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George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

George Bubb Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe PC (1691 – 28 July 1762) was an English whig politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1715 to 1761.[1]

George Bubb at a young age
George Bubb at a young age

Christened George Bubb, he was the eldest son. of Jeremiah Bubb of Foy, Herefordshire and his wife Mary Dodington, daughter of John Dodington of Dodington, Somerset. His father died in 1696 and he was taken under the care of his uncle George Dodington. He was educated at Winchester College in 1703 and matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford on 10 July 1707 aged 16. He was admitted at Lincolns Inn in 1711 and undertook a Grand Tour from 1711 to 1713.[2]

Bubb was returned as Member of Parliament for Winchelsea at the 1715 British general election. He was sent as envoy to Spain from 1715 to 1717. He changed his surname to Dodington by Act of Parliament in 1717.[3] In 1720 he was appointed Clerk of the Pells for Ireland for life. His uncle died in 1720 and left him his estate. He was Lord Lieutenant of Somerset from 1721 to 1744. At the 1722 British general election he was returned as MP for Bridgwater. He was taken up by Walpole, who made him a Lord of the Treasury in 1724. He addressed an adulatory verse letter to Walpole in 1726, in which he praised loyalty as the supreme political virtue. He married Katherine Behan in secret, some time around 1725. He was returned again for Bridgwater at the 1727 British general election.[2] Enormously rich, he became a friend of Frederick, Prince of Wales, who took advantage of their acquaintance to obtain loans that helped clear his debts, and, on being thrown out of St James's Palace by his father, King George II, moved into a London house belonging to Dodington

Dodington was returned for Bridgwater again in 1734 when he was also returned for Melcombe Regis, and in 1741 when he was also returned for Appleby, choosing to remain at Bridge=water on both occasions. He was appointed Treasurer of the navy in 1744 and became Privy Counciller on 3 January 1745. He was returned again for Bridgwater in 1747 and was treasurer of the chamber to the Prince of Wales from 1749 to 1751.[2]

At the 1754 British general election, Dodington was returned for Melcombe Regis. He was Treasurer of the navy again from December 1755 to November 1756. He was created Baron Melcombe on 6 April 1761.[2]

Caricature of George Bubb Dodington and Sir Thomas Robinson
Caricature of George Bubb Dodington and Sir Thomas Robinson

Dodington had many contacts with artists and was a collector, purchasing antiquities via Cardinal Albani in Rome.[4] His house at Hammersmith, known as 'La Trappe' (an ironic reference to a Trappist monastery) was the focus of a lively political and cultural salon of supporters of Frederick, Prince of Wales whose palace at Kew was located just across the river. It was designed by the neo-Palladian architect Roger Morris who had been connected with the circle of Lord Burlington [5] and the sculpture gallery was designed by the Italian architect and firework display designer Giovanni Niccolo Servandoni[6]. Dodington is said to have been involved in a spy-ring, collecting valuable information about Jacobite activities. In 1761, following the accession of Frederick's son to the throne as George III, he was created Baron Melcombe.

Historian N.A.M. Rodger describes Dodington as an "indefatigable schemer" on behalf of his friends and interests of the time.[7] Dodington is depicted in William Hogarth's 1761 engraving Five Orders of Periwigs; his diary was published posthumously in 1784 by Henry Penruddocke Wyndham.

References

  1. ^ Stephen, Leslie (1888). "Dodington, George Bubb" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 15. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 166–169.
  2. ^ a b c d "BUBB (afterwards DODDINGTON), George (?1691-1762), of Eastbury, Dorset". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  3. ^ Deed Poll Office: Private Act of Parliament 1717 (4 Geo. 1). c. 1
  4. ^ Lewis, Lesley (1961). Connoisseurs and Secret Agents. London: Chatto and Windus.
  5. ^ \Wolfe and Gandon (1739). Vitruvius Britannicus II. London. pp. plates 28 and 29.
  6. ^ Hornsby, Clare (1991). "Antiquarian extravagance in Hammersmith: the sculpture gallery of George Bubb Dodington". Apollo. 133 (358 pp 410-414).
  7. ^ Rodger, N.A.M. (1986). The Wooden World: An Anatomy of the Georgian Navy. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. p. 31. ISBN 0870219871.

External links

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Robert Bristow
George Dodington
Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
1715–1722
With: Robert Bristow
Succeeded by
Robert Bristow
Thomas Townshend
Preceded by
Thomas Palmer
William Pitt
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
1722–1754
With: Thomas Palmer 1722–1727, 1731–1735
Sir Halswell Tynte, Bt 1727–1731
Sir Charles Wyndham, Bt 1735–1741
Vere Poulett 1741–1747
Peregrine Poulett 1747–1753
Robert Balch 1753–1754
Succeeded by
Robert Balch
The Earl of Egmont
Preceded by
Sir James Thornhill
Edward Tucker
Thomas Pearse
George Dodington
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
1734–1735
With: Edward Tucker
Thomas Pearse
George Dodington
Succeeded by
Edward Tucker
Thomas Pearse
George Dodington
John Tucker
Preceded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Walter Plumer
Member of Parliament for Appleby
1741
With: Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Sir Charles Wyndham, Bt
Preceded by
Welbore Ellis
George Dodington
Edward Hungate Beaghan
Lord George Cavendish
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
1754–1761
With: Welbore Ellis
Lord John Cavendish
John Tucker
Succeeded by
John Tucker
Sir Francis Dashwood, Bt
John Olmius
Richard Glover
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Lord Bingley
British Ambassador to Spain
1715–1717
Succeeded by
John Chetwynd
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir John Rushout, Bt
Treasurer of the Navy
1744–1749
Succeeded by
Henry Bilson-Legge
Preceded by
George Grenville
Treasurer of the Navy
1756
Succeeded by
George Grenville
Honorary titles
Preceded by
George Dodington
Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1720–1744
Succeeded by
The Earl Poulett
Vice-Admiral of Somerset
1720–1762
Vacant
Title next held by
The Earl of Egmont
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Melcombe
1761–1762
Extinct


This page was last edited on 12 June 2019, at 17:07
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