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Direction générale de l'armement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Direction générale de l’armement (DGA; English: Directorate General of Armaments), is the French Government Defence procurement and technology agency responsible for project management, development and purchase of weapon systems for the French military.[1]

Armament project coordination

The DGA coordinates armament projects with the industry in France, within Europe, but also with customers for export. Together with the Europe of Defence organisation, the DGA promotes the development of armament projects in co-operation and contributes to the development of the European Defence Agency. Fifteen cooperative armament projects are under way[when?]. The OCCAr (Joint Organisation of Co-operation as regards Armament) ensures the control of six projects intended to equip the French force, inter allia: combat Tiger helicopter, ground-to-air missiles short Roland/Frole range, Cobra counter-battery radar, family of ground-to-air systems future (FSAF), A400M military transport aircraft, PAAMS anti-aircraft system.

Other activities

Testing and expertise

The DGA also undertakes the testing and assessment of equipment and military technologies. Test centres are distributed across France to carry out studies in advanced technologies: DGA Hydrodynamics, DGA Aero-engine Testing, DGA CBRN Defence, DGA Information superiority, DGA Land Systems, DGA Missiles Testing, DGA Naval Systems, DGA Flight Testing, DGA Aeronautical Systems, DGA Engineering & Integration. These services contribute to the validation of industrial equipment, but also to the proving of military systems for the programme directorates. Since 2004 DGA, has been organised into two subdirectorates for the coordination of projects dealing respectively with the inter-systems technical approach (Service of architecture inter-systems) and with technological developments (responsible for domains).

Engineering schools

In addition, DGA supervises engineering schools that operate under the scrutiny of the Ministry of defence (École polytechnique, ENSTA ParisTech, Supaéro, ENSTA Bretagne, ENSICA). The high-level military staff of DGA, the Corps of Armament whose members are the ingénieurs de l'armement (IA, literally, "Armament Engineers"), are commissioned officers, who are generally graduates of the École polytechnique, then the ENSTA or Supaéro. The main part of the engineers, the ingénieurs des études et techniques d'armement (IETA, literally, "weaponry studies and technics engineers") are graduates of the ENSIETA or ENSICA.

Naval building

The DGA also formerly had a division for building warships, the Direction des constructions navales ("Directorate of Naval Construction"), now formed into a partly state-owned corporation, DCNS.

List of délégués généraux pour l'armement

The list of successive Heads of the DGA, whether they are from the Corps de l'armement, from the Corps des mines or from the French Armed Forces, whether they are more technology-oriented or "cost-cutting"-oriented, whether they originate from the DGA itself or from outside, gives an idea of the evolution of the institution.

Michel Fourquet, général d'armée aérienne, X33 Delpech
Henri Martre 1977-1983
Emile Blanc
Yves Sillard 1989-1993
Jean-Yves Helmer
Yves Gleizes
François Lureau
Laurent Collet-Billon

Ranks within the Corps de l'armement

Officers of the Corps de l'armement have a unique rank structure.

  • Ingénieur, (1er échelon) ("Engineer", first level, equivalent to a Sous-lieutenant)
  • Ingénieur, (2e et 3e échelon) ("Engineer", second and third level, equivalent to a Lieutenant)
  • Ingénieur, (4e au 9e échelon) ("Engineer", from fourth to ninth level, equivalent to a Capitaine)
  • Ingénieur principal ("Lead Engineer", equivalent to a Commandant)
  • Ingénieur en chef ("Chief Engineer" equivalent to a Lieutenant-Colonel before serving two years in this rank)
  • Ingénieur en chef ("Chief Engineer" equivalent to a Colonel after serving two or more years in this rank)
  • Ingénieur général de 2e classe ("Engineer-General, Second Class", equivalent to a Général de brigade)
  • Ingénieur général de 1er classe ("Engineer-General, First Class", equivalent to a Général de division)
  • Ingénieur général hors classe ("Engineer-General Beyond Class", equivalent to a Général de corps d'armée). There are at least three (one for each service branch) but usually others are appointed to run the main divisions within the DGA.
  • Ingénieur général de classe exceptionnelle ("Engineer-General, Exceptional Class", equivalent to a Général d'armée). There is usually only one: the titular Délégué Général pour l'Armement (the head of DGA).

Officers of the Corps des ingénieurs des études et techniques de l'armement have also a unique rank structure.

  • Ingénieur, (1er échelon) ("Engineer", first level, equivalent to a Sous-lieutenant)
  • Ingénieur, (2e au 5e échelon) ("Engineer", from second to fifth level, equivalent to a Lieutenant)
  • Ingénieur, (6e au 10e échelon) ("Engineer", from sixth to tenth level, equivalent to a Capitaine)
  • Ingénieur principal ("Lead Engineer", equivalent to a Commandant)
  • Ingénieur en chef de 2e classe ("Chief Engineer, Second Class" equivalent to a Lieutenant-Colonel)
  • Ingénieur en chef de 1er classe ("Chief Engineer, First Class" equivalent to a Colonel)
  • Ingénieur général de 2e classe ("Engineer-General, Second Class", equivalent to a Général de brigade)
  • Ingénieur général de 1er classe ("Engineer-General, First Class", equivalent to a Général de division)

See also

  • AGATE, the architecture framework promoted by the DGA

Notes and references

  1. ^ (Nuclear warheads and nuclear submarine power plants are designed by the division of military applications of the Commissariat à l’énergie atomique (CEA)).

External links

This page was last edited on 3 July 2020, at 17:56
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