To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

General Dynamics–Boeing AFTI/F-111A Aardvark

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

AFTI/F-111A Aardvark
Aircraft Fighter Jet F-111 AFTI NASA 0.jpg
AFTI/F-111A Aardvark in flight
Role Research aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer General Dynamics/Boeing
First flight 18 November 1985
Introduction 1985
Retired 1988
Status On display
Primary user NASA
Number built 1 (converted from F-111A)
Developed from General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark

The General Dynamics–Boeing AFTI/F-111A Aardvark was a research aircraft modified from a General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark to test a Boeing-built supercritical mission adaptive wing (MAW). This MAW, in contrast to standard control surfaces, could smoothly change the shape of its airfoil in flight.


The AFTI/F-111A was part of the Advanced Fighter Technology Integration (AFTI) Program by the United States Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory and NASA, which was an extension of the earlier transonic aircraft technology (TACT) program to install a supercritical wing onto an F-111.[1] Unlike the TACT program, AFTI utilized a mission adaptive wing, which, instead of standard control surfaces, could smoothly change the shape of its airfoil in flight.[2] The concept was inspired by birds, which change the shape of their wings to adapt to new flight conditions.[2]

By late 1981, Boeing had built a full-scale wing section and had received the variable-sweep actuator boxes from an F-111.[2] The new wings were installed on the 13th service test F-111A (serial number 63-9778), which had previously been used in the TACT program.[3] In November 1983, the systems for the MAW was powered up for the first time, revealing problems that delayed the program by five months.[4]

The MAW of the AFTI/F-111A had four automatic flight modes:[1]

  • Maneuver camber control, which adjusted the camber of the wings for maximum aerodynamic efficiency.
  • Cruise camber control, which adjusted the wings for maximum speed at any altitude and engine power.
  • Maneuver load control, which adjusted the wings for maximum aircraft load factor.
  • Maneuver enhancement alleviation, to cancel out the effects of gusts on the aircraft.


The first flight of the AFTI/F-111A took place on 18 November 1985.[4] A total of 59 flights were conducted between 1985 and 1988, resulting in satisfactory results from the four flight modes during testing and showing a significant reduction in drag.[1] Additionally, none of the aircraft's 46 rotary actuators failed during testing, however, its 16 power drive units (PDU) required 37 component or complete replacements.[4]

The aircraft used in the TACT and AFTI programs is currently in storage at the Air Force Flight Test Museum at Edwards AFB.[5]


Data from Standard F-111A,[6][7] Mission Adaptive Wing[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 75 ft 6.5 in (23.03 m)
  • Wingspan: 59.07 ft (18.00 m)
  • Height: 17 ft 0.5 in (5.19 m)
  • Wing area: 623.2 sq ft (57.90 m2) spread, 605.8 sq ft (56.28 m2) swept
  • Airfoil: Boeing Advanced Transonic Airfoil
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney TF30-P-3 turbofan engines, 12,000 lbf (53 kN) thrust each dry, 18,500 lbf (82 kN) with afterburner


See also

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ a b c Calzada, Ruby (2015-08-20). "AFTI F-111". NASA. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  2. ^ a b c Gunston, Bill (1987). The Great Book of Modern Warplanes. Salamander Books Ltd. p. 325. ISBN 0-517-63367-1.
  3. ^ Gibbs, Yvonne (2017-06-06). "Patch: F-111 Mission Adaptive Wing (MAW)". NASA. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  4. ^ a b c d Smith, John W. (1992). Variable-camber Systems Integration and Operational Performance of the AFTI/F-111 Mission Adaptive Wing. NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Program.
  5. ^ "Flight Test Museum". Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  6. ^ Gunston, Bill (1987). The Great Book of Modern Warplanes. Salamander Books Ltd. p. 328. ISBN 0-517-63367-1.
  7. ^ "General Dynamics F-111". Retrieved 2020-06-24.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 July 2020, at 22:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.