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Geography of the African Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The African Union in location to the rest of the world.
The African Union in location to the rest of the world.

The African Union covers almost the entirety of continental Africa and several off-shore islands. Consequently, it is wildly diverse, including the world's largest hot desert (the Sahara), huge jungles and savannas, and the world's longest river (the Nile).

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Africa is a continent and as many of us know the continent is not a single country Africa is currently divided between 54 different independent countries but what would happen if all of these countries united today to form a united African state? what would Africa the country look like in the world and how powerful of a country would it actually be for starters Africa is huge and covers over 20% of all the land on Earth making it about 70% of the same size as all of Asia or about three times the size of all of Europe 1.2 billion people currently live in Africa or about 16% of the entire global population so interestingly a United African state would actually have a smaller population that both India and China but this would be the case for very long since Africa is currently experiencing the largest population boom in the world. the population of the continent has doubled since just 1990 and the continent is expected to surpass the populations of both India and China in the same year 2022 according to official UN estimates the population of Africa is expected to reach a massive 4.4 billion people by the end of the 21st century and comprise 39% of the global population. This enormous demographic shift in the future will ensure that the United African state has a dominant position in the world but it comes with several challenges. The population of Africa currently is the youngest in the world with a median age of just 19.7 years old compared to the global average of 30.4 years old literacy rates are also low with only sixty-four percent of the population being considered literate, but this varies between regions. In Libya for example the literacy rate is very high at 94.2 percent while in South Sudan it is very low at only 27%. HIV infection rates in the continent would also pose a severe challenge to the United Africa as 11% of the population in sub-saharan Africa is currently infected with the disease. In addition to these challenges United African states would also struggle with the extreme diversity on the continent. Africa is the most linguistically and ethnically diverse continents on the planet where somewhere between 1250 and 3000 languages are spoken because of this Africa is the most multilingual place in the world where many people speak at least two African languages and one additional European language. A situation similar to South Africa where there are 11 official languages would probably have to exist the most common languages are Arabic spoken by about 17% of the population mostly in North Africa, Swahili by about 10% located mostly in Southeast Africa, Berber by five percent, and Hausa by another five percent English, French, and Portuguese are very commonly with funk is understood by a large amount of people where English is understood by thirteen percent of the population, French close behind at 11.5 percent, and Portuguese by 3% all of these languages would probably have official status as well as several others. There are hundreds if not thousands of different ethnic groups that exist in Africa were used to seeing this map to represent the continent but a more accurate map maybe this one which shows how incredibly diverse the continent really is because of this it's almost impossible to give figures for exact ethnic populations in the continent but no one single group would even have over an eight percent share of the total population in terms of religion here is a religious map of the continent Christians and Muslims would be almost perfectly divided with each face claiming about forty-seven percent of the continent population traditional African religions would represent about ten percent of the population and this adds two more than one hundred percent because several people hold mix to believe about a final two percent of the population would be atheist or non-religious next we have a map of where the 10 largest cities on the continent are located the biggest city Lagos in Nigeria has a greater population than all of Romania combined but despite this it probably wouldn't be the capital city I predict that the capital city would probably be located here in Ethiopia at "Addis Ababa" this is because an organization called the African Union already exists similar in some ways to the european union in Europe the african union headquarters are already located in addis ababa in the united nations economic commission of Africa is also headquartered here addis ababa is often already called the political capital of Africa so it would make sense to agree that the city would serve as a capital city of the United continent as well cairo and Johannesburg would probably be the largest financial centres of the United Africa and serve very important roles as well Africa is incredibly rich in natural resources possessing ninety percent of the world's platinum fifty percent of its gold fifty percent of its diamonds and another thirty three percent of its uranium despite this however it remains the poorest continent on the planet the United African states would have a gdp of 2.39 trillion u.s. dollars making it only the seventh largest economy in the world it would barely feed out india's economy but remain behind those of France the United Kingdom and Germany the gdp per capita of Africa would only be 1992 dollars per years but that figure isn't totally accurate of how crushing the poverty on the continent actually is because of rampant government corruption according to the world bank poverty is defined as living under $1.25 per day based on that fifty percent of the population of sub-saharan Africa would be living in poverty with the average for person on the continent living on less than seventy cents per day this picture kind of highlights how severe this problem is especially when you compare it to other continents but Africa has a lot of room to grow the continent is projected to be the quickest growing region of the world in the future and her gdp is expected to finally overtakes france and the united kingdom by 2023 will still remain behind Germany then. all things considered though Africa certainly has the potential if it United to become a superpower by the close of the 21st century it would have a massive population to fuel a massive army and a potentially huge economy that could one day rival the rest of the world with one flag Africa the country would be a united continents optimistically looking forward to what the future would bring for her leave your comments below about how you think other countries would react to a United Africa or even how long the United Africa may last for this idea was voted on over at the reallifelore patreon which you can visit by clicking here you can vote for upcoming videos every month just like what you just watched and you can subscribe to my channel by clicking here if you were curious about the music that was in this video it was created by a band called the solid ocean who are very good friends of mine you can check out their channel by clicking here they're currently doing a fundraiser to raise money to record their music professionally so any dollar or like on their social media can go a very long way for them thank you so much for watching and see you again next Friday for another new video



The AU presently has an area of 29,922,059 km² (18,592,705 mi²), with 24,165 km² (15,015 mi²) of coastline. The vast majority of this area is on continental Africa, while the only significant territory off the mainland is the island of Madagascar (the world's fourth largest), accounting for slightly less than 2% of the total.

Extreme points

African Union at large

Northernmost Ras ben Sakka  Tunisia (37°21′ N)
Southernmost Cape Agulhas  South Africa (34°51'15"S) [1]
Westernmost Santo Antão  Cape Verde (25°25'W)
Easternmost Rodrigues  Mauritius (63°30'E)
Most distant point from the coastline African pole of inaccessibility Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo South Sudan near the town Obo.
Highest point above land Mount Kilimanjaro  Tanzania 5,895 m (6,447 yd)
Lowest point below sea level Lake Asal  Djibouti −156 m (−171 yd)
Longest River Nile Burundi Rwanda Tanzania Uganda Kenya
Democratic Republic of the Congo South Sudan Ethiopia Sudan Egypt
6,650 km (4,130 miles) long
Deepest Lake Lake Tanganyika Tanzania Democratic Republic of the Congo Burundi Zambia 1,470 m (4,820 ft) deep
Largest lake by area Lake Victoria Tanzania Uganda Kenya 68,800 km2 (26,600 sq mi)
Highest waterfall Tugela Falls  South Africa 948 m (3,110 feet)
Largest Island Madagascar Island  Madagascar 587,040 km2 (226,657 sq mi)

Countries bordering the African Union

The AU has two land borders: Morocco borders the Spanish semi-enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera and Egypt's Sinai Peninsula borders the Gaza Strip for 11 km (6.8 mi) and Israel for 400 km (248 mi) on its western frontier. Since it is Asian, the Sinai is the only territorial region of the AU on another geopolitical continent.

Previous borders

OAU member states by the decade they joined.
OAU member states by the decade they joined.

The AU is the successor to the Organisation of African Unity, an international organization that gradually included sovereign African states as the continent was decolonized. The membership of the African Union, and consequently its borders, have not changed since its founding.

Founding of the OAU: May 25 – December 13, 1963

December 13, 1963 – July 13, 1964

  • Kenya joins the OAU.

July 13 – December 16, 1964

  • Malawi joins the OAU.

December 16, 1964 – October 1965

  • Zambia joins the OAU. It bordered the following territories to the south:
  • Botswana - A colony of the United Kingdom at the time, Botswana joined the OAU on October 31, 1966; it achieved independence the September 30 prior.
  • South West Africa - A colony of the United Kingdom under the mandate of South Africa, the territory wouldn't become independent until March 21, 1990 as Namibia. It joined the OAU in June of that year.
  • Zimbabwe - A colony of the United Kingdom at the time, Zimbabwe joined the OAU in June, 1980; it achieved independence as Rhodesia on November 11, 1965.

October 31, 1965

  • The Gambia joins the OAU.

October 31, 1966 – July 13, 1964

  • Botswana and Lesotho join the OAU. The bordered:
  • South Africa - While independent, South Africa was ruled under the system of apartheid, and was ineligible and uninterested in membership. Following a democratic revolution in 1994, it joined the OAU that June 6; becoming the most recent member. It bordered Botswana to the south and is perforated by Lesotho.

August 1968 – September 24, 1968

September 24, 1968 – October 12, 1968

  • Swaziland joins the OAU.

October 12, 1968 – November 19, 1973

November 19, 1973 – February 11, 1975

  • Guinea-Bissau joins the OAU. At the time, it was still considered a dependency of Portugal. It gained independence on September 10, 1974.

February 11 – July 18, 1975

  • Angola joins the OAU. At the time, it was still considered a dependency of Portugal. It gained independence on November 11, 1975.

July 18 – February 27, 1976

Cape Verde, Comoros, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe join the OAU.

February 27 – June 29, 1976

June 29, 1976 – June 27, 1977

June 27, 1977 – June 1980

  • Djibouti becomes independent of France and joins the OAU.

June 1980 – February 22, 1982

Zimbabwe joins the OAU.

February 22, 1982 – November 12, 1984

  • The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic joins the OAU. It does not participate in the next two summits, due to pressure from Morocco.

November 12, 1984 – March 21, 1990

  • Morocco leaves the OAU; leaving no border with Spain.

March 21 – June 1990

  • Namibia becomes independent of the South African mandate.

June 1990 – May 24, 1993

  • Namibia joins the OAU.

May 24, 1993 – June 6, 1994

  • Eritrea becomes independent from Ethiopia and joins the OAU.

June 6, 1994 – 2011

  • South Africa joins the OAU after the fall of apartheid.

2011 – January 30, 2017

January 30, 2017 – present

  • Morocco readmitted, moving the border to Spain.


  1. ^ If the Prince Edward Islands are included in Africa, then Marion Island is the southernmost point at 46°54'S.
This page was last edited on 4 January 2019, at 23:09
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