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General Motors India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

General Motors India Private Limited
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1995
HeadquartersHalol,Gujarat (Registered Office)
Gurgaon,Haryana (Marketing Office)
Key people
Sanjiv Gupta, President and MD
ProductsA-segment cars, internal combustion engines (for export only)
Number of employees
4,000
ParentGeneral Motors (93%)
SubsidiariesOpel India Private Limited
Chevrolet Sales India Private Limited
Websitechevrolet.co.in

General Motors India Private Limited is a partnership between General Motors and SAIC that is engaged in the automobile business in India. General Motors has 93% stake in this partnership and the remaining 7% is held by SAIC.[1] It is the 5th largest automobile manufacturing company in India after Maruti Suzuki, Hyundai, Tata Motors and Mahindra.[citation needed] After 21 years of operations in India, General Motors announced that it will stop selling cars in India by the end of 2017, as a part of its global restructuring actions.[2] General Motors India's primary focus is the manufacture and export of small cars and automotive components. Its export markets include Mexico and a few other Latin American countries. Its secondary focus is providing parts and related services for the GM vehicles that were sold in India.

History

General Motors began doing business in India in 1928, assembling Chevrolet cars, trucks and buses, but ceased its assembly operations in 1954. GM continued with tie-ups with Hindustan Motors to build Bedford trucks, Vauxhall cars, Allison Transmissions and off-road equipment.

In 1994, GMIPL was formed as a joint venture, owned 50 percent by Hindustan Motors and 50 percent by General Motors, to produce and sell Opel branded vehicles. GM bought out the Hindustan Motors interest in 1999.[3][4] GMIPL continued to produce Opel cars at the Halol facility until 2003, when it started production of Chevrolet vehicles at that location.

In 2000, GMIPL moved its headquarters to Gurgaon. In 2003, the company opened its technical center operations in Bangalore, which included research and development and vehicle engineering activities. The technical center operations were expanded to include purchasing and financial support services for General Motors operations located outside of India (2006), vehicle engine and transmission design and engineering (2007) and a vehicle design studio (2007).

GMIPL began construction of a second vehicle assembly plant in Talegaon in 2006, which began production of Chevrolet vehicles in September 2008.

In late 2009, General Motors announced that it would put its India operation into a 50–50 venture with Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation of China, which is the partner of GM's main venture in China.[5]

In October 2012, General Motors-Chevrolet announced that it has increased stake in its Indian subsidiary to 93% by buying 43% from its Chinese partner SAIC for an undisclosed sum.[6]

GMIPL announced in 2017 that by December all the Chevrolet models sold by the company will cease sales and that they are exiting the Indian market. Chevrolet cars will still be manufactured in Indian plants for exports.

In January 2020, Chinese automobile manufacturer Great Wall Motors is set to acquire General Motors’ Talegaon manufacturing plant near Pune.[7]

Manufacturing facilities

GMIPL operates vehicle manufacturing plants in Halol, Gujarat and Talegaon Dabhade, Maharashtra. It maintains headquarters in Halol and Gurgaon and a large technical center in Bangalore. Its Halol and Talegaon Dabhade manufacturing plants have a combined production capacity of 225,000 vehicles annually. From 2018, only the left-hand drive Beat hatchback and notchback for the export market is being produced in Talegaon plant as the Halol plant has been shut down.[8] The Halol plant was taken over by MG Motor India.[9] In January 2020, it was reported that Great Wall Motors has agreed to buy the Talegaon plant.[10][11]

Sales, service and marketing business

Like most other automotive companies in India, GMIPL appoints independently owned dealers to sell, service and market vehicles that it produces. As of August 2008, managed the Chevrolet dealership network (including export dealers located in Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Bhutan) from its headquarters in Gurgaon, and regional zone offices in Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.

GMIPL also sells parts and services to independent vehicle maintenance providers under the AC Delco brand. GM India's sales declined to 6,079 units in May 2012, while the figure last year same month was 8,329 units.[12]

Emission regulation controversy

In July 2013, GM India announced a recall of 114,000 units of the Tavera. After the recall, an internal probe revealed that GM India were violating Indian testing norms. According to the internal probe, some GM India employees were putting tuned higher emission engines which had already failed tests. 25 Employees were fired following the incident and GM India would also have to pay a ₹23 million ($358,000) fine.

Models

2020 Chevrolet Beat
2020 Chevrolet Beat

Chevrolet

Continued production since 2017 for exports to Latin America

Discontinued at the end of 2017 for the Indian market

Discontinued

Opel

Discontinued

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "GM increases stake in Indian unit to 93% - The Times of India". The Times of India.
  2. ^ "General Motors to stop selling cars in India". 28 May 2017.
  3. ^ GM Motors, General Motors India, General Motors, General Motors Corporation
  4. ^ GM - Global Operations - India Private Limited
  5. ^ Keith Bradsher (5 December 2009). "G.M. Expects Asia Deals to Raise $400 Million". New York Times. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
  6. ^ "GM increases stake in Indian unit to 93% - The Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. ^ "China's Great Wall Motors to acquire GM's Talegaon plant". Mint of India.
  8. ^ "GM India Confidence". Archived from the original on 2 January 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  9. ^ "MG Motor inaugurates first India facility in Gujarat, to roll out first product by 2019". Overdrive. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  10. ^ "China's Great Wall agrees to buy General Motors' India plant". Reuters. 17 January 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Great Wall Motor to buy Indian plant from GM". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  12. ^ "GM India clocks 27% decline in sales". 1 June 2012.
This page was last edited on 30 June 2020, at 04:11
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