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German Occupation Medals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The German Occupation Medals were a series of awards, also known as the "Flower War medals", created to commemorate the successive annexations by Nazi Germany of neighbouring countries and regions with large ethnic German populations. These comprised Austria (March 1938), the Sudetenland (October 1938) and Memel (March 1939). The occupation of the remainder of western Czechoslovakia (March 1939) was marked by the 'Prague Bar', worn on the ribbon of the Sudetenland Medal.[1]

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The awards

All three medals have a common obverse designed by Professor Richard Klein,[2] Director of the Munich School of Applied Arts and a favoured artist of the Nazi establishment.[3]

The criteria for each of the medals and the Prague bar were broadly the same. They were awarded to those, both military and civilian, who participated in or contributed to the occupation, including members of the German Wehrmacht, German State officials and local Nazi supporters who had worked for union with Germany.[1]

The wearing of Nazi era awards was banned in 1945. Occupation medals were not among those awards reauthorized for official wear by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1957.[4]

A Campaign streamer (German: Fahnenband) in the colours of the appropriate medal ribbon could be attached to the flag of those regiments that had taken part in these occupations.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b Littlejohn, David; Dodkins, Colonel C. M. (1968). Orders, Decorations, Medals and Badges of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing, California. pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-0854200801.
  2. ^ Angolia, John (1987). For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. pp. 53–66. ISBN 0-912138-14-9.
  3. ^ Michaud, Eric; Lloyd, Janet (2004). The Cult of Art in Nazi Germany. Stanford University Press. p. 92. ISBN 9780804743273.
  4. ^ German Federal regulation (1996). Dienstvorschriften Nr. 14/97. Bezug: Anzugordnung für die Soldaten der Bundeswehr. ZDv 37/10 (in German). pp. 583–593, Anlage 13: List of authorized awards.
  5. ^ Littlejohn, David; Dodkins, Colonel C. M. (1968). Orders, Decorations, Medals and Badges of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing, California. p. 50. ISBN 978-0854200801.
This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 14:59
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