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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Generalmajor is the Germanic variant of major general, used in a number of Central and Northern European countries.

Austria

Belgium

Denmark

Major general
Generalmajor
Denmark-Army-OF-7-M11.svg
RDAF Maj Gen.svg
Army and Air force insignia
Country Denmark
Service branch Royal Danish Army
 Royal Danish Air Force
Abbreviationgen.m.[1]
Rank groupGeneral officer
RankTwo-star
NATO rank codeOF-7
Pay gradeM404
FormationBefore 1671
Next higher rankGeneralløjtnant
Next lower rankBrigadegeneral
Equivalent ranksKontreadmiral

Generalmajor is the second lowest general officer rank in the Royal Danish Army and Royal Danish Air Force. As a two-star rank it is the equivalent to the rank of counter admiral in the Royal Danish Navy.[2]

The rank is rated OF-7 within NATO.[3] It has the grade of M404 within the Ministry of Defence's pay structure.[4] The rank of major general is reserved for the Chief of the army and air force.[5]

History

On 25 May 1671, the ranks were codified, by King Christian V, with the publication of the Danish order of precedence. Here generals of the branch were placed below Lieutenant field marshal (Danish: Feltmarskal Lieutenant), and above the noble rank of Count and the military rank of Lieutenant general.[6]

As part of the Army Reform of 1867, the ranks of Major, Lieutenant colonel were removed and only a single "General" rank was kept.[7] After the 1880 reform, the general officer ranks were reintroduced.[8] Commanding generals of the 1st and 2nd General Command were made Lieutenant generals while everyone else were made Major general.[8]

Insignia

The first official uniform was instituted on 29 September 1737.[9] The first few uniform designs have not survived, though they were likely red, highly ornamented coats without collar.[10] The red coat remained until 1768, when Comte de Saint-Germain instituted white uniforms for generals, these were however removed shortly after, in 1769.[11] In 1772, the first real ranks were introduced to the Danish Army; these were gold rings on the cuffs, with three for full generals, two for Lieutenant generals, and one for major generals.[12] This uniform saw a number of changes until 1785, when the cuff ranks were removed.[13]

In 1801, new uniforms were introduced for the whole army. Along with the new uniforms, epaulette ranks were introduced for officers, with generals wearing six-pointed stars on their epaulettes.[14][5] The general ranks remained largely unchanged from their introduction until 1979, and the adoption of NATO STANAG 2116.[5] The adoption created the new rank of Brigadier general, which would receive the one star, meaning the major general would receive two stars.[5]

Rank insignia

Finland

Germany

Major general
Generalmajor
HD H 62 Generalmajor.svg
LD B 62 Generalmajor.svg
Army and Air Force insignia
Country Germany
Service branch
Bundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
German Army
Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg
German Air Force
AbbreviationGenMaj
RankTwo-star
NATO rank codeOF-7
Non-NATO rankO-8
Formation1956
Next higher rankGeneralleutnant
Next lower rankBrigadegeneral
Equivalent ranksKonteradmiral

It is the third-highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and German Air Force (Luftwaffe). This rank is also used in the Austrian Armed Forces, but is abbreviated as GenMjr.

Historically, German Army ranks for its generals prior to 1945 were offset by one from those of most other major European armies. Thus, prior to 1945, the Generalmajor rank in the German Army was equivalent to the brigadier general rank in other armies, and so forth.

Generalmajor in modern Germany

The rank is rated OF-7 in NATO, and is grade B7 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence. It is equivalent to Konteradmiral in the German Navy (Marine) or to Generalstabsarzt, and Admiralstabsarzt in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.

On the shoulder straps (Heer, Luftwaffe) there are two golden pips (stars) in golden oak leaves.

Heer Luftwaffe ... to service uniform
Bundeswehr sequence of ranks ascending
junior rank:
Brigadegeneral
Bundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg
Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg

(German officer rank)
Generalmajor

senior rank:
Generalleutnant

Generalmajor in East Germany

Generalmajor was in the so-called "armed organs of the GDR" (German: Bewaffnete Organe der DDR), represented by Ministry of National Defence, and Ministry for State Security, the lowest general officer rank, comparable to the one-star rank in many NATO-Armed forces (Rangcode OF-6). This was in reference to Soviet military doctrine and in line with other armed forces of the Warsaw Pact.

The equivalent rank of the Volksmarine (GDR Navy) was the Konteradmiral, often called simply Herr Admiral for short.

Junior rank
Oberst
Flag of NVA (East Germany).svg

National People's Army rank
Generalmajor
(Konteradmiral)
Senior rank
Generalleutnant
Rank insignias Generalmajor / Konteradmiral (OF-6)
Emblem Stasi.svg
Stasi
Emblem of the Ground Forces of NVA (East Germany).svg
Land forces
Emblem of aircraft of NVA (East Germany).svg
Air Force
Vehicle roundel of Border Troops of GDR.svg
GDR Border troops
Flag of warships of VM (East Germany).svg
Volksmarine
OF-7 Generalmajor.png
GDR AF OF6MajGen Fly-suit.JPG
GDR Border Troops OF6 Generalmajor.gif
OF-7 Konteradmiral.png
OF-7 Konteradmiral VM, Ärmelstreifen.png
Generalmajor Konteradmiral

Generalmajor of the Wehrmacht

Generalmajor was in the German Reich and Nazi Germany the lowest general officer rank, comparable to the one-star rank in many NATO-Armed forces (Rangcode OF-6). It was equivalent to Konteradmiral in the Kriegsmarine, and SS-Brigadeführer in the Waffen-SS until 1945.

Rank insignia Generalmajor / Konteradmiral
Branch German Army Luftwaffe Waffen-SS Kriegsmarine
Collar
Collar tabs for the Generals of the Heer.svg
Luftwaffe collar tabs Generalmajor 3D.svg
SS-Brigadeführer Collar Rank.svg
None
Shoulder
WMacht H OF6 GenMaj h 1945.svg
Luftwaffe epaulette Generalmajor.svg
SS-Brigadeführer h.svg
Kriegsmarine epaulette Konteradmiral.svg
Sleeve
GenMaj Brif OF6 cam slv 1945.svg
Luftwaffe flightsuit Generalmajor.svg
GenMaj Brif OF6 cam slv 1945.svg
Kriegsmarine-Konteradmiral.svg
Rank
designation
Generalmajor
SS-Brigadeführer
und Generalmajor
der Waffen-SS
Konteradmiral
Sequence of ranks ascending
Junior rank:
Oberst
Balkenkreuz.svg

(German officer rank)
Generalmajor

Senior rank:
Generalleutnant

Norway

Sweden

See also

References

  1. ^ Mygind, A. (1999). Den landmilitære embedsetat og centraladministratio (1763 - 1848) (in Danish). Forsvarets Arkiver. p. 9. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  2. ^ STANAG 2116, p. B-2.
  3. ^ STANAG 2116, p. A-2.
  4. ^ Ministry of Defence 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d Hedegaard 1986.
  6. ^ danmarkshistorien.dk 2017.
  7. ^ Klint 1965, p. 8.
  8. ^ a b Ministry of War 1880, p. 35.
  9. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 31.
  10. ^ Petersen 2014, pp. 31–32.
  11. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 36.
  12. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 39.
  13. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 41.
  14. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 42.


Bibliography
  • danmarkshistorien.dk (17 May 2017). "Rangforordningen, 25. maj 1671" (in Danish). danmarkshistorien.dk. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  • Hedegaard, Ole A. (1 January 1986). "Nyt militært gradstegn - en ny/gammel tradition!". Krigsvidenskab.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  • Klint, Helge (1965). "Træk af Hærstabens historie". Hærkommandoens Årsskrift (in Danish). Nyt Nordisk Forlag: 5–11.
  • Military Committee Land Standardization Board (13 January 2021). STANAG 2116 (7th ed.). NATO Standardization Agency.
  • Ministry of Defence (9 January 2017). "Historik". forpers.dk (in Danish). Forsvarsministeriets Personalestyrelse. Archived from the original on 22 February 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  • Ministry of War (1880). "Love og Bestemmelser, som angaae hæren". Kundgjørelser for hæren samt Love og Bestemmelser, som angaae hæren (in Danish). Copenhagen.
  • Petersen, Karsten Skjold (2014). Kongens klæder - Hærens uniformer og udrustning i Danmark-Norge (in Danish) (1st ed.). Slovenia: Historika. ISBN 9788793229006.
This page was last edited on 16 May 2022, at 16:09
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