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Geography of Slovenia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Slovenia is situated at the crossroads of central and southeast Europe, touching the Alps and bordering the Adriatic Sea. The Alps—including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karawank chain, as well as the Pohorje massif—dominate northern Slovenia along its long border to Austria. Slovenia's Adriatic coastline stretches approximately 43 km (27 mi)[1] from Italy to Croatia. Its part south of Sava river belongs to Balkan peninsula – Balkans.

The term "Karst" originated in southwestern Slovenia's Karst Plateau (Slovene: Kras), a limestone region of underground rivers, gorges, and caves, between Ljubljana and the Mediterranean.

On the Pannonian plain to the East and Northeast, toward the Croatian and Hungarian borders, the landscape is essentially flat. However, the majority of Slovenian terrain is hilly or mountainous, with around 90% of the surface 200 meters or more above sea level.

Map of Slovenia
Map of Slovenia

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Top 10 AMAZING Facts About SLOVENIA
  • ✪ Why Do Slovakia & Slovenia Have Such Similar names?
  • ✪ 7 Facts about Slovenia
  • ✪ Geography of Slovenia
  • ✪ Geography Now! Croatia


Welcome to the Top10Archive! Located just west of Croatia, south of Austria and sandwiched between Hungary and Italy lies the natural beauty of Slovenia. For this installment, we’re back on the road, making a stop at this European wonder! So get ready for the carnival, prepare the potica, and enjoy these top 10 facts about the land we know as Slovenia. 10. Dining in Slovenia Should you ever visit Slovenia, you’re probably wondering what sort of food you’ll be chowing down on. Thanks to a diverse landscape, climate, and nearby influential cultures, the types of dishes common on dining room tables are quite eclectic. Traditional dishes include kranjska klobasa, a Slovenian sausage similar to kielbasa; the nut roll potica; prekmurska gibanica, a classic dessert made from poppy seeds, walnuts, apples, raisins, and ricotta; and bujta repa, pickled turnips with pork. Visitors will also enjoy domestic made wines, bovec cheese, dessert dumplings, Soca trout, polenta and potatoes, and Meat-stuffed ocvirkovca bread. 9. A Land of Biological Diversity The land inhabited by the country of Slovenia is more than just a home for Slovenes. In fact, Slovenia has been considered a spot of incredible biodiversity, and with over 15,000 different animal species, 6,000 plant species, and 5,000 fungi species, it’s a label that's been earned. Approximately 10% of Slovenia is protected with national parks covering a variety of grasslands, woodlands, forests, and over a dozen mountainous peaks. Inhabiting these beautiful landscapes include pheasant, wildcats, olm, wolves, lynx, brown bears, roe deer, swans, Europe’s largest butterfly, the Giant peacock moth, and a wide variety of reptiles like the viviparous lizard, grass snake and over 90 different species of bird. 8. Slovenia’s Carnival Time! Depending on where you are, the concept of a carnival has different meanings. Slovenia embraces the fun and ritual of carnivals in not one, but several of its cities, from Cerknica to Ptuj. The most popular of these extravagant festivals is Kurentovanje, a 10-day rite of spring on Shrove Sunday in Ptuj to celebrate the end of winter. Upwards of 10,000 festive Slovenes join in on the carnival in Slovenia’s oldest documented city where groups of kurents don sheepskin garments and wield wooden clubs. Along with Kurentovanje, other traditional carnivals celebrated in Slovenia include Laufarija, which features Pust, a character sentenced to death for all the world’s ills; the carnival at Cerknica, which falls between Shrove Thursday and Ash Wednesday; and the carnival of Ljubljana on Shrove Saturday. 7. Famous Slovenes If you’re wondering who are some of the most revered people from Slovenia, all you have to do is look at the country’s banknotes. Plastered on the 10, 500, and 10,000 Tolar notes are notable Slovenes like Primoz Trubar, the 16th century leader of the Protestant revolution and author of the first book written in Slovenian; Joze Plecnik, the architect whose influence is found all over Ljubljana; and Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer who was once revered as a great author in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Not quite on the country’s note, but still famous, are composer Hugo Wolf, Slovenian World Cup alpine ski racer Tina Maze, painter Rihard Jakopič, NHL’s Los Angeles Kings’ centre and alternate captain Anze Kopitar, actress Ita Rina, and Drago Jancar. What about the big YouTubers from Slovenia? Be sure to check out Tiger Productions, Darkhorse and Talking Ginger. 6. Innovators and Inventions of Slovenia Slovenia may be well known for its biodiversity, but there’s not much chatter about the inventions that have come from the country’s best engineers and innovators. Among them, France Rode, the man best known for his work on Hewlett-Packard’s HP-35 pocket calculator and RFID, or radio-frequency identification chips. Providing improvements to dialysis machines in the hospitals he worked in was Ivan Kramberger, while plastic surgeon Marko Godina was the first to perform a temporary ectopic transplant from an amputated hand to the axilla. Other patents that came from Slovenia include a spherical liquid crystal laser, a foldable chair known as the “REX” chair, and the photographic slide frame. 5. Slovenian Attractions and Sites With diverse landscapes and rich history backing it, Slovenia is a hot spot for beautiful sites and engaging attractions. Among them is an intriguing spot known as the Old Vine House, located in the city of Maribor. The house is not so much the main attraction of this site, as it is right by what is considered the oldest vine in the world that still bears grapes. Grand structures like Predjama Castle, Basilica of Our Mother of Mercy, and Veliki Tabor Castle also make for great photo opportunities, but people wanting to get closer to nature will want to check out the Skocjan Caves, Postojna Cave, Triglav National Park, and Lake Bled, which hosts an age-old wedding tradition where the groom carries the bride up Bled Island’s 99-step staircase. 4. Records Broken in Slovenia World’s oldest vine aside, Slovenia has many other recognized records under its belt. In fact, in 2014 alone, the country had contributed over 20 different records to the Guinness World Records. From the longest distance cycled on an exercise bike to the largest postcard, which measured in at 52.48 sq. meters or 564 sq. feet, to even the incredible feat of gathering together the largest amount of accordions. Other amazing, if not odd, records broken in Slovenia include the biggest cave castle, largest sour turnip hot pot, and greatest distance on a solo, unpaced cycle in 24 hours. 3. Prehistoric Slovenia There’s a lot to Slovenia’s history, but it starts long before you may think. Hell Cave in the Loza Woods is believed to show signs of earliest human settlement in the form of stone tools dated as far back as 250,000 years. An archaeological site in caves near the village of Sebrelje also revealed the oldest known musical instrument, which was uncovered in 1995. Before Neanderthals and pile-dwellers were said to inhabit post-glacial period Slovenia, dinosaurs roamed the countryside. Dinosaur footprints, or as the locals called them “bear paws,” dating back to the Triassic period have been found near the settlement of Godovic, though they have proven insufficient enough to determine what species had left them. 2. The Ten-Day War It’s not common for wars to last for a short span, but the Ten-Day War, or Slovenian Independence War, started on June 27th, 1991 and ended July 7th of the same year, making it one of the shortest wars ever in history. On June 25th, Slovenians declared independence from Yugoslavia, leading to a civil war between the Slovenian Territorial Defense and the Yugoslav People’s Army. Over the course of the short fight, over 50 soldiers were killed, over 300 wounded, and nearly 4,600 Yugoslavs were held prisoner by the Slovenian forces. The conflict ceased with the signing of the Brioni Agreement, though it did little to stop the Yugoslav Wars from continuing for almost 11 years. 1. Sports in Slovenia Dinosaur tracks, oldest vine in the world, carnivals – there’s a lot of interesting tidbits to Slovenia, but one thing the country is incredibly enthusiastic over is its sports. Football, basketball, ice hockey, handball, and skiing are the most popular sports in the country, with athletes like skier Tina Maze, football stars Robert Korean, Jan Oblak, and Valter Brisa; hockey players Jan Mursak, David Rodman, and Rok Ticar; and basketball stars Beno Udrih, Sani Becirovic, Primoz Brezec, and Vinko Jelovac. Slovenia has also had a strong presence in the Olympics, having taken home twenty-three medals at the Summer Olympics and fifteen medals at the Winter Olympics.



Slovenia's location is where southeastern and Central Europe meet, where the Eastern Alps border the Adriatic Sea between Austria and Croatia. The 15th meridian east almost corresponds to the middle line of the country in the direction west-east.[2]

Geographic coordinates

Aerial view of Lake Bled
Aerial view of Lake Bled

Extreme geographical points of Slovenia:

The maximum north–south distance is 1°28' or 163 km (101 mi).
The maximum east–west distance is 3°13' or 248 km (154 mi).

The geometric centre of Slovenia (GEOSS) is located at 46°07′11.8″N 14°48′55.2″E / 46.119944°N 14.815333°E / 46.119944; 14.815333.

Since 2016, the geodetic system of Slovenia with the elevation benchmark of 0 m has its origin at the Koper tide gauge station. Until then, it referred to the Sartorio mole in Trieste (see metres above the Adriatic).[3]


Triglav Peak
Triglav Peak
  • Total: 20,273 km²
  • Land: 20,151 km²
  • Water: 122 km²
  • Comparison: slightly smaller than New Jersey


  • Land boundaries
  • Coastline: 43.157 m (~ 43 km)[1] 46.6 km[4]
  • Maritime claims:

The entire Slovenian coastline is located on the Gulf of Trieste. Towns along the coastline include:


Historical regions

Slovenia is traditionally divided into eight regions.
Slovenia is traditionally divided into eight regions.

The traditional Slovenian regions, based on the former division of Slovenia into the four Habsburg crown lands of (Carniola, Carinthia, Styria, and the Littoral) and their parts, are:

The last two are usually considered together as the Littoral Region (Primorska). White Carniola (Bela krajina), otherwise part of Lower Carniola, is usually considered a separate region, as is the Central Sava Valley (Zasavje), which is otherwise a part of Upper and Lower Carniola and Styria.

Slovenian Littoral has no natural island, but there is a plan on building an artificial one.


Humid subtropical climate (Cfa) on the coast, oceanic climate (Cfb) in most of Slovenia, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters (Dfb) in the plateaus and mountains on the north, subpolar (Dfc) and tundra (ET) climate above the treeline on the highest mountain peaks. Precipitation is high away from the coast, with the spring being particularly prone to rainfall. Slovenia's Alps have frequent snowfalls during the winter.[5] [6]


A short coastal strip on the Adriatic Sea, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east.

There is only one natural island in Slovenia: Bled Island in Lake Bled in the country's northwest. Lake Bled and Bled Island are Slovenia's most popular tourist destination.[7]

Elevation extremes

Natural resources

Lignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests

Land use

  • Arable land: 8.53%
  • Permanent crops: 1.43%
  • Other: 90.04% (2005)
  • Irrigated land: 100 km² (2003)
  • Natural hazards: minor flooding and earthquakes


Current issues

The Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain.

International agreements

See also


  1. ^ a b Bostjan Burger (1959-09-20). "Slovenia, Central Europe with the spirit of the Mediterranean :: prostorski atlas". Retrieved 2012-11-17.
  2. ^ Jenko, Marjan (2005). "O pomenu meridiana 15° vzhodno od Greenwicha" [About the Significance of the 15th Degree to the East of Greenwich Meridian] (PDF). Geodetski vestnik (in Slovenian). 49 (4). pp. 637–638. Retrieved 5 January 2010.
  3. ^ a b "S pomočjo mareografske postaje v Kopru do novega geodetskega izhodišča za Slovenijo" [With the Help of a Tide Gauge Station in Koper to A New Geodetic Origin Point for Slovenia] (in Slovenian). Slovenian Environment Agency. 23 November 2016.
  4. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". Retrieved 2012-11-17.
  5. ^ "Slovenia Natural Environment". Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Slovenia to re-direct tourism at country's most popular tourist site". 22 December 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 January 2019, at 15:04
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