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Gertrude of Poland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Grand Princess consort of Rus'
Christ irina, Egbert Psalter.jpg
Christ crowning Gertrude and Yaropolk, illumination from the Trier Psalter.
Bornc. 1025
Died4 January 1108(1108-01-04) (aged 82–83)
? Turov
SpouseIziaslav I of Kiev
IssueYaropolk Izyaslavich
Mścisław Iziasławicz [pl]
FatherMieszko II Lambert
MotherRicheza of Lotharingia

Gertrude-Olisava (c. 1025[1] – 4 January 1108), princess of Poland, was the daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland and Queen Richeza of Lotharingia, and the great-granddaughter of German Emperor Otto II.

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Early life

The exact time and place of Gertude's birth is unknown, with most sources placing it around 1025. It is estimated she stayed in Poland until 1036, then left for Germany with her mother, returning when Casimir I the Restorer, Gertrude's brother established himself as Duke of Poland.

In her early life, she received a thorough education, first, in Poland, then presumably in one of the Abbeys located in the province of Cologne.

Marriage and Children

In 1043, Gertrude married Iziaslav I of Kiev, a son of Yaroslav the Wise, with whom she had two sons: Yaropolk Iziaslavich and Mstislav, and a daughter, Eupraxia, who later married the Prince of Kraków, Mieszko Bolesławowic of the Piast dynasty.[2] Often acknowledged as her son,[3] Sviatopolk II of Kiev may have been a son of Izyaslav and a concubine.

On September 15, 1068, Iziaslav suffered a defeat and both she and her husband were expelled from Kiev and settled in Poland. It was then that Gertrude inherited a medieval illuminated manuscript, known as the Egbert Psalter or Trier Psalter, which had been created in the late 10th century for archbishop Egbert of Trier. She included her prayer book as part of the codex. In the prayer book she prays six times for Yaropolk, unicus filius meus (translated as either "my favourite son" or "my only son").

On 2 May 1069 Bolesław II the Generous, Gertrude's nephew, helped Izjasław regain control of Kiev. Though on 22 March 1073, the princely couple with their children had to flee to Poland again. This time Bolesław had sided with the Ruthenian opposition, and forced the family to leave for Germany. However, he himself was forced by the pope to reconcile with the couple, which was to be a condition for granting him the royal crown. On 25 December 1076, Gertrude and her husband took part in the coronation of Bolesław in Gniezno .

On July 15, 1077, once again, the couple settled in Kiev.

After her husband's death in 1078, Gertrude stayed at the court of the youngest son of Yaropolk, the Duke of Turów and Włodzimierz . In 1084 she became a hostage of Vladimir II Monomakh, who had captured Lutsk, where she had taken refuge, abandoned by her son.

She died on January 4, 1108. The place of her burial is unknown.


  1. ^ Kętrzyński, Stanisław. "Gertruda (ok. 1025–1108) w. księżna kijowska". Polski Słownik Biograficzny. 7. Polska Akademia Nauk & Polska Akademia Umiejętności. p. 405.
  2. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Piast dynasty". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source][better source needed] (in English)
  3. ^ Dworzaczek, Włodzimierz (1959). Genealogia. Opracował Włodzimierz Dworzaczek. Warszawa.
Gertrude of Poland
Piast Dynasty
Born: ~1025 Died: 1108
New title Princess Consort of Turov
Succeeded by
Preceded by Grand Princess Consort of Rus'
Succeeded by
Grand Princess Consort of Kiev
This page was last edited on 10 November 2021, at 22:02
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