ a b "Interactive United States Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  13. ^ "Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map of the world". people.eng.unimelb.edu.au. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  14. ^ Data, US Climate. "Climate Gettysburg - South Dakota and Weather averages Gettysburg". www.usclimatedata.com. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  15. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "Station: gettysburg, SD". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  17. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 7, 2016.
  18. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  19. ^ "Calls Renewed to Remove Confederate Flag from Police Patch". Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  20. ^ "Gettysburg won't remove Confederate flag from police patch". AP NEWS. 2015-07-14. Retrieved 2020-06-12.
  21. ^ "George Floyd's uncle wants Confederate flag off police logo in his town of Gettysburg, S.D." Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved 2020-07-01.

External links

Official website

This page was last edited on 13 October 2021, at 20:27
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